An understanding of the history and origins of politics helps us to understand how there can be so many different definitions and understandings of politics around the globe. As we are about to discuss what politics should be, it is important to note the philosophical thoughts of
The Thomas Hobbes and Machiavelli ideas and perspectives helped to produced the custom or tradition of political realism. Both Thomas Hobbes and Machiavelli in their writing were tackling morality and self-interest from different views. Hobbes was a researcher, whose point was to put governmental issues onto an investigative balance; he as a result employed a strict coherent way to deal with his work. Interestingly, Machiavelli personality were mainly active; he worked, principally, as a common worker of the Florentine Republic. In this research I will explain the different ways, which they used and how the difference they made has made the comparative views of human nature.
Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government itself, why it is needed, what makes a government legitimate, the freedom of its underman, duties of both government and citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.
The second type of political power struggle is around the persuasion, such as commerce, culture and education. The question about the political struggle should be addressed either by the political force or persuasion is always discussed by many scholars from different disciplines. This essay argues that the political power should be properly understood as a matter that involving both force and persuasion; the political power is composed of soft power and hard power. The essay attempt to explore the relationship between the force and persuasion in the political struggle from the perspective of international relation. In the first part, the essay will attempt to form a theoretical framework based on the theory of Machiavelli, and Locke; the essay will
The prudence can only be reasonable in a system of balance of power because this balance should be maintained by great powers. So, when it comes to the question of morality and prudence, Waltz is ambiguous. On the one side, he argues that this result in the clash of order and survival. On the other, it leads to the discussion about what people are willing to and should fight for. The moral element was always there but with entering the nuclear era it becomes more
Among the famous philosophers and political theorists, both Niccolò Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes find recognition as the brightest representatives of their eras. It might be said that Machiavelli started a new phase in the development of political science shifting from the ancient idealistic approach to politics to the realistic approach of the modernity. In his work The Prince, the author develops an argument concerning the immorality of the politics and the political power while focusing on the image of a successful ruler. In contrast to this, Hobbes is concerned about the need for establishing of the social order and, in his Leviathan, he explains this idea through the theory of social contract between the people and the government. While
Van Dijk (1993b) affirms that Critical-Political Discourse Analysis clarifies “the reproduction of political power, power abuse or domination through political discourse, including the various forms of resistance or counter-power against such forms of discursive dominance (p.11). Consequently, social and political bias results from this domination. Van Dijk (1997) points out that political discourse is the discourse of politicians and it is about such politics. He also outlines his definition of political discourse and its many sub-genres as follows: 1) It is a class of genres defined by a social domain, namely politics. He delimits the political properties that differentiate political discourse from other forms of discourse, such as political field, political system, political ideologies, political institutions, political organizations, political groups, political actors, and political process.
The development of thought led to the condition of the political science being a multidiscipline rooted in philosophy and theory. Despite the fact that conflicts arise, political philosophy with its revival continuously characterize an aspect of political science being value-laden. Political philosophy might have been disregarded for its conception of reflection as well as the values and even questioned for its relevance in the field. However, it is for a fact that in order for a discipline to grow, it must look back to its origin in order to find its identity and true essence. The study of politics characterized by changing theories and methods as well as the existence of political philosophy as its bedrock serves as a reminder that political science is a field not limited to the ideal conception rather, the field seeks to tackle the ideal and provide practical methods and knowledge to obtain the definition of the
Political science is the systematic study of the state, nation, government and its public policies. It deals with the theory and practices of politics and analyses the political systems, processes and behaviour. It is also concerned in addressing some of the core problems faced by the society at large such as in achieving world peace or at a more national level, how to achieve and sustain economic growth and stability. Why is political science important? Political science is important because political science is about people.
What caused the progression of political philosophy are the different events and experiences which shaped the kind of political discipline we have now, but still traces its roots to political philosophy. The study of politics has evolved because of different events adding to the development of the discipline. The methods and approaches used by political philosophers reflect the general philosophical tendencies of their period in history. In the beginning, political philosophy was the sole basis of the study of politics because it provides wisdom. As knowledge advanced and different events occurred, political philosophy and political science diverged further and further from each other, bringing us to the situation today.