This aimed to make free health care available to all, but particularly to the poor and disadvantaged. The health insurance is a social intervention that sought to replace the “cash and carry system” of health care financing and to increase access to basic quality health care through the establishment of district-wide insurance schemes in Ghana (International Labour Organization, 2005). According to Act 650 (2003) of the national health insurance law, the National Health Insurance Authority (NHIA) is authorized to establish the following schemes: District Mutual Health Insurance Scheme, Private Commercial Health Insurance Schemes, and Private Mutual Health Insurance Scheme. Currently, there are 145 district-wide health insurance schemes operating in Ghana of which Brong Ahafo region has 19 administrative centres of NHIS. Three categories of health insurance were authorised.
A “system” may be described as a complex of interacting components together with the relationships among them that permit the identification of a boundary-maintaining entity or process, (Laszlo & Krippner, 1998). What sets apart a health system is that its purpose is concerned with people’s health. A health system has many components. It includes Ministries of Health; healthcare professionals; patients, families, and communities; healthcare facilities; pharmaceutical companies, and other organizations that each play an important role in the promotion, restoration and maintenance of health, (The World Health Report, 2000). Countries all over the world use different types of healthcare systems based on their economic state and the level of organization.
Name: Hui Hei Man Student ID: 12066548d RS401: Health Care Management 2014-2015 Individual Written Report Question 1 Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (TWGH) Jockey Club Rehabilitation Complex (JCRC) is the largest rehabilitation facility in Hong Kong, which is managed by community services division under the administrative structure of TWGHs. It provides residential services, day training and day care services, vocational rehabilitation services and community support services to people with intellectual disability, physical disability, visual impairment and mental illness. In JCRC, there are 6 units of care and attention home for persons with severe disabilities and elderly with visual impairments respectively, 6 units of day activity centres
This factors include; land, labour, capital and organization or entrepreneurship. Traditional economic theory of production measures a single output for a range of inputs. However, works by Banker, Cooper and Charnes in 1978, as well as other researchers extended this single output to multiple output situation which has gained wide appeal and application in not-profit sectors including schools and hospitals In the economics of healthcare, Wagstaf (1996) notes that the individual produces his health by combining health inputs or a bundle of inputs which include hospital services, food, and other inputs. The hospital production refers to how a hospital directly improves a patients’ health or ameliorates sickness while employing available human and material resources. 2.2.2 Pareto Optimality Theory The Pareto optimality concept began in the first half of the 20th century when microeconomic theory approached the efficiency concept from a Pareto perspective.
Biometrics is the application of statistical analysis to biological data. When applying the use of biometrics to the healthcare industry you are able to use multiple sources of biological data to secure every source. However, the healthcare system it is broken down into “four “nested” levels: (1) the individual patient; (2) the care team, which includes professional care providers (e.g., clinicians, pharmacists, and others), the patient, and family members; (3) the organization (e.g., hospital, clinic, nursing home, etc.) that supports the development and work of care teams by providing infrastructure and complementary resources; and (4) the political and economic environment (e.g., regulatory, financial, payment regimes, and markets),
Performance measures are developed in different nation both in government and private organization following their own standard. These are also being used and publicly reported by governmental agencies such as the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and joint commission accreditation organizations such as JCAHO, as well as major insurers, and are often the criteria of pay-for performance demonstration projects. Mostly common measures for heart failure are ACEI or ARB, β-blocker, LV assessment and discharge instruction. Patient self care education, Telemonitoring /home based service counseling about ICD/CRT implantation for patients community heart failure services, anticoagulation or anti platelet drugs and smoking cessation counseling are also giving more importance now a day. The application of performance measures is not a unique method, characteristics of patients, quality of care, socio-economic, hospital-specific factors and collective measures are also important for
Introduction Saint Luke’s Medical Centre (SLMC) is large diversified medical institution with JCI (USA) accreditation, which provides all kinds of medical care in all areas of modern medicine at the level of international standards. It was opened in 1903 in Quezon City (near the capital Manila, Philippines) by American missionaries as a charity hospital, but now it is one of the best medical centers in Southeast Asia (among the top five), the clinical base of the medical college and research center. It collaborates with leading medical centers in the USA, namely New York Presbyterian Hospital and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. It actively practices all branches of medicine, and assistance is provided in accordance with modern Western
Decentralization on Health Personnels at District Level in Indonesia : Strengths, Weakness, and Challenges Indonesia began a process of rapid government decentralization in 1999 from a formerly strong centralized government structure. The World Bank defines decentralization as “the transfer of authority and responsibility for public functions from the central government to intermediate and local governments or quasi independent government organizations and/or the private sector” (Green, 2005). As outlined by Bossert, the underlying notion of decentralization "...implies the expansion of choice at the local level." Using a principal/agent approach, Bossert describes this expansion as "decision space", "the range of effective choice that is
Pakistan’s health care system is divided into categories i.e. public and private health care system along with traditional systems of medicine like Ayurvedi, and Unani (Greek) (Zaidi, 1988; Hassan and Mehmud, 2006). However, the current study is dealing with public sector health workforce related to medical doctors of Sindh chapter, Pakistan. The overall health policy, of health department of Sindh province, is based on “Health for All“, fulfilling this dream currently availing the services of more than 14,000 medical doctors whereas, nursing work force documented up to 2,000 while paramedics serving all over the province is more than 12,000. Presently in Sindh province, number of medical institutions functioning including three medical universities located at Karachi, Jamshoro and Larkana cities respectively moreover two medical colleges; established in Sukkur and Nawabshah excluding 12 Nursing, 10 Midwifery and 5 Public Health Schools for lady health visitors LHVS’ functioning as well.
In the National Capital Region (NCR), particularly in Metro Manila, majority of the hospitals fall under the private-corporation type of classification. On the other hand, smaller urban cities would generally have a sole-ownership type. Big urban cities are also known to have hospitals that provide higher quality of care, i.e. hospitals that are owned by corporations. While those hospitals that are governed by a single proprietorship are known to offer, at the most, a primary level of care.