Lord Charles Cornwallis: British Rule In India

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Introduction: Lord Charles Cornwallis was a British army officer, civil administrator, and diplomat. His early career was primarily of military in nature, which includes a series of well-known campaigns during the War of American Independence from 1776 to 1781 that ended in his surrender at Yorktown. The governor-general ship of Lord Cornwallis extended from 1786 to1793. He introduced changes in the judicial system thrice in years1787, 1790, and 1793. He introduced for first time the principle of administration according to law. He was appointed in February 1786 to serve as both Commander-in-Chief of British India and Governor of the Presidency of Fort William, also known as the Bengal Presidency. Based in Calcutta, where he oversaw the consolidation of British control over much of peninsular India, setting the stage for the British Raj. He was also instrumental in enacting administrative and legal reforms that fundamentally altered civil administration and land management practices in India. According to historian Jerry Dupont, Cornwallis was responsible for "laying the foundation for British rule throughout India and setting standards for the services, courts, and revenue collection that remained remarkably unaltered almost to the end of the British era." He was raised to the title of Marquess Cornwallis in 1792 as recognition for his performance in the Third Anglo-Mysore War, in which he extracted significant concessions from the Mysorean ruler, Tipu Sultan. He returned
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