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“Viruses are microscopic parasites, generally much smaller than bacteria” (Live Science, 2018). They release DNA or RNA into the host cells to replicate themselves. Two prominent viruses that occur in Africa, Lassa and Zika, have caused significant loss of life. These viruses present themselves in very different ways and have different modes of transmission to humans with little to no medical treatments available.
This occurs due to wrong coding for the protein in haemoglobin which causes haemoglobin to not form properly. This anaemia is a recessive gene and when an individual is a carrier, it provides an advantage against malaria. Malaria is a life-threatening blood disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium that is transmitted to humans by an infected Anopheles mosquito through biting. Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease (MNT). Both sickle cell anaemia and malaria happen in Africa, South America and in some parts of Asia and the most deaths caused by the malarial
Evaluating antibiotic use and recurrent (Clostridium difficile infection) Risk among hospitalized patients with a history of clostridium difficile infection: Opportunities in Stewardship. In Open Forum Infectious Diseases (Vol. 3, No. suppl 1, p. 1038). Oxford University
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(n.d.). About Cystic Fibrosis. Retrieved from https://www.cff.org/What-is-CF/About-Cystic-Fibrosis/ Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. (n.d.) Diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis.
Web. • Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de. Materia Medica; Or, A Description Of Simple Medicines Generally Us 'd In Physick; Fully And Accurately Demonstrating Their Uses, Virtues, And Places Of Growth. AS Also, Their Operating And Acting Upon Human Bodies