The term "export" is derived from the conceptual meaning as companies produce products in their own countries and sell goods to customers in foreign countries. Exporting allows a company to centrally produce its products for several markets and therefore to gain economies of scale since many countries do not offer a large enough opportunity to justify local production. ‘Export development is associated to high levels of cooperation between exporters and importers, high levels of trust, and communication sufﬁciency.’(Rodriguez, Wize & Martinez 2013, p.1646)One of the advantages is that makes the company less dependent on sales in its home market and provides a wider range of goods and services In addition, the potential market is bigger by selling overseas. Foreign sales over the long term, it will increase overall profitability once export development costs have been covered. Besides, exporting also provides a greater degree of control over all aspects of transaction such as design, production decisions and research.
The first multinational company is the East India Company and it has begun the operation for years 1600 followed by the Dutch-East India Company, founded on 20th March 1602, which would become the largest company in the world for nearly 200 years. Some multinational companies are very large with budgets that exceed some of the nations ' GDP-s and can also give a great impact on the local economies, and even in the entire world economy and they have an important role in the international relations and globalization. Such countries represent around 80% of the total population, and interpret about 20% of the world 's economic systems. (Antoine Van Agtmael 1981). The world’s 500 largest and multinational companies generated about of $27.6 trillion in revenues and $1.5 trillion in profits for the year 2015 and employed 67 million people worldwide and they are represented by 33 countries.
Many people believe that big businesses pose a threat to the future of America. Big business owners continue to get rich by taking advantage of its employees and their consumers, leaving them in a continuous state of demand. One of the first large corporations to form in America
Being one of the fifth largest producers of this type of equipment globally emphasize its focus is on heavy equipment manufacturing. However, due to the competitiveness of the heavy equipment industry, companies often must innovate with greater levels of diversification, only with that come with continuing growth and success. Alternatively, the most significant innovation is the multidivisional structure which is also known as (M-form). This structure consists of a corporate office
Multinational corporations can be defined as enterprises operating in several countries but are managed from their home country. Generally, any company that acquires a quarter of its revenue from operations outside of its home country is considered to be a multinational corporation. Today the multinational corporations have a radical effect on the economic system all over the world. This is due to the growth of international business of the multinationals, which has tremendous effect on the traditional forms of international trade and capital flows for economies at large. In the world economy they create a powerful force.
Firstly, what definitely is a corporation? Corporation is the most common of business organization formed by a faction of people. Corporations are very powerful and gigantic firms which exist as a legal entity. Functional according to several rights and owned by stockholders who shares profits which are the most important aspect in a corporation named liability. By law, a corporation has plenty of the same rights as a person.
media conglomerates: A media conglomerate or media group is a company that owns large numbers of companies in various mass media such as television, radio, publishing, movies, and the Internet. Or we can simply say that "Media conglomerates strive for policies that facilitate their control of the markets around the world." is a modern generalized description.”(Michael Pertschuck, and Scott Sherman, (1999). "Editorials" (Nation)) These media conglomerates exist in Europe, Asia and Latin America. According to the Fortune 500 list of 2014 The Walt Disney Company is America 's largest media conglomerate in terms of revenue with 21st Century Fox, Time Warner, CBS Corporation, and Viacom are amongst the top five.
“Conglomerate integration occurs when a company produces a number of different product lines in a variety of countries” (O 'Brien and Williams 2013). There are few multinational corporations that fit this description better than Proctor and Gamble. Proctor and Gamble, commonly referred to as P&G, is everywhere. It is a multinational corporation that has been catering to a wide variety of sectors since 1837- including cleaning products, health care, and beauty. As of 2014, $83.1 billion dollars in sales had been recorded.
During the Industrial Revolution many business leaders were very successful. American people at the time were controversial as to if these Big Businessmen were robber barons or captains of industry. This dispute even continues into present time. Business men should be considered captains of industry. A captain of industry is defined as “a business leader whose means of amassing personal fortune contributes positively to the country in some way.” Furthermore, a business leader who increased productivity, expanded markets, provided more jobs, or showed acts of philanthropy were considered captains of industry.
Once a company engages in foreign investment it becomes known as a multinational enterprise (MNE). Foreign investment can be made either directly or indirectly. Foreign direct investment (FDI) involves company’s investing in tangible assets such as land, buildings & factories, machines or other equipment in a foreign host country. There are two types of FDI, Greenfield and Brownfield investment. Greenfield investment involves a