The Inca empire spanned approximately 4000 kilometers from the South American coastline, starting from modern day Ecuador reaching to Chile. Machu Picchu has been a long-standing marvel that represents the Inca’s competency and resourcefulness. The site is located northwest of Cusco, Peru, on a mountain ridge 2,430 meters above sea level. Machu Picchu was built around the 15th century, but was abandoned around 100 years later after the fall of the Inca empire. This has been attributed to the Spanish’s military conquests and virulent diseases that accompanied.
The city was expanded by Pachacuti Yupanqui and his descendants Toca Yapanqui and Huayna Capac. Capac’s sudden death happened right before he named a new successor and this raged the nation until spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and his army arrived in 1532 (Machu Picchu). Dr. Burger states, “This mortuary pattern is not surprising, because if members of the Inca elite had dies while residing at the country palace, they would have been transported to their principal residence in Cuzco rather than being buried at Machu Picchu.” (Lost City). Although, it is still unknown how they got the tools to work the hard rocks into grand temples, fountains, and many other structures, it is still impressive that they mastered the art of smelting and alloying soft metals (Schriber). The buildings, ritual chambers and garden’s were all arranged with Inca culture in mind.
Monica Quizhpi LTS-1003 The Quipu and the Inca Civilization 19 March 2017 Writing systems were employed by numerous prehistoric civilizations to provide a visible form of a spoken language. In contrast to other primitive civilizations the Inca civilization is the only Bronze Age civilization without a written language. Despite of the lack or absence of a written dialect, the Inca Civilization was able to administer and govern its territory which stretched along Andes Mountains from modern-day Southern Colombia through Ecuador, Peru and Chile over to Argentina and into the Amazon basin through the use and implication of knots and dyed strings. The khipu or quipu, a word from Quechua the Amerind language spoken by the Inca people which means
Guáman Poma was an Incan man who was born in 1535, just after the Spanish conquered the Incan empire. He wrote a 1,189 page book entitled El Primer Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno, or “The First New Chronicle and Good Government.” The book was intended for King Philip II of Spain to explain to him the history of Andean civilization and to show the king how the Spanish colonists had damaged the Inca way of life. In addition to text, Guáman Poma illustrated the book with 398 original drawings depicting Inca life and history, and Spanish cruelty. The images below come from El Primer Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno.
Ecuador has a long list of history. It is stated in Ecuador, that Ecuador first started out as a province of Spain. After roughly 200 years, a revolt occurred against the establishment of Spain. Ecuador teamed up with the other surrounding provinces and created the Confederacy, known as The Greater Columbia. 100 years later The Greater Columbia then collapsed.
The Aztec Empire belongs to the group of the Mesoamerican civilizations. From the 13th to the 16th century the Aztecs steadily conquered and ruled over Central-America. We have to note that the word ‘Aztec’ refers to the Nahuatl speaking communities of Mesoamerica. The term was coined by the European conquerors, and was not used by the natives. They called themselves as the Mexica.
Right after Pancho Villa’s famous raid on Columbus, New Mexico, 1916, U.S army general John J. tried to capture Pancho Villa in a nine month search but they unsuccessfully failed to find him. The Mexicans helped Villa hide when the Army would come close to him. Their even more about that later Villa retired in 1920 and was given a large estate which he was turned into a “military colony” for his fellow soldiers. It was during this time that Doroteo Arango began using the name Francisco "Pancho" Villa. "Pancho" is a common nickname for "Francisco."
Moses could not have written Deuteronomy because most of it is written in the “third person” and it contains his obituary. As we have written in an earlier chapter, the Pentateuch as we know it today was probably compiled from old scrolls and edited while the Hebrews were exiled in
Many ancient empires have risen and fallen throughout history. One of the most dominant empires was the Incan empire. The Inca empire spread across parts of present-day Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Colombia, Argentina, and Ecuador. It is about 2,500 miles down the western coast of South America. The culture of the Inca was significantly affected by the regions that they lived in.
Tikal is a city “located in the north of the Petén region of Guatemala, [and] was a major city which flourished between 300 and 850 CE”(Cartwright). While the city is located on ground level, the urban planning of Tikal shows much forethought as it “consists of nine different plazas and courts connected by causeways and ramps and has, in all, over 3,000 structures” (Cartwright). The towering structures are mammoth in size, but are given room to breath because “the buildings are spread over some 15 square kilometres, and so the city was relatively low in density”(Cartwright). Though the Maya and the Inca practiced different religions, they both had animal worship and reverence through art. The religious aspects of mayan culture is easily seen in the architecture of the great city as many stones are inscribed with messages describing or paying homage to their gods (the Maya had a written language).
I chose to study about Tiwanaku, a pre-Columbian archaeological site in South America in A.D. 500 and compare it to Teotihuacan, a pre-Columbian Mesoamerican city in 500 A.D. located in a sub valley of the Valley of Mexico. There a great similarities to each place but the two things that separates them is location and time. Tiwanaku is located in the southern shores of Lake Titicaca, in the Province of Ingavi, Department of La Paz. It was built nearly 13,000 feet (4,000 meters) above sea level, making it the highest urban centers ever constructed of its time. Surrounded by mountains and hills settled in a valley, it began as a small settlement in 1200 BCE that reached its peak of inhabitants roughly around 400 A.D. and 900 A.D.. Just like Tiwanaka,
Channel Islands National Park Imagine being on a vacation to a national park that has five islands connected to it.. These islands where formed about fourteen million years ago.In the 1930ś the islands where barley being considerd to be turned into a protection area for a monument which is now the national park,of the channel islands .The channel islands faced one major problem which was the oil spill.Visiting the channel islands you can have a beautiful view of all the islands and see all the marine life and different kinds of floral species. There has been some evidence that humans have lived on these islands before anybody considered them to be the channel islands from about 30,000 years ago.The channel islands is known for the beautiful
The Rio Grande The fourth longest river in the U.S., the Rio Grande, originates in the Rocky Mountains at the southwestern part of Colorado, twisting like a snake across the Southwest, passing through fertile valleys, amazing canyons, mountains, and desert shelves, and eventually emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. Early occupants of the Rio Grande region were Native American hunters and gatherers dating back to prehistoric times. It was homeland to more than forty indigenous groups, including those from the Pueblo Indian, the Tompiro Indians, and the Coahuiltecans. In 1749, Spanish colonists arrived to establish settlement on behalf of Spain. The Spanish invaded the indigenous people’s homeland transforming its inhabitants by introducing a
Built between the 10 -12 century and abandon it the 13 century. The Anasazi Indians was known for building the villages on or around cliffs. One of the biggest was the Pueblo Bonito it reach five stories and had about 800 rooms the largest at the time. Built in a semi-circle it was built to protect from the harsh winters and animals.