MOHO: The Model Of Human Occupation

986 Words4 Pages
The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) was the first occupation-focused model to be introduced in the profession developed by G. Kielhofner, J. Burke and M. Reilly in 1980. The Person-Environment-Occupation-Performance (PEOP) model began its development in 1985 by Baum, C.M and Christiansen, C.H, and was first published in 1991. In this article, these two model will be compared from each other. A model is based on its basic assumptions. In the MOHO model, it is believed that a human being is a dynamic system which involves inputs and outputs. In the PEOP model, it is an ecological approach that believe occupational performance is a consequence of interaction between people, occupations and environmental context. Considering the structures of…show more content…
It is purposeful and extend over time. With this consideration. Though they have implemented different levels of occupation engagement reflecting the increasing level of time and complexity, they have their own descriptions. In the MOHO model, doing of occupation can be examined at different levels: skill, occupational performance, occupation participation and occupational adaption. These increasing and progressing levels can assess the doing itself and what consequences it has over time. A skill is a discrete purposeful action we carry out. Occupational performance involve a number of skills and action which are purposeful. Occupational participation refers to the participation in occupations that are part of one’s social and cultural context. Occupational adaptation is contributed by the positive occupational identity and occupational competence. In the PEOP model, there is an occupation hierarchy describing the increasing level of occupational engagement. The basic unit of this occupational hierarchy can be known as action. Tasks are the second level that action comes along with purposes. Tasks are supported by a series of skills. The third level is called occupations. Occupations are the parts of goal-oriented behaviours that include a number of related task performed over time. These level of occupational engagement contribute to…show more content…
As a client-centred model, the first step is to gather information of client’s occupational history, the perception of current situation, client’s immediate and long-term goals. This step can help practitioners meet between client’s goals and occupational therapy. If there is a match, assessments on the client’s enablers and barriers will be carried out, with the considerations on the person, environment, occupation and performance that are also the main components of the model. Practitioners do this with observational assessments and self-reports. With the information gathered and assessments on client’s capacities and constraints, practitioners will construct a client-centred plan, which help client understand what he/she can do, as well as issues included in helping to achieve client’s immediate and long-term goals. What’s next is the implementations of interventions. These interventions should be aimed on improving the personal factors like remediating or restoring body functions, and modify the environmental context like removing societal barriers and modifying housing environment, in order to improve occupational performance. The similar application can also be done on organisational

More about MOHO: The Model Of Human Occupation

Open Document