Malaysian Language In English Research Paper

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2.3 Malaysian dialects
Malaysia is a multiracial country that uses Malay language as its official language. Malaysia is divided into six regions, which are Northern Region, Central Region, East Coast, Sabah, and Sarawak (ThingsAsian, n.d.). Malaysia is comprised of fourteen states, hence the Malay language is spoken in various dialects. The fourteen states are Perlis, Kedah, Pulau Pinang, Perak, Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor, Pahang, Terengganu, Kelantan, Sabah, and Sarawak. These states are divided accordingly to the six regions mentioned above.
According to Holmes (2013), there are two varieties of the same language, with one addressed as High (H) variety and one more is Low (L) variety. H variety is the standard language while L variety is the colloquial or vernacular version of the same language. H variety is used by nobody in daily conversation (Holmes, 2013). Therefore, in this case, standard Malay language is
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In Terengganu dialect, the most obvious one is when nasals are neutralized to velar nasals, especially bilabial [m] sound and dental [n] sound (Mansor, Mansor, & Abd Rahim, 2013). For instance, the words makan is pronounced as makang, malam as malang, jangan as jangang, and kawan as kawang. The [m] and [n] sounds are pronounced as [ŋ] sound after going through neutralization process and it happens all the time in Terengganu dialect. Other than that, there are also words that do not exist in Standard Malay language but in Terengganu dialect (Mansor, Mansor, & Abd Rahim, 2013). For instance, pitih (money), sokmo (selalu), se (satu), and tubik (keluar). Besides, the native speakers of this dialect also pronounce certain words ending with ‘a’ and ‘ak’ with ‘ok’ (Mansor, Mansor, & Abd Rahim, 2013). For instance, the word mana is pronounced as mano, kata as kato, payah as payoh, and bala as balo and many

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