Malcolm X Analysis

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The film “Malcolm X” directed by Spike Lee in 1992 is an autobiography of African American activist Malcolm Little, also known as Malcolm X. Malcolm was born in Omaha, Nebraska on May 19th, 1925 to Earl and Louise Little (SparkNotes Editors, 2003). The film portrays key aspects of Malcolm’s life starting from the murder of his father by white supremacists and his mother’s deteriorating mental illness. It documents Malcolm’s teenage years in Boston and New York City where he turned to a life of crime and drugs, similar to most adolescent African Americans within this time. In 1946, he was convicted for burglary and was sentenced to ten years in prison. In prison he transformed himself and converted to the Black Islam faith, adopting the last name X to symbolize the loss of identity of his Black American ancestors. Upon his release in 1952 he meets the nation’s leader, Elijah Muhammad and becomes one of the most prominent speakers for the nation advocating black unity and militancy. However, in 1964 after a divisive argument with Muhammad, Malcolm gets suspended and leaves the Nation of Islam. Following a pilgrimage to Mecca, he witnesses all Muslims of various races living in harmony and establishes his own organization named Muslim Mosque Inc., redefining the philosophies of “Black Power” and instead encouraged that African Americans and whites can in fact live in unity. As a result, he is assassinated at a rally in Harlem on February 21, 1965 by the “Black Muslims” due to

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