Mahabalipuram Temple Essay

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Aim : To study granite carvings of Mahabalipuram, Kancheepuram, TamilNadu.

Objective : To study the
• history and origin of Mahabalipuram
• location of various temples in the town
• religion and dynasty associated with the place
• Pallava art and Dravidian architecture that predominantly ruled TamilNadu
• sources, type and quality of Granite that was used for construction
• changes that took place in Mahabalipuram in the context of the art form.


1. Stone Carving 1.1. History of Stone Carving in India
2. Tools Used for Stone Carving
3. Methods involved in Stone Carving
4. History of Mahabalipuram 4.1. Pallava Dynasty 7.1.1. Pallava Style of Architecture
5. Temples of Mahabalipuram
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The term also refers to the activity of masons in dressing stone blocks for use in architecture, building or civil engineering. It is also a phrase used by archaeologists,historians, and anthropologists to describe the activity involved in making some types of petroglyphs. Fig. 1 : Stone carving in Mahabalipuram

History of stone carving in India

 The oldest known works of representational art are stone carvings. Often marks carved into rock or petro glyphs will survive where painted work will not.
 According to history there was no stone architecture in India before 3rd century B.C and it was Ashoka who introduced it, all previous structures before his time being of wood,in the later periods, there was an amalgamation of cultural influence under the Mauryans, Guptas and the Mughals.
 Southern India is famous for its distinctive style of stone sculpture. The Pallava, Chola, and Hoysala sculptures are known for their elegance, fluidity and excellence of form.
 The great Indian tradition of sculptures can be seen in the rock cut temples of Ajanta and Ellora, the Dilwara temples of Mount Abu ,the Konark temple of Orissa, etc. Fig 2 : Temple in Mahabalipuram

Types of Stone

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