Odysseus is portrayed as a handsome man in the Odyssey because during the Mycenaean and Homeric period men that had any trace of an athlete in them were considered to be good looking because of their masculinity, strength and toned bodies. Whereas in the Penelopiad, Odysseus is portrayed to be the opposite of that. Because Atwood has drawn from the information given in the Odyssey, there is not a clear picture drawn of Odysseus excluding the influence of society’s views during the time, so Atwood has portrayed Odysseus in a way that she sees him. In the 21st Century BCE most men whose strength is in throwing events, like Odysseus, are seen to be short and stocky which is what is seen of where Atwood draws Odysseus’ looks from.
Loyalty and faithfulness are traits expected of all mankind. They are virtues that embody the highest ideals of a modern day person. Even from the ancient Greeks, loyalty was demanded of human beings. However, back then, these traits were only expected from certain people. In Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey, the basic standards of loyalty and faithfulness are varied depending on the individual’s gender and relationships. Females are to devote their bodies, souls, and lives to their husbands, while males aren’t looked down upon if they do not return the same courtesy. Penelope is expected to stay celibate while Odysseus is not expected to reciprocate the same actions. Servants are also required to stay loyal to their masters even if they are
Penelope keeps Odysseus psychologically present by thinking about their past and hoping for his return. Constantly wanting to spend time with her missing husband, Penelope often finds herself worrying and thinking of Odysseus. One night in particular after crying over her spouse when the bard referenced her husband, “she withdrew to her own room . . . [and] fell asleep weeping for Odysseus, her beloved husband, till watchful Athena sealed her eyes with
“Greed is a bottomless pit which exhausts the person in an endless effort to satisfy the need without ever reaching satisfaction.” -Erich Fromm
In the epic poem The Odyssey, written by Homer, Odysseus’ heroic deeds are recounted through a narrative that describes his arduous journey from the Trojan War to his homeland of Ithaka. This journey makes Odysseus an epic hero. An epic hero is a brave and noble character who is admired for his achievements. Traits of an epic hero are necessary for the journey Odysseus goes on to reach his homeland. Loyalty is a trait exhibited when Odysseus jeopardizes his own life and goes to rescue his crewmen on Kirke’s island. Odysseus presents skillfulness when he plans to kill the suitors in a productive and quick way. Determination is displayed when Odysseus is on Kalypso’s island. He is so determined to get home and to escape Kalypso’s imprisonment that he says he would die rather than spend another moment on the island. Loyalty, cleverness, and
Odysseus is a leader that portrays both non-heroic and heroic traits throughout the story. These traits reflect his way of thinking and what actions he takes. These traits fluctuate from bravery to overconfidence. Nonetheless, the traits all contribute to the hero and as a result, they contribute to the story.
To start off, Odysseus deserves loyalty from his men because he comes up with good ideas. One of the good ideas Odysseus comes up with is when he decides to escape the cyclops cave by the herd of rams, Odysseus states, “Life at stake, monstrous death staring us in the face- till this plan struck my mind at best. That flock, those well-fed rams with their splendid thick fleece, handsome beasts
In Homer’s Odyssey, excellence, or arete, in the form of cunning and physical prowess displayed by Penelope and Telemachus, respectively, do not hinder, but aid and benefit the excellence of Odysseus. Telemachus uses his strength, inherited from his father, to help Odysseus in his slaughter of the suitors. Penelope’s sly idea to hold a contest for her admirers allows Odysseus to reveal himself and reclaim his home. In the Books of Samuel, Jonathan and Samuel are often overshadowed by David (despite being excellent on their own) because David rescued Israel from the corrupted king Saul. Samuel’s greatness in prophecy create issues for David when it’s taken away by his death. Jonathan’s death threatens David’s
In this Epic Poem, Homer displays the significance of women in a subtle yet impactful way. In The Odyssey, Circe, the sea which of Aiaia, exposes men’s fragility of succumbing to tempting women and thus revealing the power of a women’s touch. When Odysseus’s men sea the smoke coming out of Circe’s house they follow it and discover a beautiful singing voice which they think can only come from a goddess. She brings them in for a meal and fools them, turning them into pigs. Odysseus asks for strength and courage from the gods which they give him and he uses his potency against her. All of this shows the role Circe plays as a woman in this Epic Poem, essentially she symbolizes temptation, a destructible woman.
