Another feature of Islamic identity in Mataram kingdom is ‘Sultan’ tittle which is obtained from Ulama in holy city Makkah, previously the kings of Mataram tittled ‘Sasuhunan’ which means the guardian of Allah. (Purwadi, 2010:313). Under such circumstances, the Islamization of Javanese society was inevitable accross the Mataram land. As the successor of Mataram kingdom, actually both Yogyakarta and Solo are the political product of Giyanti agremeent in the 1755. The internal war within Mataram kingdom and the friction among the princes especially between Prince of Mangkubumi and Pakubuwana III for the throne led to political compromy namely Giyanti agremeent.
Second Tab: Mumbai Title: About Mumbai Previously known as Bombay and popularly known as ‘City of Dreams’. Mumbai city is a tough paradox. It is a foundation to the Indian Hindi film industry and houses population of 18.4 million. According to a UN survey, Mumbai has the highest GDP in South, West or Central Asia. The city has a humid and moderate climate, although the windy breeze compensates for the humidity.
India was and still is known as one of the most complex cultures we know of today. Two of the most memorable empires were the Mauryan and Gupta. The Mauryan dynasty formed after Alexander the Great visited India. The empire ruled by Chandragupta Maurya who was a powerful ruler and unified most of the subcontinent. The Gupta empire on the other hand was more influential even though they did not have any influential ruler and had a smaller empire.
The eponym of Bharat is Bharata, a theological figure that Hindu scriptures describe as a legendary emperor of ancient India. Hindustan was originally a Persian word that meant “Land of the Hindus”; prior to 1947, it referred to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan. It is occasionally used to solely denote India in its entirety.Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four world religions - Hinduism, Buddhism,Jainism, and Sikhism - originated here, whereas Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region’s diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent
The Hindu temple is a place of worship for Hindus with its rich architecture which attracts thousands of people around the world. Badrinath temple, Brihadeeswara temple, Somnath temple, Kashi Vishwanath temple, Tirupati Balaji, Vaishno Devi temple is some of the great temples in India. There are various rituals in every temple which have been followed from ages. All of them have a cultural and scientific significance which had been lost while passing them to the next generation. We Indians being traditional people follow those customs and practices ours elders ask us to follow without understanding
Borobudur, the largest Buddhist structure in the world built by the Sailendra dynasty The Sailendra dynasty leaders had further maintained close relations, including marriage alliances with the Srivijaya kingdom in Sumatra. The mutual association between the two kingdoms ensured that Srivijaya had no need to fear the emergence of a Javanese rival kingdoms and that the Sailendra had access to the international market for trading. The Sailendra period was characterized by peaceful co-existence and cooperation but towards the middle of the 9th century relations had deteriorated. Around 852 the Sanjaya ruler of Pikatan had defeated Balaputra, the brother of the Sailendra monarch Samaratunga and princess Tara. This ended the Sailendra presence in Java and Balaputra retreated to the Srivijaya kingdom in Sumatra, where he became the
INTRODUCTION The Ajuran Sultanate or Ajuran Empire was known as a Somali Muslim empire that ruled over the large parts of the Northeast Africa consists of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia and dominated the regional trade during the 5th to the 15th century during the era of Medieval Ages. Ajuran Sultanate was very well-known during 13th century until the late 17th century because of their strong centralized administration and has an aggressive military towards invaders. This empire also left an extensive architectural legacy, including castles, fortress building and pillar tombs fields attributed to the Ajuran engineers. Because of the theocratic nature of the Ajuran government, many peoples come from many regions in East Africa had converted to Islam. According to the history, the Ajuran Sultanate emerged and established by the House of Gareen and they were the one who ruling this empire until the 17th century.
Ramanagaram, a princely state, (semi sovereign principality under British Raj) in the east shore of India existed since 1646. A prosperous state, cut out of broke down Vijayanagara Empire, it extended from Gopalpur to Machilipatnam, along the Bay of Bengal. A powerful ally of the British, Ramanagaram spread over one lakh sq. kms in area and endowed with seventy-five lakhs population. The state brought forth more than ten crore rupees annual income in early twentieth century.
Exploring Mana - The Last Indian Village Situated at the banks of gushing Saraswati River, Mana is the last Indian village located near the Indo-China border, in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. This tranquil village, surrounded by high Himalayan hills, is situated at an altitude of 3219 m above sea level. It is located at a distance of 3 km from Badrinath, which is a famous place of pilgrimage. The surreal beauty of this tiny village draws a lot of visitors each year, which is why, Mana has been designated as a ‘Tourism Village’ by the Uttarakhand Government. Apart from being stunningly beautiful, it is also famous for its hand crafted, woollen shawls and blankets, local herbs, etc.