Tackett in the middle of his book tends to observe the fact that the main reasons behind the King’ decision to flee to the Varennes was because the King was not satisfied about his current position in the country. After the 1789 Revolution and the creation of the constitution, the King’s power was limited and distributed. The King had the feeling that he has already lost his power to National Assembly and his life is in dangerous and he is not safe. As the result of creating a constitutional monarchy, the King was required to share his power. As Tackett in his book states that “the electoral system, patched together by the royal government in 1789, had brought in elites of local, regional, and national stature from every part of the kingdom.”(p. 119) In order to bring back his power, the King planned leaves the country and asks help for foreign army to regain his power and launch a counterrevolutionary against the new republic.
The Revolution came from them- the middle class. The working classes were incapable of starting or controlling the Revolution. They were just beginning to learn to read.” Although the idea is true considering the low literacy among people in the 18th century, without the support of the working classes, the overthrow of the monarchy cannot be done. Lord Acton suggests that “…the suffering of the people was not greater than they had been before. The ideas of the philosophes were not directly responsible for the outbreak…[but] the spark that changed thought into action was supplied by the Declaration of American Independence.” As supporters of American Independence, Frenchmen are familiar with that “news”.
The March Revolution, a nationalist movement, began mainly because of the want for a constitution. Prussia’s leader, Frederick William IV, was afraid of giving them a constitution because he was weak. He was a bad leader since Prussia’s success was only because of the work of administrators in the government, and they were the ones favoring a constitution. The March Revolution had some success because in response to the revolts, Frederick William IV allowed a Prussian assembly to be created. The ones elected wanted to unite with Germany to challenge Russia.
Nationalism The rise in the spirit of nationalism led to many changes in Western Europe. You can trace this rise back to the American Revolution where the Americans established a country and kicked out the British colonialists. After viewing this uprising and playing a role in helping the Americans, the French were inspired to revolt in their own country. This along with many other factors eventually led to the French revolution in 1789. After the events of the French revolution and the toppling of the near absolutist monarchy, other nations in Europe also thought about standing up to the absolutist regimes in their countries.
France declared war on Britain after the French revolution. People were superstitious, even was the doctor, it is said that the quack doctors in the palace who were responsible for the king—George III’s health, did not take effective action to cure the king, so it leaded to his death. William Blake described the lives of the poor to disclose the corruption and to express his dissatisfactory and anger. However, Composed Upon Westminster Bridge by William Wordsworth was written in 1802, Britain had just finished its change to capitalist industrialization, and it became a clean and bright city. The author wrote down the beautiful scene of London at dawn when he passed it on his way to France in a long-distance bus.
The 18th century eventually became known as the age of enlightenment, it was a period that marked a lot of social change. Great thinkers like Voltaire and Jean-Jackqes Rousseau wrote about the importance of freedom and human rights. With such ideas, these famous philosophers influenced others and made them feel the need to be free from oppressive or tyrannical rule of absolute monarchs and have the ability to live independent from such forces. Also, both areas suffered social and economic hardships which led to the realization that something must be done to destroy the hierarchy in order to put power back into the hands of the people. While there are several similarities in these revolutions, there are also a few key
The prison, Bastille, was stormed by an angry mob that feared that attacks might occur. This forced Louis XVI to take notice of the Third Estate. The king allows the Third Estate to form an assembly, but he also told them to follow medieval rules. The French revolution also struggle to obtain rights and freedom for the common people in France. The Absolute power of the monarchy started to collapse as the lower class gain more rights and freedom.
Under Louis XVI France has depleted most of its finances, and is in debt because of France’s financial and military support of America during the American revolution. This has led to famine and civil unrest, while also giving birth to the revolutionary idea of nationalism during the French revolution. Radical leaders such as Robespierre used the idea of nationalism to motivate people into joining revolution in order to create the French republic. However, the true leaders of the revolution were the people, as they were the ones who stole the gunpowder from the Bastille and stormed Versai, while the leaders were just the ‘head of the snake’ that told people what to do in order for them to get what they want. Furthermore, nationalism did not spark the revolution, but rather fuelled it as the true reason why the revolution began was because the bourgeoisie were not included in the Assemblée nationale, so they retaliated by motivating a mass of
One of the biggest issues that the new government had to face was the exaggerated terms of the Treaty of Versailles. These terms limited the Weimar Republic from fully developing and growing to become a fully fledged society. The signing of the Treaty of Versailles meant torture for the country and the people populating it, and a vast majority of the population felt it was betrayal from the German government, naming the Weimar Republic officials the ‘November criminals’. Many people that supported the Weimar Republic changed their views after the terms of the Treaty of Versailles became publicly available since they felt the Weimar Republic was just the result of losing the war rather than the actual choice of the majority of the population. The problems faced by the Weimar Republic
The common people will let it go, oh yes. They will sell liberty for a quieter life. That is why they must be prodded, prodded—” Conceivably providing an explanation that the more the public fears reprimand by the government, the easier it is for them to agree to its supremacy in order to lead a stable life. Burgess representation of a maleficent government while comprehensible by the Democrats isn’t really understood by the