In assessing whether the going concern assumption is appropriate, management takes into account all available information about the future, which is at least, but is not limited to, twelve months from the end of the reporting period. The degree of consideration depends on the facts in each case. When an entity has a history of profitable operations and ready access to financial resources, the entity may reach a conclusion that the going concern basis of accounting is appropriate without detailed analysis. In other cases, management may need to consider a wide range of factors relating to current and expected profitability, debt repayment
Corporate Finance: Corporate finance is concerned with the financing and investment decisions made by the management of companies in pursuit of corporate goals. As a subject, corporate finance has a theoretical base which has evolved over many years and which continues to evolve. It has a practical side too, concerned with the study of how companies actually make financing and investment decisions, and it is often the case that theory and practice disagree. The fundamental problem that faces financial managers is how to secure the greatest possible return in exchange for accepting the smallest amount of risk. This necessarily requires that financial managers have available to them (and are able to use) a range of appropriate tools and techniques.
Financial Accounting is a field of accounting concerned with a company’s financial transactions. It uses standardized accounting guidelines to record, summarize and present the transactions to mainly external users periodically by means of Financial Statements. Creditors and other lenders like banks and other financial institutions, Government Authorities, Prospective Investors, Customers, Competitors and Regulatory Authorities are some of the External Users who may use these Accounting information for various decision making purposes. Managerial Accounting also referred to as Cost Accounting is a branch of accounting that helps in identifying, analyzing interpreting, preparing and communicating both Financial and Non-Financial information
Under time period assumption, we prepare financial statements quarterly, half-yearly or annually. Theincome statement provides us an insight into the performance of the company for a period of time. Thebalance sheet (also known as the statement of financial position) provides us a snapshot of the business ' financial position (assets, liabilities and equity) at the end of the time period. The statement of cash flows and the statement of changes in equityprovide detail of how the company 's financial position changed during the time period. One implication of the time period assumption is that we have to make estimates and judgments at the end of the time period to correctly decide which events need to be reported in the current time period and which ones in the
Exposure to credit risk is managed in part by obtaining collateral and corporate and personal guarantees. Counterparty limits are established by the use of a credit classification system, which assigns each counterparty a risk rating. Risk ratings are subject to regular revision. Liquidity Risk Liquidity risk is the risk that the company is unable to meet its payment obligations associated with its financial liabilities when they hall due and to replace funds when they are withdrawn. GK’s liquidity management process, as carried out within the Group through the ALCOs and treasury departments includes: o Monitoring future cash flows and liquidity on a daily basis o Maintaining a portfolio of highly marketable and diverse assets that can easily be liquidated as protection against any unforeseen interruption to cash flow o Maintaining committed lines of credit Currency Risk Currency risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates.
What are the three basic financial statements, and what major information does each contain? Please explain in detail. A Financial Statement is a document for reporting business financial performance and resources. The basic three financial statements are: 1- Income statements: The Income Statement shows the revenue and expenses for specific year (period of time) to determine the company’s profit or loss by comparing the revenues with its expenses. The information listed on the income statement is mostly in relatively current dollars, and so represents a reasonable degree of accuracy.
It consists of Customer billing statements, Sales orders, purchase Requisitions, Sales analysis reports, Register checking, Vendor invoices, general ideas, payroll information, timekeeping and inventory data, tax information. This data can be used to preparing the accounting statement and reports. (Fontinelle, 2017).Accounting Information System is used for to produce the external stories related to the financial statement, supported through routine activities, Decision Support and Planning and Control, Implementing internal control. Accounting Information roles are classified into External Auditor, Tax Accountant, Consultant and Internal Auditor, Business Analyst, Budget analysts, Financial Analyst, controller and Accounting Clerk. It is discussing the future, and current role of Accounting Information system is analyzing by accountant responsibility and financial
The paper will calculate the financial ratios of company that will be interpreted with the implications of ratios. Moreover, the paper will describe the indicators of fraudulent reporting. Discussion Purpose of Income Statement It is also called profit and loss statement or income or expense statement. The main purpose of income statement is to indicate managers and investors whether the organisation was cost-effective
Based on the mission and vision statements, a top-down business in the form of long range planning business goals have been archived. Long range planning involves a building a goals by evaluating sales history and other operating data. Other than that, by using the predictive techniques in business planning helps leaders make predictions based on information that can be used in developing a long range planning. The internal data related about the company performances as well as the external data about the industry may be used to establish a long range strategic goals. Manage the company future lies in the middle of setting long range planning goals.