In an article by Alzheimer’s Association it mentions that many experts who study this type like to call it “Vascular Cognitive Impairment” because it better explains the idea that your vascular thinking skills can change and it can either be small or serve. Also, in this article it mentions that Vascular Dementia is account for 10 percent of cases and that is remains underdiagnosed even though it is considered common. B. Symptoms i. With this type of Dementia, the symptoms can be very different due to how badly the blood vessel are damaged after having the stroke.
Diabetic eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma. What is Diabetic Retinopathy? Diabetic retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes out of tripathy. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels) causes damage to the cells at the back of the eye, known anatomically as, the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of loss of vision.
Many people also mistakenly think that recurring episodes of leg pain could be due to ageing. This should be given immediate attention as an otherwise healthy person will not experience recurrent leg pain. Since PAD is associated with other life-threatening vascular diseases. Clogged or narrowed arteries in the leg is a red flag and a vital sign that other arteries, including those in the heart and brain, may also be blocked. Having PAD greatly increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, amputation, and
Macular degeneration is a degenerative disorder of the central part of the retina known as the macula, which is responsible for central vision. Its cause is unknown, although it is known that the patient's age is the main risk factor. The macula is the part of the retina that allows you to read, watch television or recognize faces of people. Today, it is the leading cause of legal blindness in people over sixty years. However, peripheral vision remains unchanged, so that patients can manage without assistance for everyday tasks like walking.
These blood vessels usually nourish the retina. These blood vessels get blocked which causes irregular new blood vessels to form. Bleeding into the vitreous gel may occur due to these new blood vessels being weak. Retinal detachment may also occur because of these new blood vessels pulling on the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in middle aged people and visual loss in older people.
Dry eye syndrome, also called as keratoconjunctivitis, is a health issue that develops once the eyes usually do not produce enough tear lubricant to always keep their surface moist. This produces an inflammatory response in their fragile tissues and, in addition, results in discomfort just like itching, redness and also sensitivity. If it is not treated properly, it may trigger the deterioration of the cornea as well as the conjunctiva. This is most common among the older people, though it can occur from young ages if there is exposure to contaminated environments or perhaps injuries. The great news is that the signs and symptoms can be controlled naturally.
It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
This may be due to mechanical trauma (blunt or penetrating), thermal injuries,chemical agents or radiation.1 Ocular trauma is an important cause of visual impairment and a leading cause of preventablemonocular blindness.2 Worldwide there are approximately 1.6 million people blind from eyeinjuries, an additional 2.3 million people with bilateral low vision from this cause, and almost19 million with unilateral blindness or low vision.3The global pattern of eye injuries and theirconsequences suggest that 55 million eye injuries restricting activities more than one day,occur each year and 750,000 cases will require hospitalization each year.3,4Data from the National Centre for Health Statistics' Health Interview Survey, conducted in1977, estimated that nearly 2.4 million eye injuries occur in the United States yearly.5 Thisreport also estimated that nearly one million Americans have permanent significant visualimpairment due to injury, with more than 75% of these individuals being monocularly blind.Eye injury is a leading cause of monocular blindness in the United States, and is second onlyto cataract as the most common cause of visual impairment.2,5In developing countries, eye injuries are not only more common but also more severe in theireffect and this may be attributed to socioeconomic background, inadequate safety measures,lack of
This comprises of attenuation of blood vessels, waxy disc pallor and a mottled appearance of the retinal pigment epithelium which is caused by the formation of bone spicule. Internal limiting membrane wrinkling, buried drusen of the optic nerve head, cystoid macula edema, cataracts (usually PSC) and vitreous pigmentation and syneresis may also be seen. Symptoms of this disease include night blindness, tunnel vision, photopsia, photophobia, difficulty adjusting from light to dark environments and vice versa, blurry vision, poor colour separation, loss of central vision (late stage) and blindness eventually. RP may occur as an isolated disease (non syndromic which is the typical form of disease) or in combination with systemic disease (syndromic). Usher syndrome is the most common form of syndromic RP.
4. Kidney Cysts Cysts are fluid-filled sacs. Kidney cysts are of two types: • Polycystic kidney disease tends to run in families. Cysts take over normal tissues and cause the kidneys to enlarge and work poorly. This eventually leads to kidney failure.
Common findings are neurodefecits in the central nervous system (CNS) such as chronic neurologic demyelination and inflammation of the CNS, lesions found in the neural space of the person, and an inappropriate immune response (Borazanci et al. 2009). Loss of myelin in the CNS leads to inappropriate action potential activation in which the axons of the neurons become inflamed over time and potentially lead to axon damage and/or loss (Nickerson 2013). Nickerson 2013 also stated that this long term inflammation could be contributing to the long term disabilities associated with MS. Loss of myelin in the axons of neurologic cells lead to many things; one being the formation of astrocytic scarring forming on the myelin sheaths (Newlan et
Shrinking of the hippocampus is often associated with aging, and is one of the first signs of Alzheimer 's disease. When one obsessively uses GPS when navigating, and not using their hippocampus in everyday tasks, this will result in accelerated shrinking over years. Problems with memory and spatial orientation can take place with too much dependence in GPS usage.
There is a large difference in the quality of care between minorities and whites. As time progresses, this becomes an issue because the number of minorities are increasing and soon that number will double the population of whites. Disparities in palliative care for minorities is limited and lacks true quality. Minorities have a harder time receiving quality palliative care because of lack of access to medication and communication with doctors. African Americans and other minorities are more likely to die in the hospital from illnesses than whites.
These diseases often affect elderly adults and are caused by the deterioration of nerve cells, eventually leading to the death of cells. Others include trauma – either a cancerous or noncancerous growth of abnormal cells in brains. Brain trauma is a dysfunction of the brain,