Konstantin Mereschkowski was born on August 4, 1855 and he died on January 9, 1921. He was a Russian biologist and botanist. From 1875 to 1880, he worked for his degree at the University of St. Petersburg. Upon graduating, he began to travel to places such as France and Germany, meeting famous scientists and studying. In 1886, he and his wife, Olga Petrovna Sultanova, emigrated from Russia to Crimea, where he began work as a botanist studying grapes.
First, he discovered that there were greater chances of anthrax infection if sheep killed by the disease were buried in the fields. He managed to convince farmers to avoid burying dead animals in regions where cattle might graze in the near future. Pasteur performed an experiment in 1881, to apply his anthrax vaccine, and it turned out to be a success. In 1880, the year earlier a veterinary surgeon known as Jean-Joseph-Henri Toussaint utilized carbolic acid to destroy anthrax microorganisms (Pettinger). Though Pasteur employed the same approach, he earned the most credit and commercial demand owing to his bigger
(Alexander Fleming 2014) o He was educated in Louden Moor School, the Darvel School and Kilmarnock Academy before he was moving to London in 1895 at the age of 13 years. In London, he studied in Regent Street Polytechnic and in 1901, he entered the medical field and studying at St. Mary 's Hospital Medical School at the University of London. (Sir Alexander Fleming 2014) o During World War 1, he worked in the Royal Army Medical Corps. He treated wound with antiseptics but the antiseptics were killing more soldiers than infection itself. Thus, he showed that antiseptics can’t work well in treating deep wound.
Microbiology began when people learned the making of form pieces of glass and combined them to produce magnification enough to enable to see microbes driving in 13th century. Roger bacon observed the disease produced by invisible living creatures. This concept observed by girilamo fracastoro of various but these was had prove 100 years after the fracastoro a german Jesuit athanasices kircher had given the term worms to that invisible living creatures which he had seen in plague victims. Although his description created he also had no proof. However, but kircher was the first person to recognize the significance of the bacteria and microbes in diseases.
Edgar was born in America in 1809 and Najeeb was born in Cairo in 1911. They have two different styles and two different ways of growing up. Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston in 1809. He was a foster child when his parents died in 1811 of tuberculosis. He wrote his first poem at the age of 15.Poe joined the U.S army shortly after he published his first book (Tamerlane and other poems) in 1827 Poe got himself kicked out of west point and he emerged as a writer in 1831.In December 1835, he joined a magazine and he published some of his books there.
1. Briefly describe how phage were discovered, and how they were quickly used to treat disease. a. Phage were discovered by Felix D'Herelle when he found a motive to search of a "good microbe hunter" after seeing 20 people dead in 8 days due to the yellow fever. He originally discovered phage by chance. While working with sick locusts, he observed a puzzling phenomenon: amid some of his bacterial cultures, there were what he described as "taches vierges" - pure or clear spots on an otherwise cloudy background.
The short story is about a grandfather named Yoroshimo that persistently seeks medical help for his five year old grandson. When the dentist recommends Mumei to drink more milk, Mumei replies,” Im a bird”, which means that he prefers worms over milk (2). This is because birds rarely drink milk, and instead have a preference for insects.. This tone of the story was changed by Mumei, who used his imagination to answer the doctor, thus taking the stress of the situation out of the story. In response, the Dentist replied that the reason why is because birds don’t eat when the worms are contaminated, then there will be a lot of them since the birds would rather eat the bugs in the air (4).
Penicillin kills guinea pigs, but is inactive in rabbits; aspirin kills cats and causes birth defects in rats, mice, guinea pigs, dogs, and monkeys; and morphine, a depressant in humans, stimulates goats, cats, and horses” (Animal Testing is a bad science” 1). If the animals all have different reactions how is it effective for us to even test them before trying it on humans? Also, not only do they show different results between animals, “Diseases that are artificially induced in animals in a
Shingles What are shingles you might ask? Shingle are a reactivation of the chickenpox virus in the body, causing a painful rash. Herpes zoster is another name for the virus. Shingles was thought to be a fairly painless and harmless virus until the 1950s, when the medical community first recognized the severity of the symptoms of shingles. Anyone who ever had chickenpox many or may not develop shingles.
These actions can lead to hasty generalizations and misinterpretations. An example of one bold and rather irrational strategy is Edward Jenner’s experiment in 1796, on an eight-year-old boy in order to find a vaccine for smallpox. He injected the eight-year-old boy first with cowpox pustule into an incision on the boys arm. He was attempting to test his theory, drawn from a folklore of the countryside. Due to, mainly, luck and chance, he concluded that the boy was immune to the smallpox disease when he injected him with the smallpox virus.