It is obvious that in the 21st century, liberalism tends to be all powerful. Liberalism includes the concept of liberty and equality and two types of liberalism are also introduced, which will be discussed in the following essay. It is a compound of political, social and economic theories that emphasis on liberal in individual, freedom of economic, democracy and the way to rule the country by law. First of all, let us define what liberty is. Liberty comes from the word “liber” in Latin which means free.
However, nowadays, globalization due to the Industrial Revolution and the advances in transport and technologies has reached an unprecedented scope. Globalization can be explained in mainly 3 different areas: in politic, social and economic terms. In politic terms, globalization can refer to the shift of political activities from a single-nation level to a global level and it has been created international organization such as the United Nations. It has also tried to spread democracies all over the world. Social globalization describes an exchange of values, ideas and it has facilitated the promotion of equality, dignity and human rights.
1. Introduction Liberalism refers to an ideology which was first spoken about by John Locke. As he mentioned the rights of the individual to have property, freedom, health and life(Cahn,2005:247). Later This essay aims to offer a critical review on the concept of neoliberalism. The essay shall begin by offering the reader a brief view on liberalism.
Liberals take a highly optimistic view of relations between states, they believe that states will work together to maximise prosperity through trade and minimise conflict. Key liberal ideas include interdependence liberalism which believes that mutual economic dependence reduces the chance of war, sociological liberalism which highlights the importance of transnational relations, institutional liberalism which points to the importance of institutions when developing peace and republican liberalism which suggests that democracies do not go to war with each other. Some aspects of the liberal argument are highly convincing to problems of the international order while other aspects are less convincing. The problems facing the international order
Globalization has brought cross-border flows of goods and capital and stronger nationalism and so on. From material form ,globalization refers to the cross-border flow of goods and capital ,through the development stage of translation ,local internationalization and globalization. we can not predict the globalization of national income and loss. It is difficult to have benefits or damages in globalization .Great power ,weak countries ,big countries and small countries can all benefit or suffer. The traditional China was defeated by globalization, but it also emerged from globalization.
Liberalism is an ideology that is based on the importance of individual liberty and the values of individualism, which includes their rights and freedoms, self interest, competition, economic freedom, rule of law, and private property. That list is their main principles and shows what they value. It is a balance between collectivism and individualism, more or less favoring towards the right side of the spectrum and containing more principles from individualism. To many, Liberalism seems the best. In fact, it is the only platform that enables political leaders and social groups to cooperate and to introduce social changes and political reforms.
The practical dominance of Liberalism Before one starts to look at how dominant liberalism is, the first crucial consideration should be that of its background and history. Historically liberalism is diligently connected to the shaping and formation of the modern world (Browning, Webster, et al., 2000:154). This is the belief in freedom and equal rights generally associated with such thinkers as John Locke, Hobbes and Montesquieu (Anon., 2011). Liberalism as a political ideology spans the better part of the last four centuries with its theorists’ analysis of the logic of political authority and power in terms of consent and assent by individuals. With reference to Gould (1999:17) the supremacy of liberalism
Neo-liberalism, as we know, is an evolving theory from traditional liberalism. Since traditional liberalism ‘defeat’ to realism in the Great Debate, neo-liberalism emerged as the new form of liberalism that upholds basic perspective as well as traditional liberalism is, with differences in several sectors. Theoretically, there are four variants of neo-liberalism, namely commercial liberalism, republican liberalism, sociological liberalism, and liberal institutionalism, but in practice, people commonly generalized them as neo-liberalism. Each theory’s approaches are different, but basically same since all of them rooted on traditional liberalism. Commercial liberalism promoted free trade and a market economy the way towards peace and prosperity;
It also entails that the leaders have to be elected and therefore given permission to rule the people (Governmentvs.com, 2017). It puts individualism, freedom, toleration and constitutionalism, reason, consent, and toleration (Heywood, 2013) amongst other key ideas within liberal democracy first. Disadvantages of Liberal Democracy: The disadvantages of liberal democracy are far and few, but there are disadvantages. One of these is how slow its processes are because there are many people who make decisions this is due to the lack of power concentration (Governmentvs.com, 2017). These the two biggest disadvantages are very big thorns in liberal democracies side.
Why Liberalism?? The best approach to World politics according to me is Liberalism because it promotes more ease and more convenient ideas and practices. Many people think realism is the right approach to study world politics, but I believe that Liberalism promotes more equality and liberty than realism. It gives individuals the right to speak and moral power is considered one significant power in liberalization. Moreover, Unlike realists, I do believe that International organizations play a vital role in building strong relations, trust, and corporation between nations.