Cultural tourism is deemed as one of the most important forms in the tourism industry and UNWTO predicts that it will become one of its main forms of focus by 2020 (Niemczyk, 2013). The council of Europe has actively developed cultural tourism to support culture. The record of protected monuments in the European Union (EU) and that of buildings of historical interest in European Commission indicated that the development of cultural tourisms underscore the increasing critical position of culture and cultural attractions in modern society (Greg Richards, 2007). Urry (1990) pointed out that culture has discontinued to be the purpose of tourism in the 20th century; however, tourism is culture. Some attractions such as the Pyramids, Taj Mahal and
Modernism was affected by the industrial revolution and brought about industrialization on humanity. Our society changed greatly during the period of the 19th century, and by World War I it must have seemed like the world was a truly horrifying, pretty hopeless place. Some divide the 20th Century into movements appointed Modernism and Postmodernism, whereas others see them as two things of the same movement. The first half of the nineteenth century for Europe had a number of wars and revolutions, which reveal the rise of the ideas now known as
Modernism is the positive rejection of the past and the blind belief in the process of change. It is more than just a time period, or a particular geographical happening. It is something grander and more strange than that, irreducible to singular coordinates. It is the story of human growth, with its continual changes in form and meaning. And it is a story of acceleration.
Yack then identifies four categories in which the qualities of modernity can be described. These categories are the philosophic, sociological, political and aesthetic aspects of modernity. Using these categories Yack identifies qualities that can be associated with the subjective definition of modernity: philosophically it includes ways of thought that “break with tradition and received authority” (Yack 1997:32), sociologically it involves “new forms of association created by capitalism and industrial society and the break with traditional authorities and customs” (Yack 1997:33), politically “the replacement of religious and aristocratic political hierarchies with more egalitarian and democratic forms” (Yack 1997:33) is incorporated, and aesthetically includes styles which identify with the “constantly shifting conditions of modern existence, rather than in eternal forms” (Yack
Jimena Cueto How did Modernism affect architecture and its development in Europe? Analysis Modernism began affecting the architectural development in Europe since de 1900’s. Modern architecture was created by society to express their thoughts and beliefs of the world’s situation. For instance, in the beginning the architectural style was affected by the consequences of World War 1. At that time this movement worked as a distraction for the people, as a distraction that would help them forget their economic, social, and political situation; an approach to modern art, politics, science, and life.
Modernist movement is a change in art and architecture during late 19’s and early 20’s. Modernism, in general, includes the activities and creations of those who felt the traditional forms of art, architecture, literature, and activities of daily life were becoming outdated in the new economic, social, and political environment of an emerging fully industrialised The first characteristic associated with modernism is nihilism, the rejection of all religious and moral principles as the only means of obtaining social progress. In other words, the modernists rejected the morals of the society in which they were living in. The reason that they did so was because there was a great majority of them who didn’t believe in the existance of god,
Indeed, some see it not as a separate movement, but simply as a continuation of the modernist struggle. There has been a constant struggle in the society for establishing the belief that the coming age would be better than what we are living today .This struggle has reached it next level in the modern times .Not only because of the advent of industrial development and enlightenment (as in renaissance ) and the development in the approach of post modern thinkers but also because of the ideas of the pre modern precursors of ours that have left us with so much of knowledge and history to learn from that we can any day create for ourselves an ideal post modern state . Whereas modernism is associated with unquestionable truth, postmodernism questions power bases and emotionally manifested ideas behind what is called truth. The word “post
It can be said that Modernism was a state of mind that questioned all artistic, scientific, social, and moral conventions. The devastation of World War I was the catalyst of the Modernist movement. The optimism that was felt prior to the war was gone and there was a sense of despair for many. By the 1900’s, the world was bustling as it had been transformed new discoveries and technological advances. Along with changes in technology came several philosophers who would change the way that modern man perceives the world.
There is however, no clear margin by date. To be modern is to find ourselves in an environment that promises us adventure, power, joy, growth, transformation of ourselves and the world and, at the same time, that make threat to destroy everything we have, everything we know, everything we are. Modernity, to borrow a term from Husserl, is a form of time to regard it expresses a specific relation to time, where the sense of being modern is predicated on a concept of the “now” as breaking free from the bonds of tradition. it refers to a certain consciousness of time, a sense of newness about the present, modernity demonstrate a
However, post-tourists avoid „must-see“ tourist spaces, having been fed-up with their media over-representation. Urry (1990) developed the concept by interpreting post-tourism as a quest for sensations pertaining to extraordinary life that is different from the everyday life. Extraordinary experiences might not neccessary involve a criterion of authenticity, sometimes all that it takes are pure fun and