They both uphold the general values society places on their sexes, but through their hardships they are able to gain a fluidity in these roles not often given in their society. Odysseus was able to express emotion without undercutting his masculinity, and was able to appreciate his wife for more than her domestic accomplishments. While Penelope became a paradigm of fidelity, she also embodied inner-strength as she dealt with the turmoil of her missing husband, rowdy suitors, and the destruction of her kingdom; which allowed Odysseus to come to appreciate her ingenuity and his marriage in
The main character Odysseus in the Odyssey written by Homer is generally thought to be a great hero; however, he shows more traits of a quite flawed character on closer inspection. Around the beginning of Odysseus’ journey home after the war, Odysseus decides to take a detour to the home of a cyclops deciding to not listen to his men’s suggestions to leave while they still could; consequently, it does not end well: “Ah, how sound that was, Yet I refused. I wished to see the caveman, what he had to offer no pretty sight it turned out, for my friend” (9.130-132). This thought by Odysseus shows that he realized his decision to go to the mysterious island wasn’t the most rational one and that his men’s pleas to leave were the better option, but he decides to be stubborn and place his curiosity before his men’s safety resulting in a non-heroic
In an epic poem, The Odyssey, by Homer, Odysseus struggles to come back home while his wife, Penelope, faces barbarous suitors who plague her house to court her for the marriage in order to claim the kingship of Ithaca. With an absence of the man of the household and a son who is not old enough to rule over the country and handle the domestic complications, Penelope endeavors to keep the household orderly and civilized. In order to prevent further chaos in the household, Penelope maintains her role as the Queen of Ithaca and Odysseus’s wife through her loyalty and cunning.
Another similar terrible sin is not being loyal to your spouse. Thankfully, Odysseus was a faithful husband to his wife, Penelope. Homer agrees when he writes “But in my heart, I never gave consent” (Homer, 917). Even though goddess and immortals desired him, he always only loved and longed for Penelope because of his admirable loyalty. Moreover, the only reason Odysseus remained with Calypso for so long was because she forced him to. That is until Athena pleaded with her powerful father, Zeus, to help liberate him. Justifying my idea, Homer wrote “Though he fought shy of her and her desire, he lay with her each night, for she compelled him” (Homer, 914). If it were not for the hypnotic nymph’s compulsion, the righteous Odysseus would have been reunited with his love and queen years before. In addition to Calypso falling in love with Odysseus, so did the enchantress Circe, who also kept him on her island and away from his home. Homer states “Odysseus and his men beg Circe to help them return home” (Homer, 935). Although Odysseus was given two chances to stay with a beautiful woman and become immortal, his love for Penelope, never ceased. Odysseus maintained his loyalty to his beloved because Homer wanted Odysseus to have heroic traits to make him more appealing as a role model in
Odysseus is a man, who has been working on going home for twenty years. He is a leader of his men, and will never give up until he gets to his goal or going home to his family. He is faithful to all his men, and he never deceived them.
He turns against the kind Phaeacians, even though they put his treasure “clear/ of the road for fear some passerby might spot/ and steal Odysseus’ hoard” (XIII. 138-140). His time at sea has not changed him; it has only made him more paranoid. He is not just suspicious of helpful strangers, but even his own family. Athena berates him, “Anyone else, come back from wandering long and hard,/ would have hurried home at once, delighted to see/ his children and wife, Oh, but not you,/ it’s not your pleasure to probe for news of them--/ you must put your wife to the proof yourself!” (XIII.378-382). Odysseus puts himself and his desire for control over his own family, proving he does not consider them as a top priority. Similar to the situation with the Phaeacians, he wants to know he hasn’t been cheated and considers this above his own wife’s feelings. The added time when Penelope is unsure of her husband’s arrival only adds to her pain. He puts his own desires above his family. His wife is not the only one who is troubled by Odysseus’ selfish ways. Odysseus doesn’t even show his own father the respect he deserves. When Odysseus sees his father, he is “worn down with years” and “heart racked