After women won the vote, the leader of the National Woman’s Party believed that woman needed an amendment to stop all discrimination based on sex. It was introduced by Alice Paul in Congress in 1923 and then re-introduced in several different ways every year until 1971. In 1972, the ERA was finally passed the House and Senate. At that time, it was given 10 year extension. However, in 1973, Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade activated a strong anti-feminist movement that opposed the goal of feminists who supported abortion rights and the ERA.
University of Texas two prospective freshmen Abigail Fisher and Rachel Michalewicz sued the University of Texas because they failed to gain admission into the university. They girls claimed they were discriminated because of being white. Prior to the Fisher case, the number of minorities enrolling at University of Texas increased drastically. The reason behind such numbers is for the school to become “race-neutral” meaning to make the presence of minorities at the university equal. Before the Fisher case, in 1996, in HOPWOOD, the Fifth Circuit of Appeals ruled that the University of Texas could not use race as a factor for attaining diversity.
Title VI was a huge break point in giving minorities right to education as it protected “people from discrimination based on race, color or national origin in programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance” (“Education and Title VI”). The effectiveness of Title VI can be seen when it was challenged in the Gratz v. Bollinger supreme court case. The University of Michigan took into account that race or anyone qualified as a unrepresentative minority to be a factor in their acceptance. Jennifer Gratz, who applied to one of the University’s program in 1995, was denied admission due to her Caucasian descent. Gratz took her case to the supreme court and won since “the Equal Protection Clause prohibits any racial discrimination for the purposes of higher education admission” (“Gratz v.
Somewhere along the way Americans began supporting the idea that all students should go to College. Students get the idea by the time they are in middle school that they need College to be successful. There are so many loopholes around college as well as evidence showing that having a degree doesn’t mean person A makes more money than person B. College isn’t for everybody, and people can go get their 3 year degree only to find out that the whole experience wasn’t worth anything to them and now they have all their student debt to deal with. College, unfortunately, is very expensive; However, in America we have many options for students to pay for their education, almost all ways of paying tuition put students in debt.
The Great Society was a set of programs in the United States launched by President Lyndon B. Johnson, the main goal was the eliminate poverty and racial injustice. Over 60 programs were part of the Great Society which was based from Franklin D. Roosevelt 's New Deal (1933–1937). Lyndon B. Johnson became president after John F. Kennedy assassination (November 22, 1963, Dallas, TX) , under Johnson’s presidency he enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1964, War on Poverty, Voting Rights Act of 1965, Anti-Anti-Poverty Program, New GI Bill, Minimum Wage Increase, Food Stamp, Housing Act, Medicare, Child Nutrition, School Breakfasts, Environment Aid, and Elementary and Secondary Education Act ( No Child Left Behind revamped) The Civil Rights of 1964 and
Since the 43 billion dollars is being wasted on non-draftees, money that could be used on infrastructure, unemployment subsidies, and economic development is now being spent frivolously on ordinary students and adults in America. Overall, the military draft would redirect money away from wasted financial burdens, while it could be used on the encouragement of employment in the general
According to Senator Charles E. Schumer, Upfront Magazine, 2016,”...force our government to extend precious resources to deport millions.”What Senator Schumer is saying here is that the government will be wasting money and resources to deport eleven million people. Resources that could help the undocumented residents have an education, create a home, and help start a new life with their loved ones. Of course, some might argue that we will waste more resources with them being here. But this argument is false. The key point is that it will cost to much to deport them.
The most important part of the act was that “all persons shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of goods, services… without discrimination or segregation.” (Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title II). This act was by definition an attack on segregation and discrimination in southern states. This in itself would be enough to alienate southern voters. Yet Johnson pushed on with the Voter Act of 1965 which doubled down on Johnson’s pro civil rights stance by definitively stating “No voting qualifications or prerequisite to voting… shall be imposed, or applied, by any state or political subdivision to deny or abridge the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color.” (Law 89-110. Sec.
Juggling school and finding a source of income is a prominent issue amongst undergraduates, and it is one of the main reasons that excessive amounts of undergraduates are dropping out of community college. Of course, anything adding to the dropout rate is a serious issue and should be solved appropriately and quickly. Politicians and other important leaders in the United States of America are implementing laws and bills that will benefit undergraduates who are striving to pay for their education. Tugend writes, “Bills are pending in congressional committees to carry out President Obama’s America’s College Promise proposal to make community colleges free to responsible high school graduates.” These bills will drastically help college students who cannot afford to pay for their education. I believe rewarding optimal behavior of undergraduates will not only assist them in paying for college, but I also believe it will make them want to continue to perform well.
“An important pathway to the middle class now runs through higher education, but rising costs are making it harder and harder for ordinary Americans to get the education they want and need” ( Sanders). Many student who’s families can not easily afford the cost of college often do not further their education after high school. Students that know that their family struggles with money already don’t want to ask for more so that they can go to college. As the cost of college has been on the rise many have talked about wanting to provide students with a free college education. Many bring up that the states grant their students with free public education till they complete the twelfth grade.
These people think the immigrants may drop out of college, then the sponsors will lose the money they provided. Sponsoring Hope will provide a contract, including if the immigrant does not finish their schooling, then they will still be entitled to the money they owe and could be deported. “The best estimate is that in 2003–04, about a quarter of the nation 's 6.5 million degree-seeking community college students came from an immigrant background (Teranishi, Saurez-Orozco, Saurez-Orozco).” This research shows many immigrants are capable of learning challenging college information, but they are not always given the chance to try. Sponsoring Hope will be their chance. Moreover, these individuals have chosen to do whatever they can to come to America and receive an education, for them dropping out of college is not an option.
One factor comes from the result of an expanding higher educations system between 1945 and 1970. A time where whites were able to achieve higher education that ultimately helped them move up in social class while depriving those of color with the same opportunity (Kelsey, 10/05/15). Another aspect that may have kept these two communities segregated was redlining. Through “redlining,” cities were divided into districts of Black/Latino/Asian neighborhoods that were “redlined” as “economically unsound” areas for investment and the residents could not get housing loans making it harder to pay off their mortgages (Kelsey, 9/28/15). Lastly, “restrictive covenants,” prohibited the sale of hosing to people of color in the suburbs (Fischer et al.