Divisions of the Telencephalon The brain is divided into three parts, namely the forebrain, midbrain and the hindbrain. Telencephalon is the anterior part of the forebrain and contains the left and the right cerebral hemispheres(Freberg, 2009). The main divisions of the telencephalon are the cerebral cortex, which is made up of gray matter, the hippocampus, the amygdala, the olfactory bulb and the basal ganglia. Primary functions of each division Each division of the telencephalon has a number of functions as listed below. Cerebral Cortex This is the outer covering of the cerebral hemispheres that has a wrinkled appearance which provides enough surface area for cortical cells(Freberg, 2009).
Cerebellum is a complex structure of neurons located at the base of structure in the posterior fossa. It lies back to the occipital lobe of the brain and dorsal to the brainstem, at the level of the pons and the medulla. The cerebellum is separated from the brain stem by the fourth ventricle. It is also connected to the brainstem by three branches: 1. superior cerebellar branch 2. medial cerebellar branch 3. inferior cerebellar branch Cerebellum functions as the motor brain and it is important for many functions ex: maintenance of balance, to control the posture, gait stability, it also helps in the coordination of voluntary movement, and in the motor learning. So the cerebellum has been considered as the motor structure, it is also important
Cerebral cortex is divided into four important lobes which is the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe and parietal lobe. These are the first areas of the cerebral cortex to receive signals from each of the senses. The first lobe is frontal lobe which is located at the front of the brain. This lobe works in reasoning, motor skills, higher level cognition and expressive language. The motor cortex is located at the back side of the frontal lobe.
The brain stem links the brain with the spinal cord and moves muscle. The limbic system links together our emotions, and how we respond to certain things or events. Finally, the cerebral cortex which is the biggest part of the brain. It is divided into four areas called lobes. Some areas process information from our senses, allowing us to see, feel, hear, and taste.
The brain is the most complex and magnificent organ of the human body. It controls the muscle movements, the secretions of glands,breathing and internal temperature. Every creative thought, feeling, and plan is developed by the brain. The brain acts as the body’s control center. The human brain can be divided into the forebrain, mid-brain and hind-brain.
Humans tend to give most focus to this encoding system, due to its ability to store goal-oriented information. Things that are essential to success in daily situations are seen as a primary target in a particular situation. Therefore, objectives are reached by referring to rules and strategies that have been used before, which is the knowledge that is stored in IM and is utilized most frequently (Schank,
Similar humans, corvids have large forebrain. Forebrain is used to assess the information from sensory organs. In addition forebrain’s function is problem-solving as well as other processes such as imitation and insight. Experiments I described earlier show us that corvids are known problem solvers. Even if you haven 't heard about those experiments before, you might have noticed them solving some problems they encounter in their native environment.
It is thought that the hippocampus works with the amygdala, which is another important part of the limbic system responsible for fear and for storing memories of events for future recognition. Thus both the hippocampus and the limbic system play essential roles in human memory. Experts believe the hippocampus may work as a gateway through which new memories pass to enter to the permanent long-term memory storage.5 It is generally agreed that the hippocampus also has part of the role of detecting new surroundings, occurrences and stimuli. Some scientists believe it is specifically involved in declarative memory (explicit memory), which is one of the two main types of memory into which long-term memory is divided, and consists of facts, events and performance skills that can be consciously recalled or declared. It has to do with information that can be explicitly stored and
Neural Influences involves understanding that aggression is not solely formed in one particular area of the brain. Yet, researchers have identified several different parts of the brain involved in the production and control of aggressive behaviour, these included the hypothalamus and the amygdala. The hypothalamus is section of the brain, which helps form new memories, coordinates both the automatic nervous system and the activity of the pituitary. The amygdala is involved with experiencing
The cerebral cortex is made up of tightly packed neurons and is the wrinkly outermost layers that surrounds the brain. The cortex is divided into four different lobes, the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital. It is responsible for higher thought processes including speech, and decision making which respectively is the equivalent to
One system of the brain is commonly referred to as the “old brain”. This inner core layer of the brain keeps the body’s basic functions running smoothly. Another system is the limbic system, which includes the amygdala, hypothalamus, and hippocampus. These structures are responsible for memory, motivation, emotion, and learning. The largest part of the brain is the
Within the brain, the Broca’s area is involved in speech production and is located in the frontal lobe of the left hemisphere of the brain. However, it has been argued by (Nishitani, N., Schurmann, M., Amunts, K. et al, 2005) that it has been found that it helps in the sequencing of actions, as well as the possibility of evolution into interindividual communication, both by gestures and speech. The Wernicke’s area is responsible for development and comprehension of language and is located in the temporal lobe of the left hemisphere of the brain. Any injury to these areas of the brain can result in either Broca’s or Wernicke’s Aphasia. If the injury encompassed both the Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas of the brain, the condition is known as Global