The Roman Empire had a largely corrupt government, which mismanaged the itself into a collapse. As a Representative Democracy, Roman leaders were “elected” to represent their people. But, their system was far from perfect. Voting was restricted for most, limiting the actual representation of the people to only the social elite. According to an anonymous primary source from the era, “Now in addition to these injuries, were with the arts of [greediness] afflict the provinces, comes the appalling greed of the provincial Governors, which is ruinous to the taxpayers’ interests.” These men work for their own self interests, not the public’s, which defeats the purpose of a democracy.
As described in the article, “Louis XIV, king of France,” of The Columbia Encyclopedia, Louis’s vast spending on his palace at Versailles, along with him participating in needless wars such as the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714), left France in a state of debt and “greatly weakened [France] militarily” (“Louis XIV, king of France” para. 5). Additionally, Louis revoked the Edict of Nantes which had protected the religious freedoms of French Protestants known as Huguenots, as he wished to transform his monarchy to
This situation tend to occur because the basic needs of the citizens or of the population aren’t being accomplished. This creates a condition where the leaders of the community can incite a metamorphosis. The French revolution was a significant epoch of social and political catastrophe in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799. This was inspired by the liberal and radical ideas. This situation altered the course of modern history; generating the global decline of theocracies and absolute monarchies during the time they were replacing them with democracies and republics.
The French, not at all like the Haitian slaves, were under a legislature as nationals and were trying to overthrow their current government. In doing so, they wanted to create a new government where they had rights that could settle their social needs as well as repair the damages caused by the war and decrease France’s debt. France was going through an internal battle because for 175 years the estates general wasn’t in session and when it was in session in 1789, King Louis XVI asked for more money but locked out the third estate. The third estate had no voice, rights and were just poor peasants suffering from having to pay 40% tax. Louis XVI was the king of France and thusly was considered in charge of its monetary emergency and the disparity of the French society.
There were problems that the Mughals were facing which form the base for the process of decline. The available social surplus was insufficient to defray the cost of administration, pay for wars, giving the ruling class a standard of life in keeping with the expectations. The expansion of agriculture, Industry and Trade was narrowing compared to the amount of demand due to the Social Crisis, as stated by Satish Chandra. The decline of Mughal Empire was brought about chiefly by a combination of its frontiers being rendered inelastic and the blunting of its long held advantage in heavy cavalry-based warfare, as stated by Rohan D’Souza. The comprehensive reasons that sum-up to the decline of the Mughal Empire: Jagirdari crisis stands the central part of the process of the decline of the Mughal Empire in India, as it was considered the key to the success and existence of the Empire earlier to the period of Aurangzeb.
In Plato’s Republic he offers several critiques of Democracy believing it is inefficient and leads to these known bad forms of government such as tyranny and oligarchy. Plato drives hard on Democracy’s excessive freedom and inherent class tensions, which both lead to issues within the state. These critiques Plato reveals will provide a persuasive case considering the well-known Democracy as an actual inherently bad form of government. Plato had a large problem with the tensions Democracy would bring to the city. Plato believed in a hierarchy principle more so then feeding into our desires.
The French Revolution was the cause of many changes to the mainland of Europe during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The Revolution was a conflict over absolute monarchism, social inequality or estate system and economic injustice with the enlightenment and the knowledge of other revolutions, such as the American Revolution were also factors that contributed to the French Revolution. The mighty reformation was a really frustrating time in the years of 1789 to 1799, and occurred over three stages, The Tennis Court Oath followed by The Great Fear then finally The Reign of Terror. After these three stages, The Rule of the Moderates that ended the French Revolution, Napoleon was the savior as he was instrumental to ending the frustrating
Nicholas II or better known as the last tsar was one of the most indecisive and unequipped to rule Russia "The Czar can change his mind from one minute to the next; he’s a sad man; he lacks guts (Rasputin). His indecisive nature led to many arising issue’s and opposition which he was not able to respond to with the speed and effectiveness of his predecessors, leading to worsening conditions in Russia. Most of this ineptitude stemmed from his failure to adapt to changing and worsening conditions in Russia. Konstantin Pobedonostev taught him, a firm believer in monocracy, whose lessons developed a belief that he was invincible and had God’s right to rule, taught him. “It was not a weakness of will that was the undoing of the last Tsar, but a willful determination to rule from the throne, “ Orlando Figes.
The Revolutionary Settlement of 1688 is also known as the “glorious revolution” and is the bloodless overthrow of King James II of England. William of Orange and Mary II of England took over the reins of power in the new settlement. The people were weary of King James’ Catholicism and the passing over of Mary his daughter who was a protestant as the heir to the throne. The king had suspended parliament and applied absolute rule. The revolutionary settlement led to the enactment of a bill of rights that fundamentally altered the society and social and political institutions.
There were lots of reasons behind the fall of the Empire. Ottoman army did not develop itself, and also confusion among the groups in army is a strong reason behind the demise of the Empire. Also, the discovery of the new world and ways affected the economy of the Ottoman Empire and weaken its economy. Also, French revolution was another important and strong cause behind the fall of the Ottoman