However, U.S spy planes soon identified evidence of the nuclear missile sites being rapidly installed in Cuba. As a result, the U.S quarantined (set a zone around) Cuba where ships carrying weapons could not go. If Cuba had missiles, they could threaten other countries and make them submit to Cuba which would result in them becoming communist. Numerous Soviet transports stopped dead in the water just outside the quarantine line. In April 1963, the United States and the Soviet Union came to an agreement.
Once the war ended, Germany was temporarily divided into four different sectors for England, France, USA and the USSR. By 1946, when the Soviets were in control of Eastern Europe, an “Iron Curtain” consolidated the division of Europe into a West bloc that incorporated the western democracies, including the United States, and an Eastern bloc with the Soviets. Yet in 1949 Germany witnessed another division with the creation of West and East Germany, which put an end to any dialogue in favor of a reunified nation. These ideological conflicts and divisions that took place in Germany, particularly the creation of the Berlin Wall in 1961, symbolized the main conflict of the Cold war. Germany was not only the center for the conflict between capitalism and communism, but the outcomes of the separation of Berlin demonstrated to the world the superiority of capitalism over Soviet communism in the
The Soviets were trying over and over to force their culture and the concept of communism on the people inside Berlin. As I have said multiple times previously, this event was one of the first major conflicts of the Cold War. The Cold War was based around political tensions between the United States and their allies who represented democracy and the Soviet Union and their allies who represented communism. This caused obvious differences between the two powerhouses in the world at that time. The United States realized that the Soviet Union can not be allowed to spread the way of communism while putting civilians at potential
Opposed from the mainly accepted orthodox interpretation, revisionist historians argue that the Vietnam War was a futile part in America’s power struggle with communist Russia in a larger Cold War context. As the tensions rose between the Soviet states, so did America’s commitment in the Vietnam
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different. The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
The cold war characterized in many aspects. Here I conclude it with several key words. Firstly, political conflicts and military tension between US ans USSR. Secondly, the Marshall plan which was seen by Russia as USA using economic aid to buy itself an empire or 'sphere of influence '. Also, Nuclear fear also was the characteristic of cold war, everyone at that time was fear of the nuclear war that was seemed to happen, especially at the time of Cuba missile crisis.
Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of the United States of America, came into presidency in the midst of an intense Cold War. He came up with a strategy called the Reagan Doctrine, whose aim was to contain the global influence of the Soviet Union and to end the Cold War. It also tried to prevent any more expansions the USSR might make throughout the world. During the majority of the Cold War, there were no direct open military conflict between the US and the Soviet Union. However, there were many instances in which the Cold War may have turned into a real war.
During the Cold War, hysteria in the U.S. ensued over the perceived threat of Communism. This mass hysteria became known as ‘The Red Scare’ due to Communist’s loyalty to the red flag. These fears were not totally unfounded, as the USSR had been spying inside America for a long time. The Red Scare became influential to world history by causing leaders to pass acts that would not have been passed otherwise that reduced the Communist Party to a shadow of its past self..
Beginning in 1954, the Vietnam War took place over five presidencies, starting during the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower and ending, over 20 years later, at the beginning of Gerald Ford’s presidency. It was a conflict that pitted communist North Vietnam and its allies in the South, who were known as the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its primary ally, the United States of America. At the beginning of the Vietnam War, the United States had already been engaged in the Cold War, fighting the Soviet Union, for seven years. Despite this, the United States still assisted South Vietnam.
One war fought was the Korean War, Northern Korea went communist and Southern Korea wanted to stay capitalist. The United States of America was aiding South Korea and the Soviets were backing the North. The war lasted from 1950 to 1953. Five million lives were lost and to this day Korea is split into two separate countries. The Korean War was one of the main battles fought in the Cold War (“Korean War”).
The United States and the Soviet Union’s alliance came to an end from 1945-1950. Then from 1947 to 1991, the Cold War took place and these two nations were competitors at every thing they did during the war. Both nations wanted to have the main influence an impact on life throughout the world. They wanted global charge and other nations to follow the same economic and political systems. The Cold War put both of these nations at test to see who could succeed the most.
The international disputes are that the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to U.S. The only way to terminate the lease is for a mutual agreement, or total US abandonment of the area. On Jan. 3, 1961 the revolution leader Fidel Castro broke ties with U.S. and aligned himself with the Soviet Union. The U.S. initially welcomed what looked like a democratic Cuba, but within a few months, Castro established military tribunals for political opponents and jailed hundreds. Castro disavowed Cuba 's 1952 military pact with the U.S. and proceeded to confiscate U.S. assets, and established Soviet-style collective farms.
Also, the author looks at a portion of the compelling people who helped to resolve the war that had developed into stable long peace. Case in point, Gaddis concentrates on the 1962 Cuban miscalculations of Nikita Khrushchev that President Kennedy got confused and nearly went to war. Gaddis says, "Khrushchev slipped missiles into Cuba, predominantly as a push to spread revolution all through Latin America." In another dialog, Gaddis concentrates on the mid 1980s when Reagan 's rearmament extended and emphasized talk to the 'Evil Empire ' made Moscow trust that America had propelled plans for a preemptive atomic strike along these lines the need to get ready in like manner. Likewise, the author concentrates on Dwight Eisenhower 's endeavors to maintain a strategic distance from an atomic clash.
The New Deal helped some Americans through the Great Depression, but it wasn’t until the U.S entered WWII against Japan and Germany that the economy finally escaped the the Great Depression. After Germany and Japan were defeated, the U.S.A and U.S.S.R (Russia) were the most powerful countries in the world (known as superpowers). The United States and the U.S.S.R fought allies through two worlds wars against Germany , but by the end of the Second War (1945) their relationships was falling apart. Conflicts arose in friendships.
As the Britannica Encyclopedia states,“The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion made Kennedy appear weak, inexperienced, indecisive, and the Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, tried to capitalize on the youthful American president’s failings. Four months after the invasion Khrushchev began building the Wall to divide Communist East Berlin from West Berlin. Less than a year later Khrushchev and Castro planned to install nuclear missiles on the island of Cuba—only ninety miles from the United States—a decision that precipitated the Cuban Missile Crisis and brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.” Additionally, the Office of the Historian states, “The failed invasion strengthened the position of Castro’s administration, which proceeded to openly proclaim its intention to adopt socialism and pursue closer ties with the Soviet Union.”