When the Australasian Federal Convention met, in Adelaide, Sydney and Melbourne in 1897 and early 1898, the representatives modified the draft made in 1891. The Australian Constitution was retained in the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Bill, which was signed by the voters of each Australian colony at referendums in 1898, 1899 and 1900, passed by the British Parliament on the 9th July 1900. The Constitution is the legal framework for how Australia is governed and it can only be changed
Initially the British East India Company made considerable trade with India and searched for a safe harbor in Malaya and therefore in 1819 they founded a trading post at Singapore. Then, in 1824, came into play the treaty of London dividing the land between the British and the Dutch and therefore Britain gained Melaka. Some revolutions arose and were violently repressed but this firmer clutch, as well, started to soften up and in 1853. Britain removed the taxes on tin, then established a protectorate and with increasing influence more Malayan states joined its protectorate, and Britain respected it’s terms. Britain faced the Japanese, even if she lost, in 1942 and then regained control in late 1944 and in 1946 formed the Malayan Union therefore placing the former crown controlled colonies under a unified administration but because it wanted to separate Singapore from it keeping it as a directly controlled crown colony, dissent increased and finally the Malayan Union was replaced 2 years later by the Federation of Malaya which echoed the original positions of the Malayan
Like Confucianism and Daoism, Shintoism also originated with a Chinese background by originally starting in Japan. They also share the commonality of visiting shrines and graves to pay respect to their religious deities. Both religions follow multiply deities and are not devoted to just one. They follow the way of the deities. The most unique thing these religion share is the fact that Buddha is followed by many Daoist’s and Shintoist.
Indeed, Malaya was divided in the Malay States which were under indirect British rule as well as the Straits Settlements that were place under the authority of the British crown and the colonial office in London. The nine Malay States were ruled by monarchs or sultans until the British empire created the Federate Malaya State in 1895 after agreeing with four of these state leaders. Once again, the British benefitted of a strategic location in Southeast Asia that had natural resources and yet did not need require direct rule because local leaders were able to keep control while cooperating with the British colonial power making it once again an example of indirect colonialism. However, the other part of Malaya was made of the Straits Settlements originally administered by the East Indian company and which were later directly administered by the British Empire through the late 19th and mid 20th century as local Malaya leaders were replaced by British officials and pre-colonial institutions replaced by British structures. This happened because both economic and military interests were too much at stake in the Straits Settlements and therefore only direct rule could ensure the British interest in the region.
independence from the British. Several days before the independence day, on 27th of August 1957, the first Federal Constitution of Malaya came into force. Then on the 16th of September 1963, the Constitution of Malaya was modified to fit the eleven states of the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak, Sabah, and the State of Singapore to form the Federation of Malaysia. However, in August 1965, Singapore left this newly-formed federation to become an independent republic. Brunei withdrew at the last minute.
In the center of Indonesia is located along ancient trading track between the Middle East, South Asia, and the Far East , resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by multiple religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Confucianism, and Christianity. The outcome is a complicated cultural mixture greatly different from the original indigenous cultures. Examples of cultural joining include the fusion of Hindu with Islam in Javanese Abangan belief, Buddhism and animism inBodha, the fusion of Hinduism, and the fusion of some others. Traditional art, music and sport are put together in a art form called Pencak Silat. Balinese dances are stories about Hindu kingdoms and ancient Buddhist, Islamic art forms are present in Sumatra, mostly in the Minangkabau and Aceh regions.
(n.d.). Southern Thailand: Grievances of the Patani Malays. Retrieved December 2, 2015, from http://www.jis.uum.edu.my/images/pdf/4jis/7southenthai.pdf BAHAWI, N. (2014, February 14). Is Singapore truly multicultural? Retrieved November 26, 2015, from http://www.todayonline.com/singapore/singapore-truly-multicultural?singlepage=true Division for Social Policy and Development.
On December 29, 1845, Texas became the 28th state. Texas had claimed New Mexico east of the Rio Grande but had only made one unsuccessful attempt to occupy it; New Mexico was captured by the U.S. Army in August 1846 and then administered separately from Texas. Mexico acknowledged the loss of territory in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848. Oregon Territory Oregon Country, the territory of North America west of the Rockies to the Pacific, was jointly controlled by the U.S. and Britain following the Anglo-American Convention of 1818 until June 15, 1846 when the Oregon Treaty divided the territory at the 49th parallel . The San Juan Islands were claimed and jointly occupied by the U.S. and the U.K. from 1846–72 due to ambiguities in the treaty .
This article is intended to be a brief overview of the key changes and new concepts which came into force on 1 January 2011, with the enactment of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth), replacing the Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cth) ( 'the TPA '). History of the Australian Consumer Law The Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Act (No. 1) 2010 (Cth) was the first of two Acts to implement the new Australian Consumer Law. The Act was passed by the Commonwealth Parliament on 17 March 2010. On 24 June 2010, the Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No.