In the play, Oedipus the King, there are many different examples of situational, dramatic, and verbal irony. Irony is very prevalent during this play, mostly because of the backstory of Oedipus. Oedipus’s parents were presented with an oracle that stated their son, Oedipus, would eventually destroy the city of Thebes, kill his father, and lie with his own mother (Oedipus Rex 1205-1206). As the story goes on, Thebes is hit with a plague and the only way to get rid of it is to exile or kill the murderer of King Laius, the king of Thebes (99-108). Although Oedipus was determined to find the murderer of Laius, it ended up being himself (1118-1123).
Through a series of prophecies, Oedipus learns that he himself killed the king, who is his father, and married his mother, the queen. This drives him to become a blind beggar when his wife/mother commits suicide. Throughout the play, one can see that Oedipus’s fate was determined by forces outside his control, as seen by his lack of agency over the events leading to his eventual fate. The intractable gods’ manipulation in Oedipus’s fate is clearly shown by the various prophecies delivered by various oracles and prophets in the play. The first word of god in Oedipus the King commands the citizens of the plague-infested city to “drive out, and not to leave uncured within this country, a pollution we have nourished in our land” (96-98).
In the tragedy Oedipus Rex written by Sophocles, King Oedipus was destined to a tragic fate. He was prophesied to kill his father, King Laius and marry his mother Jocasta. Throughout the story, many symbols reveal hidden meanings related to the ignorance Oedipus displays towards his fate. Sophocles uses Oedipus Rex to convey that ignorance cannot alter fate. The symbols of light versus dark and sight versus blindness help to reinforce this theme.
Act 1 is a considered as a turning point in the play’s plot. Yet, before defining the content of the extract or examining its form, one should highlight its context. Hamlet’s doubts are confirmed as he musters up his courage and decides to take action. The ghost speaks to him, claiming to be his father’s spirit, come to rouse him to revenge his death, a “foul and most unnatural murder” (1.5.30). Hamlet is appalled at the revelation that his father has been murdered, and the alleged spirit of the former king tells him that the only “villain” to blame is Claudius “who now wears his crown”.
/ It is a deathly thing, beyond cure; / We must not let it feed upon us longer.” - Oedipus hastily that the defilement, which is revealed to be the murderer of the former leader of Thebes Laios, must be removed. Little does he know, he is the the murderer that killed Laios and married his wife, and his murder “brought the plague-wind on the city,” a fact that is known to the audience but lost on Oedipus. An oracle revealed to him long ago when he went searching for the truth about his parents: “I went to the shrine at Delphi… The god dismissed my question without reply; / He spoke of other things. Some were clear, / Full of wretchedness, dreadful, unbearable: / As, that I should lie with my own
The Queen who was Laios' wife, is also Oedipus's mother, who he will marry as the new king of Thebes and contribute even more to his eventual downfall and death. Oedipus was taught to believe his parents were Polybus and Merope, when he hears word that those may not be his parents he decides he must know the answer. Oedipus decides to go to Thebes and find the truth of his origin. During the journey he ends up fulfilling an earlier prophecy that he would kill his father. Later on in the plat, Oedipus decides he must find the truth about who killed king Laios and ironically enough it is he who killed the king.
The least obvious character in this comparison is King Laius, already dead in Oedipus the King, but it is the hubris behind actions which led to his death, and is the catalyst for Oedipus’ tragic journey. King Laius, on the road to see the Oracle of Delphi, after being told a second time that his son would be his demise, meets Oedipus, and this is where fate wins (Laius). At the crossroads King Laius and Prince Oedipus are
“Reverence toward the gods must be safeguarded. The mighty words of the proud are paid in full with mighty blows of fate”(1467-1470) This quote tells us the downfall of Creon and how disobeying the gods with arrogance are punished by fate. This quote and the corrupt actions of Creon are evidence for the message of the play. Sophocles shows us how the selfish acts of the arrogant king who made these decisions on his own killed his loved ones by defying the gods. In contrast to this, Macbeth is consumed by his ambition after being influenced by the witches and his wife.
These traits include the hero’s tragic flaw, his position in society and his realization that his virtues had caused his demise. The tragic hero in Antigone is Creon, because he is a mature leader of society whose virtues (or flaws) cause his downfall. Creon is obdurate as he does not heed advice given from anyone during the majority of the play, he then finally follows the counsel that the Chorus Leader gives him near the end of the play. This is apparent during the argument between Haemon and Creon as Haemon tries to persuade him to listen to his subjects and change his opinions on the matter of Polyneices’ burial as well as the incarceration of Antigone. Creon disagrees strongly and becomes inflamed towards Haemon.
William Shakespeare in The Tragedy of Macbeth written in the 17th century dramatizes the tragic hero and Macbeth’s tragic flaw of greed, which ultimately results in his gradual desensitization to murder and death. Even though he begins in the story thinking through his actions, he ends up killing on multiple accounts without second thought. Shakespeare wrote this play to show how avarice can have adverse consequences on the human condition. This tragedy follows the true story of a historical Macbeth, an eleventh century king of Scotland who usurped the throne after killing his predecessor. In The Tragedy of Macbeth, greed is Macbeth’s tragic flaw that permeates through the dramatic structure.
The city of Thebes had come down with a plaque of sorts and elders were convinced it was brought on by the curse of the previous king, who was murdered. Oedipus, the Hero-King, summons the blind prophet Tiresias for guidance on how to relieve Thebes from the plaque. As the profit attempts to elude the kings questions, for fear of being killed himself, he finally unveils the murderer was Oedipus himself. As time passes, the