I believe that Socrates is innocent because he defends himself truthfully with effect. He uses sound arguments and he is passionate about philosophy. Socrates did nothing to gain in life and did not want a high social standing. Socrates is fair and uses correct methods of arguments by uncovering the
In his “Mathnawi,” he says: “If love’s pulse does not beat within a man let him be Plato, he is but an ass. To Rumi, growth, evolution, assimilation and unity in this world are manifestations of the form of love. He says, “If there had not been love,” “there would have not been any existence. Had it not been for pure love’s sake, how should there have been any reason for the creation of heavens”. The fundamental difference between the two is that Plato approaches reality through rational inquiry and regards love as mediator between the two worlds.
There is no exact definition to being happy. Many writers such as Mark Twain, Ernest Hemingway, and Ralph Waldo Emerson have sought out ways on how to lead a happier lifestyle. Russell implements these beliefs and defines happiness in a whole different way. The Happy Life, written by Bertrand Russell, is a rhetorical essay about his meaning of “happiness.” He persuades his audience through the use of pathos and ethos.
Plato, p. 46 The argument then leads to the understanding that men with vice realize this painful aspect of justice and are blind to its good impact on the soul. They cannot therefore, be happy. In fact, states Socrates: "…a man who is not brought to justice is more wretched than one who is." Plato, p. 47
The corruption charge was a disgraced to the morality of Greek and he said publicly that he would rather be convicted than to suffer restrictions on his free speech. In the same angle, the free speech became more developed during the enlightenment period by the scholars such as John Locke, Baruch Spinoza, Pierre Bayle and others. Locke in his inspirational view claimed that “we are born free as we are born rational,” he further suggested that, the two are linked. Human beings are free in the state of nature, and they are essentially free in a well-formed civil society as well.
The lover himself being intermediate lacks the qualities of the things that are loved, like wisdom, beauty, and immortality; therefore he strives to possess these qualities. Within the dialogue there are aims, and each is not of equal importance but rather follow a priority. As we will see throughout Socrates speech his final goal is
Plato believed that a soul transmigrated until it was able to free itself from physical form and returned to the a realm without form. Plato also taught that true knowledge came from the soul and reason which would make him a rationalist and he believed that things like beauty and good in the physical world were glimmers of reality. Aristotle theory of forms with its two separate realms failed to explain what it was meant to explain. Furthermore it failed to explain
Socrates’ speech within the Symposium falls short of being a truly convincing account of Erôs, mainly due to the fact that it does not deliver an explanation of what Erôs is but only where it comes from and its purpose in a spiritual sense, but is can still be considered successful in its own right. Socrates speech is less convincing due partly to the fact that it is not of his own creation, instead being a retelling of a conversation he had with Diotima. Socrates thus comes across as largely uninterested in sex and sexual desire, and instead puts forward an account of Erôs which revolves around Love as a collaborative striving for Goodness, similar to Eryximachus’ appeal to unity and wellness. Socrates speech comes from what he learned from Diotima of Mantinea, who was a priestess who believed that Love is a progressive force which moves one from considering merely the physical to the contemplation of pure and abstract beauty. Diotima explained that Erôs is neither God nor mortal, but a spiritual force which exists between
If it is not. If imitation is not improving the government of cities or audience as and teachers do, then there is no need for it according to Socrates. With this being said, Socrates only solution to the poison of imitation is to do away with it all at once or for the Imitator to acquire knowledge of what they are imitating, to avoid deceiving people with false image of
Failure during the Peloponnesian War caused Greeks to question democracy and traditional Greek values. Plato disagreed with the way the state was run, especially after Athens’ loss at war. He discusses the meaning of justice and outlines how the ideal state should be governed in The Republic. He believes that the ideal state should be governed by a class of guardian rulers, who were trained as philosopher-kings. These rulers are the only members of society who could understand the Form of the Good and would be able to rule justly and logically.
“Allegory of the Cave” is what Plato thought about human perception. He believes knowledge is no more than an opinion that one believes is the absolute truth. I believe that “Allegory of the Cave” does relate to life today by our perceptions on different ideas. In the story, the prisoners knew to believe the shadows of the pots, statues and sculptures are real.
He says, “I do not corrupt, or if I do corrupt, I do it involuntarily, so in both cases what you say is false” (26a, p. 75). He continues by saying that if he corrupts involuntarily, “the law is to bring in those in need of punishment, not learning” (26a, p. 75). This further points out Socrates’s innocence. He believes that he would need to learn of his wrongdoings rather than be punished because he doesn’t see anything wrong with his actions.
In the dialogue Apology by Plato, Socrates who was Plato’s teacher was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. The author talks about what happened at his mentor’s trial. This dialogue is one of the most exact when it comes to what happened in the courtroom, for Plato was present there, and he saw everything. After the jury decided that Socrates was guilty they sentenced him to death; however, they offered Socrates to be exiled as an alternate punishment. Socrates talks about how he believes in spirits, how he does not get paid to speak, and how he is not responsible for what others decide to believe or follow; in order, to defend himself against the two charges.