Malcolm X History

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1. The name Malcolm X given by the Nation of Islam in 1952; the name Malcolm Little given by his parents on May 19, 1925; his last name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz was given by the Sunni Islam in 1964. He was three extremely different people during his short life span of just 39 years. During the young Malcolm Little years, from 1925 to 1939, he experienced the difficult times the Jim Crow era, for example frequent hanging, brutal oppression and vicious murders of Black people. Black people resisted and fought the immoral treatment and injustice amassed upon their lives in the early time period of the 20th century. Vanguard organizations were create to unified the masses of Black people to defend, protect and advance themselves, such as…show more content…
Louise Helen and Earl Little borne Malcom on May 19, 1929, he was the fourth of seven children in Omaha, Nebraska. Louise and Earl Little were supporters of the Pan-Africanist Marcus Mosiah Garvey, the creator of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL)-1914, the largest organization of Black people of its type to current times. The UNIA’s mission and adjectives were Black Nationalism, self-pride, self-defense, self-empowerment, self-reliance, and Back to Africa. Louise was branch manager who reported UNIA’s information in the weekly Black newspaper, Negro World, founded in New York City in 1918. Earl was a passionate Baptist Minister, and Leader in the UNIA. Their participation in the UNIA forced the family relocation to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1926, and less than two years later to Lansing, Michigan. Earl’s UNIA leadership position and passionate preaching about racism incited the White racists groups, Ku Klux Klan set their house on fire to the ground and Klan-like Black Legionaries murdered him in 1931. At six-years old, Malcolm’s father nearly beheaded body was found under a streetcar. Malcolm’s mother never recovered psychologically from the grief and shock of her husband’s death, and had to cook dandelion greens from the street to feed her children alone. Louise Little was eventually committed to the State Mental Hospital in Kalamazoo for 26-years. Malcolm was placed in a various juvenile homes and with other family members; he dropped out of 8th grade, started a life of petty criminal activities, and got the street name of Detroit Red, mainly because of his brown-reddish tone hair from his Scottish’s maternal grandfather. He moved to Harlem, New York in 1943, and spiraled downward into a life of dangerous crime and landed in Norfolk Prison Colony, Massachusetts,
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