Q5: What might Machiavelli’s prince have in common with Castiglione’s courtier? Both suggest that a leader must be active and eschew laziness and idleness. Castiglione writes that the courtier who is not perfectly endowed can, with ‘study and toil’, polish his natural defects.
Machiavelli noticed that princes that always honor their word are praised, however, princes that succeeded are those that gave their word lightly and knew how to trich men. This goes back to the topic of loyalty and how human nature influences politics. Machiavelli expressed that a ruler must learn to fight with both force and law, being half man and half beast. By doing this, a prince would know how to respond accordingly to his subjects. Machiavelli again describes man as “wretched creatures who would not keep their promises to [the prince], [so he does] not need to keep [his] word to them.”
Great question! I get the impression that Bacon was a spoiled brat who wanted to become powerful and rich. It appears that he wanted to increase his wealth with more land and the only way he could acquire this land was to eradicate the Indians. I assume that he resented the fact that Berkeley never fully accepted him into the elite inner circle. Bacon decided the way to gain power and to change the laws for his own advantage was to remove Berkeley and his supporters.
This is one of the ways that the Magna Carta prevents the king from abusing his power. The idea of the Magna Carta led to the creation of Parliament, which was institutionalized as another way to restrict the king’s power when King Edward I needed to raise taxes to fund his wars. (Sherman, 258) This consisted of nobles giving advice to the king regarding things such as taxes. They required that the king must have this council to make sure that he did not do anything that could potentially harm his
The specific reason that Michiavelli might have had to create "The Prince" are unknown. Some theorize that he wrote out of resentment after being banished from holding political office. Where he may have written for resentment he may also have written to impress his superiors in a desire to gain reinstatement. Uncertain of his intentions, the possibility that the book was written to retain face value and document what Michavelli believed to be the "wickedness" of man.
Bossuet taught that royal power is absolute, and the will of the people is united in the king. He stated that “without his absolute authority, the king could neither do good, nor prevent evil.” This showed that Bossuet believed that the absolute power of the king led to the well-being of his subjects (D-2). Similarly, much of Machiavelli’s beliefs coincided with Bossuet’s teachings. In his book, The Prince, Machiavelli offered his opinion on how an effective ruler should govern over his or her subjects.
The use of lying and deception in politics is moral, because they are essential tools utilized by politicians to maintain the overall wellbeing of the society. There are numerous examples of politicians lying and deceiving to maintain the well-being of the public. For example, Abraham Lincoln, a president beloved by the American people, stated to the public that he “didn't believe in political equality for slaves because he didn't want to get too far ahead of public opinion.” Although he despised slavery, it was necessary for him, as the leader of the Union, to lie in order to maintain the support of the four
According to Machiavellian, concerning the secretaries of a prince, it is significant for a prince to be careful to select a servant because the servant represent a prince. The loyal servant will represent an image of a good prince, but disloyal will represent an image of incomplete prince. The servant must have less thinking about personal than the rules, if not, he can never be a good servant. Also a characteristic of Machiavellian will have scheming plan, and be cunning. Claudius had done terribly and graceless, which make him the archetypal as Machiavellian character.
According to Hobbes, in the nature of man, we find three principal causes of discord: first, competition, second, distrust and third, glory (185). I have already clarified the correlation of competition and distrust in the previous paragraph, now I will describe how come glory makes people’s lives insecure in the State of Nature. People are naturally self-centered creatures, who expect some respect from others in order to gain this or another kind of glory or reputation. When there is no authority to regulate people, glory is the tool of gaining more power and, thus, it creates at least some sort of security from other people. For instance, people known for their strength and cruelty will not be easily attacked by other people out of fear of being severely punished.
In the book, Machiavelli believes in the idea of having a strong dominant leader, in order to preserve the benefits to the citizens as a group instead of individually. This strategy clearly shows in chapter seventeen where Machiavelli points out that every prince would prefer to be loved than to be feared. However, the two rarely co-existed. If one had to choose, it is not only better to be feared than to be loved but it is also much “safer” looking at it realistically. By safer, it means that you will not have to worry and watch out as much since people will be less likely to conspire against someone they fear than someone they love.
How does a comparison of Machiavelli’s The Prince and Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar reflect the way their particular social, cultural and historical context can influence their choice of language, forms and features and the ideas, values and attitudes? Through a comparison, the historical, cultural and social context of literature are reflected through a writer’s language forms and features, highlighting the relevance of the ideas, values and attitudes of their time. As made evident throughout the Renaissance with Niccolo Machiavelli’s ‘The Prince,” which reveals itself to be a political guide on gaining and ruling a kingdom for Lorenzo De Medici, a potential candidate for leadership of Italy. Similarly, in William Shakespeare’s ‘Julius Caesar,’