A public health student has an obligation to study community health. This is important for the following reasons: need to acquire important knowledge, competencies, and skills to promote and protect the health of communities and populations by understanding and applying community approaches, an appreciation of culture, economics, politics, and psychosocial problems as determinants of health and illness. The core competencies in public health. (ANA 2007) Analytic assessment skills represent an important domain of public health worker competencies utilized when applying community participatory health promotion strategies. Public health worker should develop analytic assessment skills to pursue health promotion and prevention in partnership with
In 2008 world health assembly the director general of world health organization have mention that “the return to primary health care as an approach for strengthening health systems in order to ensure adequate access to health services (Chan, 2008).” However, to implement the primary health care approach the government and other sectors need to work in hand to and with each other. The community needs to give good commitment to the primary healthcare officers in the community or the people who are responsible for implement this approach. The primary health care approach is a important approach set by the World health organization in order to increase the health and well been of the world communities. On the other hand it’s important to evaluate and monitor the system in order to check whether the basic principles of primary health care system is followed in the community as per as the Alma- Ata declaration so that the obstacles faced can be
Paradigms are put together to assist in identifying areas in which the individual or group must improve for example, to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment.  Therefore, health is seen as a resource for everyday life. One paradigm that outlines an approach to achieve complete health from a holistic, ecological and salutogenic health perspective is the Red Lotus Model. It is distinct from other health promotion models in that it incorporates a system of values and principles that is applied across the phases of health promotion, including needs assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation.  This paradigm is useful as it enables practitioners to proactively and purposefully put into action a connected system of values and principles across the phases of a health promotion process.
Task 2 7 / C.P6: Compare the influence of different health and safety laws or policies on health and social care practice in a selected setting There are several different health and safety laws and policies that vary between settings in health and social care aimed towards different legislations that must be followed, and have resulted in improvements in health and social care practice. It is important that these legislations are followed by service providers in order for them to promote safe practice and to fully understand their responsibilities under these legislations. Some of the legislations include the Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974, the Data Protection Act 1998, the Care Act 2014, the Care Standards Act 2000 and the Equality Act 2010. The Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974 aims to ensure the health, safety and welfare to all individuals in the workplace and reducing the risk of accidents, illness, injuries and malpractice. This can include the administration, handling, storage and record of dangerous substances and the training of staff in these areas as well as in handling safety equipment to ensure health and safety.
Principles of care This module will give you a clear outline of the values, theories and policies that underline health and social care practice and the mechanisms that exist to promote good practice. Within the module it will be exploring care relationships and the importance of power within the health and social care sector. Looking at the importance of promoting the right of individuals, including dignity, confidentiality, respect and choice. You will also consider the importance of policies and procedures in relation to protection of vulnerable people and upholding people’s rights, this will be linked with case studies and class discussion, to aid understanding of the application to health and social care practice. The principles
A leader must possess strong leadership skills, have a full understanding of change models, and understand which model best fits the problem. There are different models for change, but all have similar components as that of the nursing process (a) assessment, (b) planning, (c) implementation, and (d) evaluation. The model used by a leader should reflect the problem and the type of change required. Lewin's change model is beneficial for projects that are small and do not require input from the upper administration (Mitchell, 2013). Also, the Lewin’s model is designed to assist with determining those behaviors that can impede and drive change (Sutherland, 2013).
Thus, public health approach is to deal with all the determinants of health which requires multi sectoral collaboration and inter disciplinary coordination. Health care includes medical care and care of the determinants of health (this collective approach will help to improve the health of the community).Public Health approach is a holistic approach which encompasses all elements required for healthy living. It controls disease through health promotion, specific protection and by restoration and rehabilitation. In addition, disease surveillance which informs about ongoing as well as emerging public health issues is a core public health function. Other important functions are developing partnerships, formulation of regulations/laws, planning/policies and Human Resource Development.
The HIPAA code of ethics is designed to serve several purposes with the aim of promoting high health information management practice, identify core values for the basis of the health information management mission, providing a summary of broad ethical principle that reflects the core values of the health information management (Davis & LaCour, 2014). Besides, it establishes a set of ethical principles which essential in the decision are making process. It also establishes an operational framework which guides professional behavior and responsibilities in case of conflicts of professional behaviors or when there are uncertainties in ethical behaviors. Besides, it provides ethical principles which enable the public to hold health information professionals into account, mentor practitioners who are new to the field of human information mission, values as well as ethical
Health Management Information System (HMIS) is a process of collection, processing, and reporting the relevant information to health care providers and managers for effective and efficient planning and service delivery. It is one of the critical elements of managing, in an integrated fashion, various public health programmes under the department of Health. Properly organized, implemented and used HMIS can alone contribute very significantly to improve program delivery and thus the outcome. Thus accurate, relevant and up-to-date information is essential for the health service providers /manager at all levels so that they can initiate action on the gaps in the system based on evidence and information. Conventionally, information from Sub-centers
In 2011, the Health service executive released a health promotion strategy framework which commits to improving and promoting the health of the population. This framework is an essential part of the healthcare process as it will empower healthcare professional to deliver holistic patient centred care. Ultimately, the goal of the healthcare professional is to inspire patients to have control over and improve their overall health (The Ottawa Charter, 1986). Nurses play a vital role within this process as they are in a “unique position to not only accommodate change, but to also help patients endure the path to change (Dart, 2010). In order for nurses to help change a patient’s perspective of their lifestyle, they must incorporate the use of motivational interviewing into their practice.