Influence of Lord Henry in The Picture of Dorian Gray 1. Introduction The turn from the 19th to the 20th century has given to the world a whole group of literary geniuses. It was a time of cardinal changes, the death of the old principles, of revolutions and wars. Former ideas and rules disappear and it slowly, but inevitably leads to the generation of the new directions in literature, philosophy, and art. One of is such movements was a new aestheticism, which roots go to romanticism.
Accused radical individuals such as Denis Diderot felt that is was important to have knowledge amongst all classes. As a scholarly romantic, he believed in the good nature of people but felt that without access to knowledge no one would ever be able to live up to their truly good potential. If the French Revolution was able to have foreshadowing like a novel, Diderot would be ample evidence of such as he states, “Revolutions are necessary; there have always been revolutions, and there always will be.” Not only did Diderot feel that a revolution was necessary, but he felt that the more knowledge gathered over time, the more revolutions would be necessary in order to create the most equal and empathetic society. This positive- at the time radical- position towards the equality of mankind was a necessary stepping point in the passionate and romantic qualities of the upcoming French Revolution. With Diderot’s encyclopedia in hand, the beginnings of the revolutionary idea of equality began to take place.
He found man to be ultimately good in nature, and that society 's influence and pretentiousness are what spoiled man 's essential goodness. Rousseau 's philosophy combined between the realistic and ideal, and he aspired to a better world. Rousseau introduced one of the principles that later on would be a major characteristic of Romanticism, that is: in art, the free expression of creativity is more important than following formal rules and traditions. His views were opposed to those of his contemporaries who preferred to put order to the chaos of human experience. His Romanticism further developed in his novel, The New Eloise, and is praised as one of his greatest works.
The Romantic period lasted from 1750 to 1870, and this era began in Britain. The years for when the era has begun is very broad, and there are many different dates being stated for as when the period has begun. The period before the Romantic period is the Classical period, and there has been a shift from the Classical to Romantic era, from when the different composers started to express the intense feelings in their music. Also, many socio-political revolutions in the late 18th century resulted in new social orders and new ways of life and thought, so composers of the period started to add emotions into their pieces, causing a shift from the Classical era to the Romantic era. The Romantic period is a period where artists of different genres became determined in conveying their personal emotions.
In England, Romanticism had its extraordinary effect from the end of the eighteenth century up through around 1870. Its essential wellspring of statement was in verse, in spite of the fact that authors and artists embraced the same subjects. Firstly, Romanticism is concerned with the individual more than with the general public. The individual awareness and particularly with individual creative energy are particularly all the more
The values of Romanticism include the idea of individualism, human’s respect toward nature, and the emphasis on emotions. During the Romantic Era, many authors began to promote individuality and to oppose the society. In their art works, Romanticists often try to convince the public that all individuals should be unique, different from everyone else. Instead of following the social trends and copy others, individuals should trust their own decisions. The idea of individuality is clearly presented in Self Reliance, a prose written by Ralph Emerson.
Imperialism. A policy in which many countries around the world used, extending their power and influence through military force and diplomacy. During the 19th century, the ideology of imperialism was very popular in the United States and in other European countries as well. This lead to many countries such as England, France, Germany, Russia including the U.S competing with each other searching for ways for justify their power and world- wide influence. Although many people believe was a great way to make uncivilized people civilized, become educated,etc some believed that imperialism did not free the countries in which those civilised nation conquered under imperialism.
It was launched mainly to create "art for art 's sake" and to exalt taste, the pursuit of beauty, and self-expression over moral expectations and restrictive conformity. The freedom of creative expression and sensuality that Aestheticism promoted exhilarated its adherents, but it also made them the object of ridicule among conservative Victorians. Nonetheless, by rejecting art 's traditionally didactic obligations and focusing on self-expression, the Aesthetic movement set the stage for global, twentieth-century modern art. This movement is supported by notable and contemporary critic figure such as Walter Pater and Oscar Wilde. Oscar Wilde was a contemporary critic and a playwright.
Romantic Features in Robinson Crusoe The book of The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1719) by Daniel Defoe is usually viewed as contained of modern values, compared to the chivalric values in previous age. The change of language, style, characterization, and the essence or idea interests people of the age to this newness. And the book becomes regarded as the 'novel ' because of its innovation. Anyway, the novel is noticeably worth to study not only from the aspect of its newness, maybe it leaves more the word 'novel ' but also the effects on the later age, in Romantic literature. Many Romantic tropes seem to be founded beforehand in The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe; Defoe 's characterization of Robinson Crusoe, setting, language,
‘The Guide’ Realism is one of the most prominent literature movements which succeeded Romanticism during the second half of nineteenth century, originating from France throughout Europe and subsequently to the United States of America. By definition, realism is an aesthetic movement which aims to describe life particularly focusing on the middle class life as how it is in an accurate manner without prejudice, idealistic elements, and romanticism. Realism is considered as a reaction against Romanticism. Readers are able to communicate and identify with the characters and the world in which they live in easily with the employment of realism in literature. In realism, the characters are more valued than the plot and the events occurring in realist