The story of Hamlet by William Shakespeare is a story of betrayal, revenge, and intrigue. Hamlet, the title character discovers that his uncle killed his father and married his mother effectively stealing the throne. Hamlet decides he must kill his uncle Claudius as revenge for what he had done. However, as the new king, Hamlet isn't sure how to get to him, so he decides to fake madness, but his plan backfires as Claudius doesn't trust him and makes sure he is always watched. In his fumbled plan for revenge, Hamlet accidentally kills Polonius, forces Polonius's son Laertes to seek revenge against him, and drives Ophelia crazy causing her to kill herself.
Lay violent hands even on me and soon. I act for the murdered king in my own interest”(134-144). This statement from Oedipus is an example of situational irony because Oedipus does not know that he will end up being the murderer of King Laius. This impacts the story because the audience has no clue that the killer will wind up being Oedipus
Nero has his step brother, Britannicus, killed so that his rule was not opposed. He then has his mother assassinated due to her opposition to his relationship with a married woman (Seneca xii). When Nero discovers the Pisonian Conspiracy to overthrow him, he goes out of his way to have anyone so much as implicated as having a part in the plot executed. Much like Atreus, Nero lets his passions rule his life by unjustly killing those that he felt threatened his power. Since all of Seneca’s plays lack dates, it is unknown when he wrote Thyestes.
While he is haunted by guilt, Macbeth has to secure his throne by murdering Banquo and Fleance. At the end of the feast which was set up for assassinating Banquo and his son, Macbeth is again terrified by the news that Fleance has fled and Banquo’s ghost will dried blood over his body. He said to the ghost: “Thou canst not say I did it. Never shake/ Thy gory locks at me.” (3.4.51-52) These reactions all showed his ambivalence and the hatred to
Considering Ophelia becomes completely insane from Hamlet’s denunciation of his love for her, Hamlet’s fortuitous murder of Polonius, and his abrasive confrontation with Gertrude. In addition, his actions even triggers Claudius to attempt to subdue him, but only end up in the death of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who fell victims to the destructive and bloody path Hamlet had carved to the throne. Undoubtedly, it is all these events that certainly personify the estranged heir, as both a diabolical, and covetous heir. As his willingness
To Laertes, it does not matter whether it is a lowly servant or the king who kills his father; he will exact revenge on whomever the culprit. Claudius tells Laertes that Hamlet has killed Laertes’s father, and after learning that the person who killed his father also played a part in driving his sister mad which resulted in her death, Laertes’s determination to take retribution and kill Hamlet strengthens. During the duel, in which Laertes is supposed to pierce Hamlet with a poisoned rapier, Hamlet tells Laertes that “madness is poor Hamlet’s enemy.” (5.2.253) and asks Laertes “Free me so far in your most generous thoughts / That I have shot my arrow o’er the house / And hurt my brother.” (5.2.256-258). After hearing this, Laertes’s resoluteness falters slightly and says that he is “satisfied in nature” (5.2.259), but in “terms of honor” (5.2.261), he has to kill Hamlet. Regardless, he still says “And yet it is almost against my conscience” (5.2.324).
Through a series of prophecies, Oedipus learns that he himself killed the king, who is his father, and married his mother, the queen. This drives him to become a blind beggar when his wife/mother commits suicide. Throughout the play, one can see that Oedipus’s fate was determined by forces outside his control, as seen by his lack of agency over the events leading to his eventual fate. The intractable gods’ manipulation in Oedipus’s fate is clearly shown by the various prophecies delivered by various oracles and prophets in the play. The first word of god in Oedipus the King commands the citizens of the plague-infested city to “drive out, and not to leave uncured within this country, a pollution we have nourished in our land” (96-98).
evil is represented through Macduff, whom represents the ‘good’ and Macbeth, who has been completely consumed by his evil counterpart. Macduff has fled to England to plot against Macbeth, therefore, in retaliation Macbeth sends murderers to Macduff’s estate to slaughter his family and staff all-the-while claiming treason as a means of justification. Macbeth says,” The castle of Macduff I will surprise; seize upon Fife; give to th’ edge o’ th’ sword his wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls…” (Act IV,scn i, ln 150-153) Macbeth no longer cares if he kills the innocent. He will do anything and everything to protect his reign, sparing no one who deems a threat. This is why he has Macduff’s family killed, but what Macbeth hadn’t realized was now Macduff had nothing to lose and every reason to destroy him.
The free will of Oedipus’ father, King Laius, to banish his son from his kingdom led to Oedipus killing him and marrying his own mother, allowing fate to play out. In Antigone, the deaths of many characters were due to their own choices. Haemon, son of Creon, makes the conscious decision to commit suicide in order to be with his loved one. Eurydice, wife of Creon, makes the decision to commit suicide when she hears her son has killed himself. Creon unknowingly put these events into play when he made the individual decision to outlaw the burial of Polynices.
The tragedy is filled with dramatic ironies due to Oedipus’ ambition in finding King Laius’s murderer. As Oedipus was addressing the people of Thebes about the consequences that will follow the murderer, “Be driven from every house, being, as he is, corruption itself to us”(Sophocles 227-228). The dramatic irony is that Oedipus is the murderer himself but he does not know it yet, so the proclamation that he said should be applied to him. Alternatively, Tiresias replied to Oedipus after he insulted him for being “sightless” and “ senseless” and said, “There is no one here who will not curse you soon, as you curse me.” Tiresias said this because even though he is blind he can still see the truth of who the true murderer is. Therefore soon the people of Thebes will start to cursing Oedipus once they find out he was the reason behind the
I decree that he be driven from every house, being, as he is, corruption itself to us: the Delphic Voice of Zeus has pronounced this revelation. Thus I associate myself with the oracle and take the side of the murdered king" (168.20-28). Oedipus is telling the people of Thebes not to accept the king 's murderer, when in truth they already have. Since he is the man he is looking for, it is impossible to tell if he will go through with his word and kill the true "murderer" as he says in his soliloquy. The sole credit that Sophocles had given Oedipus is when he begins to piece the different stories together.