Barbarossa, the Holy Roman Emperor raised 100,000 knights and infantry by himself, Philip II gathered 2,000 troops and from Richard I 6,000 .The fact that these monarchs individually raised such extensive numbers supports Tyerman’s observation that it was indeed the “leadership of monarchs” that strengthened the crusading forces. However, there were monarchs in the previous Crusades who succeeded in creating vast forces, this illustrates that this could be down to the evolution of crusading that encouraged more people to take up the cross, rather than fall of Jerusalem being a ‘turning point’. Furthermore, leadership continued to develop after the fall of Jerusalem signifying that Jerusalem itself was not a key turning point to the nature of crusading. This can be shown with the Fourth Crusade which had appointed a leader before they got to the Holy Land, this is different when comparing Raymond and Bohemund who arrived at the Levant who then assumed control, this is further illustrated with Richard in the Third Crusade. This eradicated the threat of a lack of control over the Crusaders and added to the competence of the
Israel Galindo in Chapter 5 of his book The Hidden Lives of Congregations discusses how size shapes congregational relationships, leadership functions and congregational forces. I agree with him that the size of a church is not indicative of its ability to be the “Church”. I also agree that in the United States we have bought into the hype that “bigger is better”. In the metropolitan area of Washington, DC there are several mega churches with membership in the thousands of persons. One cannot say that these churches are not doing ministry.
Through research we can see that what makes French culture is the combination of religion, values, economy, politics, and military. The main religion found in France is Catholicism, where 64 percent of the French population identify as Roman Catholic. However, there are a large number of other religions found within France to include Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Mormonism to name just a few. The most astonishing aspect of religion in France is that “….about half of the population is not religious or atheist — despite the fact that it is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western secularism.” (4). With such a variety of beliefs found within a country, the values that
• Catholic crusaders sacrificed their lives to Christianity • Catholics were hugely influenced and dominated by the Church, this caused them to practice Christianity more often, it was not usual for Catholics to pray 5 times a day • Many people 's daily jobs were run by Church officials • Catholics payed 10% of their wage to the Catholic Church, decreasing their prosperity • Serfs and pilgrims were given freedom by going on the Crusades • By the fourteenth century the Crusades had become an essential part of every Catholic noble knight 's career • As a result of the Muslims, Christians were able to access texts, like the Aristotle, so the Muslims clearly passed on an intellectual heritage • The political system was changed from
The Quiet Revolution acted as the first major movement of secularization in Quebec and initiated a time of separation away from the church. Prior to the late 1950s, Quebec had been one of the most devoted areas in the world to Catholicism with high Church attendance and an educational system that was religious-based. “The 1950s saw the peak of Catholicism’s popularity in Quebec with over 8,000 priests and a 50,000 member religious community” A daily presence in the lives of Quebecers, Roman Catholic ideals began to shortfall with the Quiet Revolution. Though the majority of Quebecers still defined themselves as Roman Catholics, church attendance decreased dramatically throughout the 1960s. In efforts to combat this church decrease, the Catholic
In Diaz’s Narration, the use of Spanish has a purpose, it shows or reveals in certain degree hints of the traditions of Latin America and the Caribbean. Taking as an example “Fiesta 1980”, Diaz uses a lot the expression “Dios mio”, “Bendición”, “Que Dios te bendiga” (Meyer 172) reflecting the religiosity of the Dominicans since 68.9 percent of the population declare to have Roman Catholic as their religion (Buffington). This shows that most of the population is devoted to a Christian religion and that represents a big part of their beliefs and traditions and even though the narration is in English these words are in Spanish to emphasize the meaning that they had for them. This is a clear example of a mix of cultures through the language. Other words that are not translated into English are “Pastelito”, “Tostones”, “Chicharrones”, “Sancocho”, “Pernil” (Meyer 175-77), these are traditional foods of Dominican people and since they have a big meaning for their culture they remain in Spanish.
As the best-selling and most widely distributed non-fiction book in the world , the Bible still remains as a controversy today. Highly regarded by Christians from all over the place, the Bible, a collection of God’s holy words, covers centuries of history over hundreds of subjects. The Bible is a compile of 66 books which was written over a span of 1600 years by 40 different authors whose occupations varied from fishermen to physicians. People often seek the Bible to learn the truth of God’s words.It has been translated into more languages than any other book and it was the first book published with moveable type. However, skepticism is highly inevitable for some people when it comes to the concern of its validity.
Most of Canada is bilingual and has many religions. Most of the population of Canada is Christian, but as the population becomes increasingly diverse, many more religions and cultures will continue to spread making Canada one of the most diverse places in the world. People in my neighbourhood’s median age is 39.6 while more generally in Canada it is 40.6. These numbers are very close together so I think that there are a lot of middle aged people in my neighbourhood more than elders and youths. The land area of my neighbourhood is very small compared to the land area of Canada which is one of the main differences of the demographic characteristics of my neighbourhood and the more general national characteristics.
Spain at the time was in a state of “Political Augustinianism”; this meant that religion held a greater priority by the public than politics, and thus presented an opportunity for the monarchy to reunite the 10 separate states of Spain as most of the Spanish population was Christian. The Inquisition itself was a court carried out by priests of the Catholic Church to find members of the Spanish population who were not Catholic and, thus, threatened the “limpieza di sangre” (the purity of Christian blood). However, Inquisitors had had full reign to use any method they saw fit to get information they wanted as they were under the orders by the Spanish Monarchy and not the Pope, meaning it was the monarchy that controlled the Inquisition and not the Catholic Church. The monarchy also used the Inquisition as a form of “symbolic violence” (a term used by Pierre Bourdieu to describe violence being used as a method to make people act and believe what you want them to) to create a population who was obedient and loyal to the monarchy and
Christianity and Muslim Religion As most people know, there are 4,200 religions around the world. However it is stated in recourses that Christianity and the Muslim religion are two of the largest religions in the world. These two religions share a lot of similarities for example, Christianity believes in God as the creator, just like the Muslim religion believes in God as the creator. On the contrary the Muslim religion refer to God as Allah, as Christians just say God. Another similarity that Christians and Muslims have is the belief of Jesus, despite that fact, Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God birthed by Holy virgin Mary, while Muslim believe that Jesus is a messenger sent from God to convey the people.
Difficulties as a Christian We live on a very diverse continent that all began during the early settlements (15 – 50BC). This early settlement began with the Bering straight, this brought over early migrants with completely different cultures to establish land in the western hemisphere. New England was settled by stable families and supported by agriculture; they had a healthier climate and a stronger religious government. However after the land was starting to be established during the 1620’s religious disputes started to establish between the puritans, separatists, Anglicans, and Christians. Every settler coming across on a ship expressed different religious views and the rules along with the regulations to follow within that religion were all different and based on Constructing The American Past rules within any religion were taken very seriously and a harsh punishment was given if anyone did not obey.
Although the colonies consisted of diverse groups of people, colonists were mostly Protestants, with the most religious colonies being in New England and down South . Part of the reason for this emphasis on religion in early Colonial life was because of the accessibility of the church. Very few activities in the community were outside the church grounds, and there was always something going on in the sanctuary, beyond the Sabbath and holy worship . Colonial churches were incredibly nuanced, which made having many different denominations of Protestantism fairly easy, pre-war. During and after the war, however, there are fewer denominations, even though colonists that identified as faithful remained similar, if not the same.