Not all countries have Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) and this should change as this treatment helps many HIV- positive patients survive for a longer period. National Perspective: India is the third largest country which has the highest rate of people living with HIV. In India, there are 2.1 million people living with HIV and there have been about 68 000 deaths caused by AIDS, which is the last stage of HIV. Out of 2.1 million people, merely 41% are using antiretroviral therapy (ART). There are many ways of HIV transmission in India but one main source of high transmission rates would be through migration workers and truckers.
Malaria remains the most common cause of illness and death in the country, accounting for about 50% of outpatient visits and 38% of hospital admissions. Malaria accounts for about 41% of all hospital deaths among children aged under 5 years (see figure). Hypertension, diabetes and mental illnesses are increasing with drastic changes in lifestyle and drug abuse. The greatest burden of disease is on rural populations, and on females within the rural population. The greatest burden of disease is on rural populations, and on females within the rural population.
Data provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show four of those six states ranked in the top half of all states for having the lowest homicide rates. Two of the states ranked in the top 6. Further, many cities with very low legal gun ownership rates and stringent gun-control laws, such as Chicago have extremely high gun-related murder rates. Gun-control laws also don’t prevent mass shooting. An analysis conducted by statistician Leah Libresco shows Australia and Britain have not experienced fewer mass shootings since enacting their very strict gun-control
In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher. Providing treatment to all who need it would be costly (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2012). Rough estimates show that treating all drug-dependent persons worldwide would cost $200 billion-250 billion
The challenge is to reduce the difference in mortality and morbidity rates between rich and poor and to increase the quality of life and sense of wellbeing of the whole local community. Health inequities are differences in health status or in the distribution of health resources between different population groups, arising from the social conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. Health inequities are unfair and could be reduced by the right mix of government policies. Every day 21 000 children die before their fifth birthday. They die of pneumonia, malaria, diarrhoea and other diseases.
The prevalence of low birth weight is highest in the South Asian region. India, the most populous country in South Asia accounts for 40 percent of low birth weight babies in the overall developing world (UNICEF 2004). In most cases, the birth-weight of babies is not measured in India because majority of births taking place outside the
With the failure of the rehabilitation programs, the United States had to turn to the retribution model of punishment. Also at the turn of the decade into the 80’s, The War on Drugs kick started the epidemic of prison overcrowding, and launched America into a downward plunge of economic and political turmoil. The mandatory minimum sentencing policy that was in place did not help the situation either, giving long incarceration sentences to prisoners who didn’t deserve it. Criminals were given the minimum sentences for crimes, and judges carried them out precisely. Race and poverty were also side contributors that contributed to the bigger picture of the issue.
According to Predictions of Unintended Pregnancy in Kersa, Eastern Ethiopia ‘Unsafe abortions accounted for 14% of all maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa, where half of the world’s maternal deaths occur.’ Child Mortality Rate in Ethiopia says that ‘It is sound recognized that childhood mortality is quite high due to poverty and other social factors or to poor medical care.’ Unfortunately, infant and under-5 mortality is still relatively
For some, freedom is not given. For some, freedom is how things are in which a common situation in everyday life. Realize it or not, human trafficking is still happening today. For every 30 seconds, another person becomes a victim of the trafficking industry. Today, according to ILO research, not only there are more than 21 million people being trafficked worldwide but also an illegal annual profits that may exceeds USD $150 billion, in such a way making trafficking industry as the second largest black market industry in the world.
Arising mental health issues due to the horror genocide are frequent because they lack the capacity to mitigate such risks.HIV/AIDS and malaria remains to be a national disaster that greatly affects the economy through loss of labor and a desperate society with no one to take care of the other due to incapacitation. Malaria is resulting to mortality for children under the age of five years this accounts to 35% of malaria related deaths (Binagwaho and Kyamanywa, 2013). . Despite the government's commitment to combat HIV/AIDS, mother to child transmission situation has risen from 9.8% in2003 to 11.2 in 2005.a 22.5% reduction in mortality rates has been noted between 2000-2005.malaria mortality rate has reduced for children under five from 10.0% in 2001 to 2.1 in