Imperialism in Africa was caused by three important driving factors, greed, pride and sloth. The European colonies wanted money, and power, and they would do anything to gain it. What was so important that Europeans needed to take over Africa? Imperialism in Africa was a greedy, pride-led and technology induced time for European colonies who wanted everything to themselves. Pride was one of the leading factors of Imperialism in Africa; Europeans wanted to express their power by taking over different African colonies.
To solve the economic and political problems facing Great Britain, their government decided to expand their nation into foreign territories. This lead to imperialism, or the spread of one nation’s power and influence over another through military might or diplomacy. The goal of Great Britain’s imperialistic drive in Africa was to spread and protect its nationalism, support advances in technology, and ultimately improve its economic position in the world. With the population growth in Great Britain and surrounding nations, it became necessary to colonize other territories to grow and expand their power. European countries believed this was necessary to protect their nationalism or identity.
When faced with 19th-century European colonialism, Japan fared the best compared to India and the Congo. The reasons behind European colonization was Industry and social darwinism. Social darwinism is the belief that certain groups of people were genetically predisposed to specific jobs and tasks. Through the theory, Europeans came to believe that because of their predisposition they had the right to rule over others, which is also known as imperialism. Imperialism can be defined as “the takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation to dominate the political, economic, and social life of the people of that nation.” Moreover, since social darwinism supported imperialism, it, therefore, justified racism.
This later on had to do with the controlling portions of Africa. “In the late 1800’s tension had arisen during the battle for Africa, when the other countries such as France, Germany, and Britain had secured the remaining of the continent.” During this time imperialism was also a part of nationalism course. Imperialism Started many wars and was the cause of the of numerous different wars, such as France and
“Europeans in the late 19th century increasingly chose to safeguard their access to markets, raw materials, and returns on their investments by seizing outright political and military control of the undeveloped world,” (Authentic History, “The Origins of WWI”), due to imperialism.The fourth main cause was nationalism which is a feeling of intense pride in one’s
The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated. Britain didn’t want this surplus population to go to waste, so the colonization of Africa was a good excuse to export these people so that they could help in taking over Africa. Overall, the reason for Britain’s colonization campaign for Africa was to show superiority to other nations, for natural recourses, and oversight on African trades. It’s clear that they were driven by economic and strategic
Foreign relations between the U.S. and other nations during the late 1800s and early 1900s increased and became more complex as their involvement within global affairs likewise intensified. Moreover, major reasons for these increased relations included political, economic, religious, and cultural reasons, and for the purpose of saving the idea of masculinity within American men. Imperialism, according to Merriam-Webster dictionary, is the extension of power of a particular nation for the desire of gaining control or dominion over territory. For the U.S., imperialism became a
John Isbister’s article, “Imperialism,” he explains how the past contributes to the realities of poor and rich countries today. The first wave of imperialism started with voyages to the in the “new world” where Western powers created and maintained colonies through military might. Colonizers not only dominated the people in their colonies, but they dominated their colony’s environment, stripping the places of their natural resources. These colonies were used for economic gains. The West’s demand for raw materials also began the trend of disregard for the environment.
Imperialism in the late nineteenth century was sparked from the rise of industrialization throughout the world and the competition for new territory. Modernized countries took advantage of uncivilized nations in order to utilize their available resources and to compete with their civilized counterparts. Western imperialist countries in the late nineteenth century exploited periphery countries and hindered them economically and human-environmentally for the purpose of their own wealth and benefit, despite some arguments that outline a mutually beneficial global economy from imposing a strong, powerful government in these unstable places in order to control and maintain the chaotic behavior of the natives. By using the India and Congo case studies,
Some of the things that caused the Scramble for Africa were, end of the slave trade, capitalism, and medical reasons. Economically this occurred because Africa is rich in resources such as gold, diamond, and other minerals. So basically what this “Scramble for Africa” was the competition between European powers for colonies in Africa. The availability of raw materials and labor meant that most of Africa was invaded and divided up. The Berlin Conference of 1884 regulated European colonization
Even so, Africa was one of their main focal points because of the resources and cheap labor it offered. When Britain invaded Africa, their presence altered the natives culture and traditions such as religion, and language. In addition, Europeans carried something called the “White Man 's Burden.” The so called burden was the fact of being forced to help the natives under political pressure. As more and more white men came over from Britain, conflicts erupted because both the natives and white men were unhappy with each others presence. Imperialism played a strong role leading up to World War I because nationally, more land equaled out to more power and resources.
When the technology became better, Europeans were finally able to go to Africa and get more raw materials. What was the most important motive for european imperialism in Africa? The motives for imperialism in Africa was political competition, moral duty, and most importantly economic motives. A motive for european imperialism in Africa was political competition. All together there was 7 countries that colonized Africa.“ Make your country a royal throne of kings… the world a source of light, a center of peace.
The second reason/cause is “Imperialism” - when a country increases their power and wealth by bringing additional territories under their control. Before World War 1, Africa and parts of Asia were points of contention amongst the European countries. This was especially true because of the raw materials these areas could provide.