Low Self Esteem Theory

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Self-esteem creates self-image (Judy and Arin 2004). Low self-esteem has many different manifestations; withdrawal, depression and lack of self-confidence are all symptoms of low self-esteem. Many adolescents express anger and frustration because they do not complete certain tasks easily or efficiently. When these feelings are turned inward they reinforce feeling of low self-esteem (Richard 2005). A research done by Mullis and Chapman (2000) on association among gender, age, self-esteem and found that adolescents having high self- esteem focused on problem solving and emotion focused strategy was used by those adolescents having low self-esteem. Arslan, Hamarta and Uslu (2010) studied relationship between life…show more content…
When social conditions provide support and opportunity to fulfil these basic needs, personal growth, vitality and well-being are enhanced (Chirkou, Ryan, Kim, & Kaplan, 2003; La Guardia, Ryan, Couchman, & Deci, 2000 as cited in Ryan & Deci, 2004). Relatedness was an addition to the original theory to account for people’s inherent ability to make meaning and connect with others through the internalization of cultural practices and values (Ryan & Deci,…show more content…
Children are classified according to the Strange Situation Test as either avoidant, ambivalent or securely attached. Securely attached children accounted for 70% of those tested; these children look to maintain contact with their caregiver and although sad to see them leave, are typically happy when they return, which indicates a supportive and affectionate relationship with their caregiver and intriguingly coincides with the Western. An integration of TMT and Attachment Theory hypothesizes that self-esteem develops as a child realizes that anxiety reduces as its needs are met by the caregiver, resulting in the evolution of their ‘worldview’ and the inextricable correlation between self-esteem and good relationships (Mikulincer, Florian, & Hirschberger, 2003 as cited in Pyszczynski et al.,

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