This was because, the British ruined their lands, by stripping their forests and forcing them to grow cash crops. However, the Indians were positively impacted socially. This was because the British brought them universities, and museums that helped revolutionize Indian society, and the British also ended many negative social concepts, like highway robbery, widow suicide, and female infanticide. All around, British Imperialism had a huge effect on the India we have today. It's easy to wonder, and try to imagine what India would be like today, without British
Other revolutions mainly the American Revolution influenced the French Revolution. The American Revolution happened right before the French Revolution in about the 1600s. Since this revolution was glorious, and the French people saw it happening they got some ideas from it. If the American Revolution was robust enough to take out the British army from America and they were successful, why they could not make the same thing with the nobles? So, they did, and with it, they created the reign of terror while they did not have a democratic
Enlightenment?” Between the 18th and 19th centuries, two considerable revolutions reflected the ideals of the Enlightenment.Though these ideals played a substantial role in both revolutions, they were more significantly shown in the American Revolution. The French Revolution began with intentions following the Enlightenment ideals but ended up with strong feelings of fear driving the people rather than princples. Enlightenment ideals heavily emphasized the importance and rights of each individual, white man; these were called natural rights. These ideals encompassed popular sovereignty where the opinions of the majority were emphasized. The Enlightenment continued the ideas of the Scientific Revolution in which there was a great emphasis on human reasoning and how it could answer questions about nature; in the Enlightenment, people believed that human reasoning could be used to solve any issues in society or politics.
The French Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, and experienced violent periods of political turmoil. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, it profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. There are mainly three aspects of the causes of the French Revolution—political, economic and cultural. The inequality of the French government’s policies in favor of the first two estates is a main factor of the French Revolution. A chart revealing the life of Frenchmen in 1789shows the differences among the nobles, clergies and the Third Estate.
The British economy was still hurting from the French and Indian War, and these boycotts were further hurting the British economy. While the taxation was a turning point for the colonist to gain patriotic support in favor of the American Revolution, it was also a way for France to undermine the British. Once the colonist declared war on Great Britain, France was ready to support the American Revolutions. Having lost the French and Indian ware, the French were more than willing to help the colonist defeat the British. The French lent the colonist, money, gun powder and spent a great deal of money in American ports buying supplies from the locals and boasted the colony economy.
This sharing of power added ideas from the newly formed government that focused on the freedoms of citizens in England. Voltaire contended that the English government had successfully limited the power of the monarchy by affirming the power of the nobility, criticizing the French feudal system for its inability to share political power amongst the citizens of France (6). Advocating a limited monarchy to hold political discussions concerning the progress of the French government towards liberal reforms during the French Revolution. Voltaire as an enlightened philosophe, published papers about the rationality of the French government, which influenced his attitude towards the English constitutional monarchy that implemented the enlightened ideal of liberty. John Locke wrote that the purpose of electing legislative powers was to create laws and rules that protected the “properties of all the members of society,” a natural right of mankind (5).
One of the most controversial rulers was Maximilien Robespierre, a leader of France’s National Convention who was known for his widespread use of the guillotine and radical political notions over France to guarantee that all French citizens were true supporters of the Revolution. His behavior terrorized French society and completely shook the time to its core. While some historians may argue that he was a revolutionary working for the betterment of France, it is more accurately supported that Robespierre terrorized French society as a genuine tyrant. Maximilien Robespierre, regardless of his oppression, did care about the improvement of France as a whole, thus making him a revolutionary. From the beginning, Robespierre followed the ideology of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Andress 105).
When he rose to power, French citizens believed that Napoleon was the person who was finally going to pull their country out of political turmoil. According to Jackson Spielvogel, “In a sense, Napoleon brought the Revolution to an end, but he was also its child… he never ceased to remind the French that they owed to him the preservation of all that was beneficial in the revolutionary program.” Napoleon constantly reminded his people that he felt that it was important to preserve the ideas of the French Revolution in order to display his dedication to his country. According to Míríam Greenblatt, most soldiers who fought for France also understood Napoleon’s close connection with
The goals for Austrias revolution was based on nationalist ideas such as the want for more independence and the splitting up of the Austrian Empire. Austria wanted to get rid of their leader, Metternich, because he was the one who had been working for years to hold the empire together. Some of Austrias revolution was caused by the revolutions in France at the time. In effort to force Metternich out of power, revolts were happening in Vienna. The fighting in Vienna was mainly between Austria and France.
Moreover, the middle-class did not like socialism and communism, making Fascism very compelling. The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to pay for damages to France and Great Britain. Additionally, Germany’s economy collapsed as the Great Depression settled in. When Hitler declared World War II, the rich business owners would side with him because it would profit them the most. Despite withdrawing from the war early, Russia suffered severely due to