Doctors, lawyers, current or former military, and police became targets for the regime. Religious persecution targeted Christians, Buddhist, and Muslim citizens. The regime closed all schools, hospitals, shops, offices, and monasteries. The second goal of the Khmer Rouge was to eliminate competition throughout Cambodia, which would create a wealthy society for everyone. In order to achieve this goal, the regime enacted policies to place people in collective living arrangements.
This is where all the Cambodian’s who could not work ended up being killed and left there when they could not work anymore. As soon as the Khmer Rouge came into power, they abolished anything related to the Khmer Culture. The local building in Phnom Penh turned into prisons or camps to hold the people of Cambodia. The money and the styles of clothing also spontaneously changed during Pol Pot’s reign. In addition, the genocide ended after the fall of the Khmer Rouge.
This brought about the practice of a decentralized leader for mass services. Believing that everyone has an equal chance of getting into heaven qualifies anyone to be a priest. Something that both reformations have in common however is that they both supported using a vernacular bible. Prior to the emergence of the Protestant sect, the bible was only in Latin so that the lay people were dependent on the priest for interpretation. Nevertheless, Luther rejecting a venerated human leader, believed that everyone should be able to read the bible.
The Khmer Rouge was a communist party of Kampuchea. Pol Pot ordered the killing since he was the leader of the Khmer Rouge. Duch, ran the most notorious prison, S-21, while he did not commit the killing he order behind the desk who was to be killed. The Khmer Rouge army was made up of uneducated peasants from provinces, which had never been in a city before. The Khmer Rouge ordered the persecution of intellects, religious figures, and ethnic minorities are the victims of the genocide.
The Khmer Rouge then began their terrible reign and efforts to reconstruct Cambodia resulting in a mass genocide. The Vietnam War had a lasting negative impact on Cambodia and its people, with the United States lack of involvement in the civil war leading to the rise of the communist group the Khmer Rouge. Between 1965 and 1975 the Vietnam War began to expand into Cambodian territory. In 1965 Cambodia, under Prince Sihanouk, officially cut ties with the United States in effort to remain neutral in
He was then excommunicated and basically banished from the Church. Instead of giving up his beliefs and returning to a corrupted Church, he created his own religion where God’s grace is directly granted to believers and the source of religious authority was the Bible. “The Protestant Reformation was an attempt to recast the Christian faith in terms of the new learning of the 16th century, the enlightenment learning,” a quote stated by John Shelby
The five year plan involved collectivization of wealthy peasant (Kulaks) and their land into collective farms. Many of the Kulaks were placed in labor camps or executed. Their farms were called “Kolkhoz” and functioned as a communes for peasants. Another purge emerged from the conflict, the purge within the red army. The red army was an army created by the Communist party after the Bolshevik revolution, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.