However, the way that learner proceed to each stage and the theoretical approach to the conditioning and development can be emerged in constructivism. Constructivism is an operating, constructive process as a paradigm. The theory thinks the people voluntary build their own representation or knowledge in an objective matter. It applied learning theory and the nature of knowledge. The constructivism view demonstrates the importance of focusing on the learner’s thinking about learning rather than its subject.
Abstract In original usage, student-centric learning aims to develop learner autonomy and independence by putting responsibility for the learning path in the hands of students. Student-centric instruction focuses on skills and practices that enable lifelong learning and independent problem-solving. Student- centric learning puts students ' interests first, acknowledging student voice as central to the learning experience. In a student-centric classroom, students choose what they will learn, how they will learn, and how they will assess their own learning. student-centric learning requires students to be active, responsible participants in their own learning and with their own pace of learning Usage of the term "student-centric learning" may also simply refer to educational mindsets or
Bruner Piaget influenced Bruner on his research about Child development, he believed that learning is an active process and that learners need to develop their own knowledge and ideas using their current or previous knowledge. The effective instruction includes: • Personalized: instruction should relate to learner’s experiences that motivates the student to learn from within one’s self. • Content Structure: Content must be designed so it can be easily grasped by the student. He also called this aspect a “Spiral curriculum” building thinking and learning skills over time to make it deeper and more complex, builds on itself. • Sequencing: An important aspect of material presentation.
Similarly, this theory gave me insight to explore the aims of this study. By using this theory, I saw whether the students influence by teachers ' nonverbal behaviors or not. Furthermore, this theory provided students to learn through observation and modelling of the teacher wich supported me explore teachers ' nonverbal behaviors, students ' perceptions towards nonverbal behaviors and how do they influence learning English. Hence, Social Cognitive Theory provided major theoritical foundation for
Assessments: peer and self-assessment are crucial in providing opportunity to metacognitive thinking about education, in addition to assess own progression for meaningful productive feedback. 5. Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments.
As a teacher, it is my responsibility to aid my students in developing the necessary skills that will further their self-regulated learning experience, and allow them to comprehend that using self-regulation strategies can directly influence their learning and grades. To do this, I would first have to select a behavior that I would like my students to be able to self-monitor, then collect baseline data to act as an objective benchmark for comparing pre and post strategy work, motivate my students to actively participate in self-monitoring, introduce the necessary procedures, allow my students to independently practice the strategies, and then evaluate how effective the strategy was for my students (Zimmerman, Bonner, & Kovach, 1996). These six stages of implementing self-regulation strategies into a classroom setting are vitally important as they benefit new teachers, such as myself; actualize the process of self-regulation among
This proposition is inspired in Bruner’s view, “Knowing is a process, not a product” (Zuber-Skerritt, 2013). Zuber-Skerritt (2013) said that a process of learning will lead to an outcome; and outcomes of learning are the result of a process. Second proposition is “All learning is a re-learning”. Kolb and Kolb (2013) explained that “Learning” is best facilitated by a process that draws out the students’ beliefs and ideas about a topic so that they can be examined, tested and integrated with new, more refined ideas. Piaget called this proposition constructivism.
Reflection Paper 1 About the explicit curriculum Vs implicit curriculum In order to clarify about preferring of explicit curriculum or implicit curriculum, the learners must be understood how both curriculums works as a field of education. Teachers designing their curriculum must consider how the environment of the classroom will impact students. A student will learn from what is taught in a class and from how that class is taught. That student will also take lessons from how her/his class and school are organized. These are the concepts of explicit and implicit curriculum, and they help educators think about the different ways students learn so they can design more effective methods of teaching.
As concerns instruction, the instructor must try and encourage students to discover principles for themselves. The duty of the instructor is to render information to be learned into a format appropriate to the learner's current state of understanding. Social constructivism emphasizes the importance of the learner being actively involved in the learning process, contrasting earlier educational viewpoints where the responsibility rests with the instructor to teach and where the student plays a submissive, receptive role. Von Glasersfeld (1989) emphasizes that learners construct their own understanding and those that do not simply mirror and reflect what they read. Learners look for meaning and will attempt to find consistency and order in the
The concept of learning is changing from lecturers teaching to student learning. The assumption of this shift is based on students who are expected to improve their ability in enriching knowledge, attitudes and skills based on competencies in the curriculum. Thus, it can be said that student activeness is an indicator of meaningful learning. Meaningful learning is an approach in the management of learning systems through active learning ways toward independent learning. The ability to learn independently is the ultimate goal of meaningful learning.