Superego In Lord Of The Flies Essay

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In the novel Lord of the Flies, Golding unknowingly uses Simon, Piggy, Ralph, and Jack to illustrate id, ego, and superego. The id is the set of uncoordinated instinctual trends; the super-ego plays the critical and moralizing role; and the ego is the organized, realistic part that mediates between the desires of the id and the super-ego. Golding shows the id, ego, and superego with Jack being the id, Ralph being the ego, and Piggy as the superego.
Firstly, Jack represents id within the allegory. Jack thrives for control. Numerous times throughout the novel, he attempts to turn the boys against Ralph, the original head chief. He controls the boys, kills animals, and aids in killing Simon and Piggy. Jack ultimately overpowers Piggy and Simon, by helping with their death, much like the Id can overpower the superego. Jack decided killing is a higher priority than getting off the island, he shows that when he says, “Rescue? Yes, of course!All the same, I’d like to catch a pig first” (53). This shows what Jack finds more important. Jack prioritized hunting and killing over getting off the island. Jack has a desire to feel powerful and have the most authority, he has a
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Piggy and Simon being the superego. In the novel Lord of the Flies by Golding, Piggy would represent the superego. Piggy would represent the superego because he is the intellectual, observant boy on the island. Piggy makes the intelligent ideas like when he stated, "We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They'll come when they hear us--" (16). Rather than overlooking the conch as a gift from the ocean, Piggy uses it as a useful tool to contact everyone else that have been stranded on the island. Piggy goes to the conch when the two camps come together because order and rules is most important. Piggy is the innocent good one that nobody wants to listen to because it is not fun to always follow the
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