MOHO Model

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The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) was the first occupation-focused model to be introduced in the profession developed by G. Kielhofner, J. Burke and M. Reilly in 1980. The Person-Environment-Occupation-Performance (PEOP) model began its development in 1985 by Baum, C.M and Christiansen, C.H, and was first published in 1991. In this article, these two model will be compared from each other. A model is based on its basic assumptions. In the MOHO model, it is believed that a human being is a dynamic system which involves inputs and outputs. In the PEOP model, it is an ecological approach that believe occupational performance is a consequence of interaction between people, occupations and environmental context. Considering the structures of…show more content…
The environmental factors are inseparable from personal factors, and they influence each other. In the PEOP model, environmental factor refers to social supports, social and economic system, cultures and values, built environment and technology and natural environment. Unlike the one in the MOHO model, environmental factors do affect some of the personal factors, but personal factors has not effects on environmental factors. As the ecological approach of the model, occupational performance runs on the context of environment that can facilitate or deter the doing of…show more content…
As a client-centred model, the first step is to gather information of client’s occupational history, the perception of current situation, client’s immediate and long-term goals. This step can help practitioners meet between client’s goals and occupational therapy. If there is a match, assessments on the client’s enablers and barriers will be carried out, with the considerations on the person, environment, occupation and performance that are also the main components of the model. Practitioners do this with observational assessments and self-reports. With the information gathered and assessments on client’s capacities and constraints, practitioners will construct a client-centred plan, which help client understand what he/she can do, as well as issues included in helping to achieve client’s immediate and long-term goals. What’s next is the implementations of interventions. These interventions should be aimed on improving the personal factors like remediating or restoring body functions, and modify the environmental context like removing societal barriers and modifying housing environment, in order to improve occupational performance. The similar application can also be done on organisational
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