Major Tenets Of Educational Philosophy

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Identify philosophy, psychology, and sociology concepts that influence the development of an educational philosophy.

•The concepts that influence the development of an educational philosophy are the curriculums based on behaviorism, essentialism, positivism, progressivism, humanism, and constructivism. They are influential from both a teacher-centered perspective and a student-centered perspective.

2.Identify the major tenets of the teacher-centered educational philosophies of essentialism, behaviorism, and positivism.

•Essentialism relates to the philosophy of providing basic information and skills that one ought to know or needs to know. The idea is to educate, transmit culture, and develop citizens. Essentialism focuses on the
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It limits the truth and knowledge to what observable and measureable.

3.Identify the major tenets of the student-centered educational philosophies of progressivism, humanism, and constructivism.

•Progressivism emphasizes that ideas should be tested by experimentation and that learning is rooted in questions developed by the learner. Human experiences are the basis for knowledge. Progressivism emphasizes on how to think rather than what to think. The major tenet in schools is to become an important social institution. , and take on the task of improving society.

•Humanism insists that humans are innately good. They are born free, but enslaved by institutions. Humanism prefers individualized development instead of group-oriented education. Students are encouraged to be active and make their own choices. The curriculum is open-accessed.

•Constructivism emphasizes a hands-on, activity-based teaching and learning process. Students can infer and discover their own answer. They are in charge of the learning process. Discussions from different points of view are encouraged. The environment is open and ideas are easily
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•Change as adaptation (promoting stability in schools and enabling one to adapt in larger environments)

•Change as rational process (schools take the lead and provide an environment in which students can learn analytic skills and help determining the direction in which society should go)

•Change as dialect (students can help explore the tension between the individual and society)

SII (Strengths, Improvement, and Insights):

1. Strength: What were the main strengths in completing the chapter learning objective as questions, and why was it a strength?

•My main strengths for this chapter were identifying which educational philosophies that I mostly related to. Another strength was distinguishing the differences and similarities between the philosophies. Another was putting together my own outline of my personal philosophy.

2. Improvement: What do I need to improve in completing the next chapter journal reflection? What plan/s do I need to follow to improve ?

•At first, I had difficulty in answering the first learning outcome because I didn’t quite understand what being asked. My plan for improvement in the next chapter journals is to try to personifying the chapter and actually think about how it relates to what I believe about teaching and

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