Each of the assessment tools is objective and attempts to assess and evaluate behavior. MBTI tool can be used within the general population as well as among individuals with psychiatric symptoms to assess their personality types. Compared to other assessment tools like the MMPI-2 and interviews that do not involve personality type, the MBTI manual according to Jung has little information regarding diverse populations and cultural issues but still regards typology to be consistent among diverse populations (Myers and McCaulley, 1985). Since Jung’s theory is universal in nature, MBTI can be applied using different languages and on different cultures. However, some studies have argued that while psychological type is universal, preferences might differ across diverse cultures.
The key limitations of the psychiatric classification system are the system does not explain the causes of mental ill health, it can categorise into incorrect boxes, it does not include ‘atypical’ systems,
Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 2(4), i-109. Greene, E., & Heilbrun, K. (2011). Wrightsmans psychology and the legal system (7th ed.). 20 Davis Drive Belmont, CA 94002 USA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Thompson-Cannino, J., Cotton, R., & Torneo, E. (2010).
The legal guideline aims to remind psychologists about their primary obligations as well as rational “precautions to respect the confidentiality rights of those with whom they work or consult, recognizing that confidentiality may be established by law, institutional rules, or professional or scientific relationships.” Maintaining privacy and confidentiality of the defendant facilitate their openness assisting them to recall and relate “pertinent facts and events, including his motives and actions at the time of the offense, and be able to testify in his behalf and to challenge prosecution witnesses.”
In the episode of Law and Order: Special Victim Unit season nine episode one, there was a case which a woman had multiple personality disorder. But what you do not know from first watching the show until the end, is that she was faking it the entire time. The police’s psychotherapist say that is very hard to properly diagnose this disorder. The events that lead to Janice Donovan “diagnosis” of multiple personality disorder was years of childhood sexual abuse by their father as well as witnessing it happen to her sister as well.
I found this test interesting. This test measures self-report, which is gathering information about people by asking them questions about a sample of their behavior. This test was suppose to measure specific sorts of psychological difficulties, but it predicts a variety of other behaviors. It can measure if college students will marry within ten years of graduating. It can also measure if a police officer will use his weapon (p. 410).
The Colorado study demonstrated the psychological effects that caused both, sane and mentally ill inmates, to demonstrate hallucination and outburst by confining them in solitary confinement. However, because of deinstitutionalizing, there has not been a concise way of dealing with mentally ill offenders. There has not been programs that have been effective in helping and treating the problem. The problem has been dealt with incarcerating instead of treating, and that is the real problem.
Forensic anthropology is the branch of anthropology which deals with the recovery of remains as well as the identification of skeletal remains which involve detail knowledge of osteology (skeletal anatomy and biology). In other words, forensic anthropology is the application of anthropological knowledge and techniques in the identification of human remains in medico-legal and humanitarian context. Forensic anthropology includes the identification of skeletal, decomposed or unidentified human remains. Forensic anthropology may also help determine the age, sex, stature and unique features of deceased from their remains. Personal identification is one of the main aspects of medico-legal and criminal investigations. Identification is important when unknown, fragmentary, burned or decomposed remains are recovered. This becomes more important especially in cases of major mass disasters where numbers of individuals are involved. Personal identification in broad terms includes estimation of age, sex, stature, and ethnicity. These estimations can be done by using various scientific techniques which can narrow down the range of individuals from the pool of possible victims or criminals (Nafte, 2009).
As a type of defenses of excuse that completely exonerates a defendant from conviction, insanity defense argues that defendant is not responsible for their actions due to the presence of psychiatric disorders that influence the normal functions of judgment and cognition. However, the prerequisite of the insanity defense, the insanity is hard to prove in criminal cases because the definition of psychiatric disorders is tricky, elusive and vague. To prevent its abuse, the successful exoneration based on the insanity defense is rare. In this paper, I would discuss what makes the insanity defense tricky and the debate between the legal definition and psychological definition of insanity, and I would also discuss the evaluation methods for the
In summary, mental illnesses are induced by a chemical imbalance of the brain; they range from depression to borderline personality disorder to schizophrenia, and without proper treatments, they could result in abnormal behaviors including criminal tendencies, violent outbursts, and sudden mood swings. Mental health is a topic which is often stationed on the back burner. In fact, many mentally ill people are not diagnosed or treated because mental health is not a part of the standard educational system. Police officers are inadequately equipped with the knowledge of how to deal with the mentally ill, and dozens of cases have been in the news of police not knowing how to react to their erratic actions (Times).
Mental illness and criminology: a review of related literature Aja Ferguson Chaminade University CJ 605 Dr. Allen 3/18/2017 I. INTRODUCTION Mental illness and criminology are two fields that continue to generate interest among researchers. One of the reasons that explain the consistent interest of scholars is the presence of a vast, unexplored territory where there is a dearth in available and updated information related to mental illness and criminology. Even though the study of the mentally ill and the criminal are two different spheres, it is not uncommon that individuals became criminals because they are mentally ill, just like it is not new to discover criminals in prison to develop
As a digital forensic investigator, I was assigned to a case where my expertise where needed. My role in the investigation was to search the suspects digital evidence to help find more helpful information and advance the case. Overall my job as a digital forensic investigator was to recover and analyse the digital evidence so that it could be used in the criminal prosecution.