Business level strategy Focusing on its core competencies—strong R&D platform, vertical integration, product diversification, economies of scale, disciplined approach to investment and cost management, and operations excellence— Exxon satisfies various consumer needs and maximizes its shareholder value. Business-level strategies enable Exxon to provide value to customers and gain a competitive advantage by exploiting core competencies in all the aspects of Oil & Gas value chain ranging from crude oil and natural gas production to refining the oil and gas, transportation, marketing of petroleum products, and trading of products. Current position as the world’s leading oil & gas company, Exxon is a major player in the conversion of hydrocarbons
b. Omni Channel Strategy: Omni Channel a strategy implemented to reduce the gap between planning and execution of inventory to and from stores. Gap Inc is extremely focused on this to strengthen its inventory control through
is the flagship company of the Aditya Birla Group in metals business and a major player in aluminum manufacturing industry headquartered at Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Hindalco is one of the biggest producers of primary aluminium in Asia and one of the world 's largest aluminium rolling companies. The report has been prepared taking into consideration the latest available reports of Sustainability i.e. the fourth sustainability report, 2013-14. Sustainability Policy of Hindalco: “We, at Hindalco industries Ltd, a leading non-ferrous metals business globally, will strive for excellence in sustainable processes, products and practices to create long term value for all our stakeholders, while conserving resources, protecting environment, nurturing our people and enhancing societal well being.” Sustainability Performance and Measures (Physical Environment)
According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics(BLS), there is an 18% job outlook and is growing “faster than average” between the time of 2012-2022. The increase in job opportunities means there will be more insurance in obtaining and keeping a job, in fact there will be about 124, 000 more jobs available for surgeons by the end of the ten year range according to BLS. Not only is the plastic surgeon group growing, many subsections are available, which allows many doors to be opened. Some of the plastic surgery subcategories, “including cranio-maxillofacial surgery, microvascular surgery, hand surgery”(Maser). Hand surgery is focused on improving and changing the shape and structure of a hand while allowing it to still function properly.
Urbanization refers to the process of raising population growth in cities and rural, it also includes the rise of industrialization. The government, industry and business deal in urban areas are involved. The United States and Europe had started their urbanization since the 19th century. On the other hand, by the end of 2014, 54.7% of China’s total population live in the urban areas, which is a rate that rose from 26% in 1990. They are currently experiencing a rapid increase.
Exxon’s Take on Innovation and Change Management I Introduction Exxon Mobil started from marketing kerosene; to then become the largest global publically traded company in the oil and gas industry within 125 years (Exxon Mobil, n.d., para 3). Exxon is involved with oil and gas refining and upgrading, petroleum product marketing, and chemical manufacturing (Exxon Mobil, n.d., para 1). Therefore, Exxon intends to continuously improve their economic viability and profitability, while adhering to strict ethical standards (Exxon Mobil, n.d., para 2). They are committed to the environmental health and safety of their employees and the communities in which they operate (Exxon Mobil, n.d., para 5).
Its rapidly growing population and the government’s commitment to expanding access to essential health care were key drivers of future growth in the market. According to BMI, ABIMED, WHO, US Commercial Service, the medical device market in 2008 was $3.0 billion, and was expected to reach $5.7 billion by 2013. Brazil’s medical device market valued at $3.0 billion in 2008was the largest in Latin America. A compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.8% was anticipated through 2013, driven by increase in health care expenditures. With the few large-scale domestic manufactures and a large rapidly growing market, Brazil’s medical device sector offered strong potential for foreign device makers to exploit imports.
10)Nucor: Founded in 1940 Nucor Corporation engages in the manufactures of steel and production of steel products. The company primary operates through three segments: Steel Mills, Steel products and raw materials. With revenue over 19 Billion in revenue and number of employees over 20,000 it is the largest steel producer in the United States and sells its products to steel service centres and manufacterers across Canada, US and Mexico. Sales: $21.1 bn Profits: $ 712 mn Market Value: $14.9 bn 9) Kobe Steel: Kobe Steel was founded in Kobe, Japan on 1st September 1905.
Longer life expectancy is arguably one of humanity biggest achievements. Medical progress, public-health efforts, rising standards of living, better education, healthier nutrition and a more hygienic lifestyle in the past century lead to an substantial increase in life expectancy worldwide.(1) In developed countries around 30 years in life expectancy have been gained, in these societies the oldest-old group – i.e., those aged 80 and over – have been the most rapidly expanding segment of the population over the past decades.(2,3) It is expected that by 2050, the worldwide population of older adults (more than 60 years old) may grow to nearly 2 billion, with 80% of that population living in developing countries.(4) However, humanity’s big achievement has its pitfalls; the years gained in life expectancy might be years with disability, since disability increases with age, and therefore people are not only living longer but are also experiencing morbidity and disability over a longer period.(5) Worldwide, the trend toward longer life has been accompanied with an increasing prevalence of diseases in older adults, and decline in mobility, independence and other functions that are essential for a good quality of life.(6)
The need for affordable housing is rising more than ever as the world population crosses 7 billion and is forecasted to reach 9 billion by 2030 (World Population Clock). Urban growth, urban migration, and rapid urbanization are among factors that boosts the need for affordable housing. “Urban growth rates are highest in the developing world, absorbing an average of 5 million new urban residents per month, and thus account for the largest portion of urban population growth on the globe” (Rizvi, 2016). Global urbanization was 51% in 2010, and by 2030 it is likely to reach 61%. Major metropolitan areas in developing countries will be absorbing 95% of the overall urban population growths in the country (Rizvi, 2016) .Asia