Acute deep vein thrombosis can be seen by pain and swelling. Usually acute deep vein thrombosis is occlusive where the clots already obstruct the blood flow. Chronic deep vein thrombosis can be label when there are no symptoms but it found by screening such as ultrasound doppler, CT Scan and blood
The episodes of numbness in the chin and lower lip and the sensations of prickling (pins and needles) at the right corner of her mouth are due to the alterations in the functions of somatic nervous system. Hypoesthesia is a state of loss or decreasing the capacity of sensation in general and skin in particular. The hypoesthesia is characterized by an insufficient response against the stimulus. Paresthesia is state where the individual felt a sensation of numbness or creeping. It usually occurs in the extremities of limbs and other parts of the body such as mandible or upper jaw.
The third group would involve a deep abrasion with loss of skin, subcutaneous cover and tendon substance. The fourth group involves a few features such as transepiphyseal plate fracture in children, hyperflexion injury with fracture of articulatng surface of less than half and hyperextension injury with fracture of articulating surface more than half along with early or late volar subluxation of the distal phalanx (Parvizi & Kim, 2010, p.286). Other signs and symptoms of mallet finger would be a pop or rip sensation felt in the affected finger during time of injury. Immediately after injury, pain can be felt when the injured finger is moved. The individual might also find passive movement of the finger possible but it is difficult to straighten the bent finger at the last joint with their own strength.
This can affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly during their foetal stage, but it can also affect adults. - Muscle hernia: these occurs when part of a muscle pushes through the abdomen. They can occur in leg muscles as a result of sport injuries. Hernia can occur in any part of the body, but they mostly develop in the areas of the body between the chest and hips. Some of the most common types are discussed
Palpation of the lumbar spine revealed hypertonic spasms along the lumbar paraspinal muscles bilaterally. Sensation is decreased to sharp at the thigh, foot at L4, L5, and S1 on the right. Lumbar spine range of motion is restricted due pain and stiffness on flexion, extension and left lateral bending. Straight leg raise is positive on the right. Range of motion of the left wrist is restricted on flexion and extension due to pain.
What are the symptoms of peripheral artery disease? Snippet: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition, in which a build-up of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) in the arteries leads to the narrowing of the peripheral arteries and reduce blood flow to the legs, stomach, arms, and head. According to statistics, both men and women are affected equally by this condition. However, the prevalence increases as one age. The characteristic symptoms of PAD include-fatigue, heaviness, tiredness, or painful cramping in your hip, thigh or calf muscles that occur after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.
Usually only one side of your body is affected” (2). There are several possible causes of sciatica, “the sciatic nerve may be injured because of a herniated (slipped) disc, dislocated hip, and osteoarthritis of the lumbosacral spine” (1). I personally experienced sciatic pain during one of my pregnancies which is common because of the increased, “pressure from the uterus during pregnancy”(1). References: 1. Tortora, G. & Derrickson, B.
Hind brain (Rhombincephalan) the hind brain contain the brain stem and the medulla oblongata (Myelencephalon) form by the anterior thickening of basal plate and posterior alar plate separated by sulcus in the fourth ventricle. The hind brain continues to form the spinal cord. As like cerebrum, cerebellum has fissured mass in the posterior cranial fossa attached with brain stem by three pairs of peduncles. From the base of the brain stem the 12 pairs of cranial nerves are arising. The motor nuclei of the IX, X, XI and XII cranial nerves line in the fourth ventricle is formed by the basal plate neurons.
Symptomatic patients presenting with a palpable volar swelling should be examined for variations in the palmaris longus. In an asymptomatic subject a hypertrophied muscle will obstruct and result in hazy interpretation of radiological assessment of this region. Difficulties in endoscopic procedure and electro myographic studies may also result from such a reversal
Ultrasound therapy has been shown to be effective in treating patients with subluxation in their shoulder. There is a decrease in pain and an increase in movement after patients have experienced the ultrasound therapy (Yavuz et al., 319). The study conducted by Kumar et al (2014), shows that the ultrasound therapy method has potential to prevent and manage glenohumeral subluxation in patients after a stroke as shoulder subluxation occurred less frequently after an ultrasound was conducted. Functional electrical stimulation has also been applied to patients with shoulder pain. FES has been applied to the supraspinatus and posterior deltoid muscles as these muscles affect shoulder subluxation (Somyung et al., 70).
Traction does not work for everyone though, but can relieve most symptoms. Cervical radiculopathy is a common diagnosis, based clinically on the purpose of neck pain extending into the arm accompanied by signs of nerve root compression during the physical examination. Cervical traction also helps decreasing foraminal compression and intradiscal pressures. In order to help with degenerative disc disease, traction should be part of a treatment and rehabilitation exercises such as stretching as many angles of the neck. Traction could be used for stabilization of the neck and improve neck alignment.
The patient mostly comes with pain at the sacrum region and radiates to the extension sciatic nerve. More symptoms can occur as: pain aggravates with activity, abnormal gain (antalegic gate), numbness of the leg, and pain if rising from squatting. The Piriformis muscle spasm may appears as a palpable mass in the buttock area (Chaitow L, 1998). The Prifiormis syndrome can lead to some complications as the swelling and the DVT due to the entrapment of the nerves and blood vessels (Bustamante & Houlton, 2001). The ROM of the hip showed normal muscle joint integrity where there was no limited movement due to Piriformis spam.
This may cause a stiff neck, tingling, numbness or pain. If physical therapy, corticosteroid injections and non-invasive treatments don’t work, patients with muscle spasms, radiating pain and numbness should consider a cervical discectomy. Neurosurgeon Plano TX: What is a Cervical Discectomy? A cervical discectomy
Genu Recurvatum, otherwise known as back knee, is hyperextension of the knee. Hyperextension of the knee occurs when the knee joint passes more than 180 degrees. When this happens, the knee can usually pass about 10 to 15 degrees more than the standard degree (Anonymous, 2015). Here, the femur bone leans on the anterior part of the tibia instead of being balanced out (Loudon, Goist, Loudon, 1998). This could cause damage to the soft tissue around it, and increased stress on the knees.
Often the professional activities and sports can affect the evolution of the disease. For instance, it is found frequently osteoarthritis of the shoulder, elbow and hand in those who are involved the use of jackhammers. In any case it is to be aware of other causes, such as the age, which entails a loss of elasticity and the onset of osteoporosis. There are some diseases that affect the endocrine system and which may be considered influential, such as diabetes mellitus and gout. Obesity is an important risk factor.