According to Rogers, people need to feel, experience and behave in ways which are consistent with their self-image and which reflect what they would like to be like, their ideal-self (Saul McLeod 2014). The closer their self-image and ideal-self are to each other, the more consistent or congruent they are. For Carl Rogers, a person who has high self-worth has positive feelings and confidence about him or herself (Saul McLeod 2014). They confront challenges in life, accept failure and unhappiness at times, and is open with people. Rogers believed feelings of self-worth developed when interaction with others.
Utilitarianism is a popular type of consequentialism, rule utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism. Utilitarians think that happiness is the measure to judge the consequences, whether the action is right or wrong depends almost entirely on the good or bad consequences. Rule utilitarianism argues that if you obey the rules it will benefit the larger number of sentinel beings. more absolutist then relative, based on past experience. Rules generally promote the greater good, it is intended to guide us to make the best decisions for what needs to be done.
The systematic processing claims that the examination of a message has effort and carefulness and it can be affected by situational variables. The other heuristic processing is simpler as people use rules to create judgments. The last is called elaboration likelihood model. There are factors that make the receiver favorable or unfavorable towards a recommended position, first is the acceptance between both the receiver 's initial position and the recommended one. The second is the strength of a certain
Within the George Mead’s theory of Mind, Self and Society, he said that the self is made up of 2 components: the “me” represents expectations, attitudes and learnt behaviors of others in society. The individual’s defines their behavior depending on the generalized attitude of the social group(s) they occupy. The “me” is what prevents someone from breaking rules or crossing boundaries of society’s expectations. The “I” is the self-thinking, it is under your control and the response to “me”. (Aboulafia ,2016) The “I” would say that society says that I should behave like this, then so shall it be or I will rebel against that order by behaving differently.
The term "double contingency" was first discussed by Parsons in his work "Toward a General Theory of Action" (1951), defined as: The expectation is not defined “Being what I am, alter’s treatment of me must take one of the following alternatives” but “Depending on which of several alternatives open to me I take, I will set alter a problem to which he will react in terms of the alternative system of his own which is oriented to my action." (1951: 94) Meanwhile, according to Luhmann, "double contingency" denotes an autopoietic, autonomous, autocatalyst and reciprocal social process occurring between two individuals, which sounds more simply and broad. The first difference between Parsons and Luhmann lies at this point, that while Parsons said an action of A is chosen among his own "alternative system" and will "orient" B 's then vice versa, Luhmann, in contrast, believed that A has to firstly look at B 's action, then choose among the alternative one to perform. In the system, there are three characters presenting: the Ego, the Alter and the Alter Ego. The Ego and the Alter are two actors, the objects and subjects of the action, who observe and decide what to do among the options available.
Moreover, they are more likely to choose and conclude by their own interest and social value. After collecting ideas from others, ISFJs can make better decision or choose the best option by considering different kinds of the situation. Judging(J) type , ISFJ prefer routine, schedule, and systematic procedure. They like planning and prepare in order to have a better performance or result because it is in their schedule. When their life is managed, they feel more comfortable because they to control their life as possible as they can.
Integrity: Focusing on your integrity will greatly improve your confidence in relationships as well as help you build much stronger bonds. Integrity comes from having a firm sense of who you are, what you believe and what you stand for regardless of any familial or societal expectations which may have been placed upon you. • See yourself as an individual. It’s best if you learn to be on your own and feel self-reliant before establishing a relationship with another person. • Believe in your own value try to change your physical appearance, learn a new activity or take up a new sport, putting effort to boost your energy will help you to build confidence in a relationship.
For these reasons I am high on self-monitoring. The need for achievement, affiliation, and power are traits within the study of personality that OB researchers have recognized. These traits are somewhat self-explanatory. The need for achievement is the need to accomplish goals and meet one’s standards. The need for affiliation is the need to create and keep positive relations with others.
In the life it is essential, one should have a philosophical thinking because it gives guidelines for one to act correctly, it gives the tools for one to be "social" properly, it gives the basic patterns for one to think about oneself and ask about the world, it gives the basic "push" so one can develop emotional intelligence and can take an intellectual pursuit, and you can find the "truth" of all things, from a rational speculative approach, or to be able to simply realize that the "truth" does not exist. Philosophy has the virtue of thinking and thinks to itself. Critical thinking is also important because if one is carried away by prejudice and by the opinions of others unfounded, one will ever know anything. One person should reflect and draw their own conclusions or would end up believing everything others say, being the easiest person to fool and manipulate. One has to develop critical thinking to make their own decisions and not let others do it for one, to find meaning and essence of things to discuss, to connect the dots, and be
The article’s emphasis is on recognising how usable Herzberg’s two factor theory really is nowadays by surveying and analysing causes of satisfaction with regard to a single event, which is contribution of ideas by the employees in work suggestion scheme. This article doesn’t discuss other factors that possibly influence the survey carried out like social desirability and the tendency of respondents to answer in a way viewed approvingly by others. Herzberg’s theory is highly influential in organisational behaviour as it identifies and explores factors impacting motivation of staff in organisations. Hygiene factors satisfactoriness is crucial. Opportunities, developing abilities, job enrichment and gratitude are imperative for motivating staff and management should be well aware of