Sarah Breedlove, also known as Madam C.J. Walker, born on December twenty-third of eighteen sixty-seven in Delta, Louisiana. Sarah Breedlove is to be considered lucky as to which she was the first child in her family to be a “free-born” from slavery once her parents were allowed to leave. She lived a tragedy at such an early age of seven with the withdrawal of her parents’ lives in this world. Sarah was then later in the custody of her older sister. At such an early age, Sarah Breedlove was married to her first husband, Moses McWilliams, and became a teenage mother at eighteen with her daughter named A ’Leila. Two years later, her husband McWilliams passed away. While maintaining her young daughter at a public school with the low payment Sarah Breedlove received, she began to
First, Ella Baker’s childhood had the significant impact on her as an activist. “She was part of a close-knit racially proud family, whose ancestors had been community leader with a southern African American tradition of cooperating with and helping one another that was carried in by her family” (“Ella Josephine Baker”). She was born in Norfolk, Virginia on December 13, 1903. Influenced by her family at young age, she became interested in helping out people in need. “Baker listened to her grandmother tell stories about slave revolt” (“SNCC”).
“And give up? Not on your life.” Nellie Bly retorted when told to give up her dream job of becoming a reporter. (The Adventures of Nellie Bly). Elizabeth Cochran (the name Nellie Bly was given at birth) was born on May 5, 1864, in Cochran Mills, Pennsylvania. Cochran Mills was named after her father who was a wealthy businessman, and she was often called “Pink” because her mother almost always dressed her in that color. Later, she added an “e” to the end of her last name for elegance. Nellie became a professional muckraker and was a widely read female stunt reporter. She married Robert Livingston Seaman in 1895, and retired from journalism. Unfortunately, she died on January 27, 1922 in New York, New York from pneumonia after a life abundant with conquering hardships and tenacity. Nellie Bly showed perseverance throughout her childhood, work life, and adulthood.
Mary wasted no time a year later she graduated from Moody Bible Institute in Chicago, Illinois. Mary was teaching at Kendall Institute in Sumter, SC when she met another teacher by the name Albertus. They married each and Mary birthed their son by the name of Albert McLeod Bethune o February 3, 1899. They lived in savannah, Georgia for a while until they relocated to Palatka, fl.
When you think of September you think of back to school. Right? We all remember the smell of a new box of crayons. Well in the 1900s that was not the case for many children in America. Labor laws were not fair, but there was one American woman in that era that said enough is enough. She fought hard on improving working conditions for many American Her name was Florence Kelley.
She worked as “a saleswoman for a black hair-care entrepreneur named Annie Turnbo Malone who employed black women to sell her products door-to-door. After experiencing severe hair loss herself, Walker experimented with her own hair formulas” . Madam Walker
She was born in 1820 in Porchester County in Maryland along with 8 other siblings. She was the fifth child of her family and
She spent about 10 years guiding slaves to flee to Canada. During this act more than 38 slaves were ordinarily disenthrall from hard labor. During this rescue mission “she made most of her trips in and around December when the nights were long and fewer people were out.” (doc B), she was extremely cautious about her acts. Although, all four acts were all as important, the least important one was care-giving.
Her parents were John McWilliams Jr. and Julia Carolyn Weston. She was the oldest of three children. Her father was an early investor in the California real estate and her mother was a paper company heiress. So they were very wealthy and she lived a very privileged childhood. Also she had a very good education.
Marjorie Stewart Joyner was born in Monterey, Virginia. She was born on October 24, 1896, and was the granddaughter of a slave and slave owner. After attending primary school, Marjorie moved to Chicago, Illinois to pursue a career in cosmetology. She attended the A.B. Molar Beauty School and she later became the first African-American woman to graduate from the school. At the age of 20, she met and married Robert E. Joyner.
When she was born she had the name of Bessie Lee Pittman. She worked in a beauty school and at a doctor 's office as her jobs. While she was on a trip in Miami, Florida she attended a society dinner. She sat next to Floyd Odlum and after awhile they started to talk together. She married Oldum in 1936.
One of the main reasons I am interested in the field of cosmetology is because seeing the transformation of someone 's hair to fit what they like is heartwarming and knowing I am the one who helped them create a look they are most comfortable with is inspiring to me to want to do the best job I can. However, it’s not only about the transformation of someone’s hair but how that transformation can instill confidence and a sense of self-worth for a person. Having a client return time after time after I have met their expectations for either color, cut, or style will bring satisfaction not only to the customer, but to me as well.
Walker, and Booker T. Washington. She mentions how Madam C.J. Walker made alliances with Booker T. Washington and Mary McLeod Bethune to make female entrepreneurship respectable through Colored Women’s Business Clubs and the inclusion of beauty culture curriculum at black colleges. “Annie Malone and Madam C.J. Walker diversified the black beauty industry to include not only the selling of products but also the selling of beauty, independence, and financial success. In many ways, their lives more than their products or beauty education systems reflected the challenges and opportunities that black women faced at the turn of the century and became the basis of their success” (pg. 19). Not only did these pioneers try to uplift themselves in the industry, but they also tried to spread knowledge and give an opportunity for financial growth to the people in their communities.
Charlotte E. Ray In this paper I will be providing you lots of information on Ms. Ray. Charlotte E. Ray accomplished a lot of great things for African American and women in general. Becoming not only the first female African-American lawyer in the United States but also the first to practice in Washington, D.C. Because of her bravery and persistence obstacles were broken. Ray has paved the way for young women of color in today’s society.
Marian Anderson was a driven African American singer. "We don't take colored" (Collins 106). Marian was deprived of singing in many places because of the color of her skin. She was always well behaved and never wanted conflict so she never would argue. Marian never gave up in her dream of becoming a singer. "She became the first black performer ever invited to sing at the Metropolitan Opera in New York" (Collins 111). Anderson spent a lot of her career traveling and performing across the United States.