2. Development of Pure Land Buddhism The idea of Pure Land Buddhism was raised in China and then spread to other countries, such as Japan and East Asia. (Wallace 2002, 43) It became famous in these countries but there are variations between the ideas. Take Indian and China as examples, Indian think that there would be separate life after rebirth as their present life may be suffering and the life after death should be happy and not connected to the present life. On the other hand, Chinese take rebirth as the continuation of life before death, which the human relations in the present life are connected to the life in Pure Land.
Buddhism can be divided into two branches; Theravada and Mahayna. Buddhism has a range of teachings, and things for people to live by, which increases people’s chances of reaching Nirvana, which is the ultimate state of enlightenment. By reaching this stage, you will be fully happy and content with your life, and Buddha was the first man to reach Nirvana. The first characteristic of religion relates to the sacred texst. Buddhism has a sacred text called “Tripitaka” which translates to “The Three Baskets”.
Srivijaya or Sriwijaya Malay is the long-ruling government on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, modern, affecting most of Southeast Asia. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 7th century; Chinese monk, I-Tsing, wrote that he visited Srivijaya in 671 for 6 months. The first inscription in which the name of Srivijaya appears also dating from the 7th century, is Kedukan Bukit Inscription around Palembang in Sumatra, dated 683. This government does not exist in the 13th century due to various factors, including the development of Java Majapahit empire. Fair is an important center for the development of Buddhism in the 8th to the 12th century.
History assignment 2 Name: P.V Durga ( BA1) Roll no. H2014BAMA011 Answer 2: Contribution of Alexander Cunningham towards unveiling the history of Buddhism in India Alexander Cunningham’s journey in unraveling Buddhism in India was through an association with FC Maisey who was to prepare an illustrated report of the Buddhist site of Sanchi in 1849. They together opened the stupas within a seven mile radius of the Sanchi Stupa and published the results of these explorations in Cunningham’s book,’Bhilsa Topes’. Specialty of Cunningham’s approach: Until then, the style of understanding eastern religions was only through ‘textualization’ which was amply aided by the translation of Buddhist texts from Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese, Mongolian and Tibetan by enthusiasts like Christian Lassen, Eugene Bernof, and Spence Hardy. But with his exploration of the Sanchi Stupa, Cunningham initiated a paradigm shift- he used archaeological sources to understand Buddhism rather than just literary evidence.
This reference is consistent amongst all the aforementioned primary sources. Bodhidharma is quoted saying, “When I examine the land of China, it is clear that there is only this sutra (the Lankavatara). If you rely on it to practice, you will be able to cross over the world." One of the central thrusts of the Lankavatara sutra is, in a both ironic and almost contradictory sense, that words fail to express realty in and of themselves. The Lankavatara sutra itself talks down on the practice of reading sutra.
Unlike Hinduism, Buddhism originated after as it found a platform that had already been created by Hinduism. As a result, it was easy for this religion to adapt itself into the society. Buddhism started back around two thousand five hundred years ago when a person by the name of Siddhartha Gautama was enlightened by thirty five (White). This man later became to be known as Buddha. Many people believe that Buddhism is not only a religion but can also be considered as a philosophy.
It also served as a medium for King Kyanzittha to promote Buddha’s teachings and educate people of Theravada Buddhism. Ananda Temple is the transitional temple type as it denotes “the end of Early Period and the beginning of Middle Period.” Its uniqueness also exhibits the ambition and motivation of the King to use religious beliefs to unite people under Buddhist doctrine. First, Ananda Temple’s transitional feature lies in its brighter interior with the enhanced design of base wall windows. Like other temples in the Early Period, Ananda is a single-storey building. However, the exterior base wall has two rows of window openings, which produces an illusion that there are two storeys.
When Thai Buddhism was captured by the state and created establish Buddhism through the creation of the church all latent radicalized Buddhism was neutralized. Therefore, the symbolic relationship between the State and the Sangha has limited Buddhism to a role that is legitimizing the state as it had in ancient kingdoms as well. This ideology spread throughout Thailand ancient history and now through a more commercialized folk Buddhism that has gained the upper hand way from its traditional
A lot of occasions happened in the Java heartland Borobudur Buddhist temple where the Muslimah aspirants performed ‘Namaz’ and photoshot themselves. The finale of the event was hosted at the backdrop of the famous Ninth Century Complex Hindu Temple Prambanan in the heartland of Java that has been declared as a UNESCO heritage. The organizers claim that these Sanatan Dharmik sites were deliberately chosen to transmit a message that the Muslims are accepting other
It was begun by, ‘a man who anchored in a moment of history, awakened to announce that attainment of wisdom was within the power of every individual’ (Levenson, 2004:9). Gautuma the Buddha believe that he had found a better way than the vedentas and went about spreading this way of life otherwise known as the eight fold path. For a Buddhist mystic, the main focus as stated explicitly by Carmody, “The enlightenment of Gautuma, his clarification of the role of desire and ignorance through conquering them both, has been a cornerstone, or central arch, in Buddhist mysticism”, thus Gautumas insights form the heart of Buddhist belief and practice (Carmody & Carmody,1996:69). Gautumas story is relived in the re-telling of the story. Buddhist mystics seek to break the chain of samsaric suffering otherwise known as ignorance, aging and death through the practice of meditation.