In their writings on the civil rights movements of the 1960s, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King make quite divergent arguments as to how to combat racial injustice. In his Letter from Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King espouses the ideals of civil disobedience in his impassioned rebuke of those who criticize his methods by touting the virtues of nonviolent resistance to unjust laws. Conversely, Malcolm X, in his text The Ballot or the Bullet, takes a more radical stance by arguing that African-Americans ought to defend themselves from violence proportionally and that -- since a political conspiracy exists against the African-American population -- they should lobby the United Nations under the pretenses of human rights in order to dismantle the segregationist system. While Martin Luther King makes a sober and cogent case, Malcolm X’s arguments are impractical and undeveloped. Martin Luther King begins his letter by outlining what exactly his methods are, those of non-violent struggle and civil disobedience. He openly concedes that the goal of his methods is to “create a crisis and foster such a tension” in order to bring white leaders …show more content…
I highly doubt that he actually believed what he was writing when he stated that the United States could be brought before a “world court” for its intransigence. The US held far too much clout globally for there to have been any substantive effort by the United Nations’ judiciary in order to punish its violations of the UDHR. Even in the face of massive, systemic political pressure from African-Americans (something which did not happen), I believe the UNGA would have only been able to issue toothless condemnations (similar to the ones the General Assembly issues on a yearly basis regarding the US embargo of Cuba) of the United States -- and forget about the Security Council, a body which the US holds veto power over. (X 640,
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History has only proven that the insufficiency of equality as individuals brings hostility between people. For example, the discrimination that people of color had suffered due to the rules and restrictions that were imposed to them. Even though, they were American born citizens, the government was not treating them as equal. Therefore, they started to fight for their rights; most of their manifests were non-violent but due to the discernment from the opposite side some of those protests ended up in riots. Dr. Martin Luther king Jr. even describes their frustrations on a letter that he wrote to his oppose white fellow.
A. Your Main Claim / Thesis Statement (State in three to five sentences what you are going to prove in your paper. Be sure to specify the two readings which you will be examining.) When it comes to living the good life the meaning is to live life with no regrets and develop positive relationships with those around you. Throughout life, one searches for the true meaning of living the good life. However, it is easier to understand how not to live the good life.
Many people believe in the word “Activism,” but they have never truly experienced what it means to be an “Activist”. During the Spring of 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. was embroiled in the civil rights struggle when he penned his now famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail”. To completely understand Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, you have to understand why it was written. It was, while King was in jail for 11 days in Birmingham, Alabama during the civil rights struggles of 1963, written in response to a local newspaper article written by 8 local white clergymen. In that article they questioned why he was there (he was loosely referred to as an outsider) and the timing of the peaceful protests.
In the selected section from “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, Martin Luther King wants to abolish American’s segregation law. He divides all the laws into two categories. One is just law and the other one is unjust law. King indicates that the segregation law is an unjust law which seriously affects black people’s lives. I agree with King’s view on the segregation law.
Martin Luther King’s Jr. “Letters from the Birmingham Jail” is a powerful piece of literature that denounces racism and segregation. His eloquent articulation of segregation in America truly gives the reader a sense of what he and his people had to endure. After a few paragraphs I could already see King’s pure genius and intellect; his ideas had the ability jump off the paper and embedded themselves into one’s conscious. He made it feel as if you were living this scary, but ever so real life with him. Consequently he used this sheer power to fix an unjust system of racial prejudice, which needed to be altered.
On April 16, 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote the “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Martin Luther King, Jr. was a very sophisticated, wise, and an educated man who wanted to please and make things right for everyone. He always put others before himself and believed in helping people in need instead of sitting back and not accomplishing nothing. MLK lived by the quote “treat others the way you want to be treated.” He never used criticism in his work, nor “answer criticism of my work and ideas.”
Why We Can't Wait communicates the confidence, poise, and preparedness that Martin Luther King, Jr. felt leading up to his fight against segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. By including Letters from Birmingham Jail, one of Dr. King’s most famous declarations about racial inequality, he uses pathos to connect on an emotional level with his readers. Furthermore, Dr. King discusses the importance of involving youth in working for social change. By incorporating the importance of the youth, it helps readers to see the racial and social injustice from 1963, and the injustices today, that they can easily fight for.
During the duration of his time at a Birmingham jail, Dr. King strategically enlightened his fellow clergymen of the qualities that make a situation unjust. He states that “in any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustice exist; negotiation; self-purification; and direct action.” Using these four steps, he provides a clear outline to prove that there is a plague of racial injustice in the city of Birmingham. Because of the racial injustice inflicted upon the black community, Dr. King, being an unshakable figurehead, takes it upon himself to provoke direct action to bring a resolution to these problems. Dr. King believed to create effect change, “we must meet the needs for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism.”
The question of “the bullet or the ballot” is a central component of the Civil Rights movement because it demonstrated how African Americans needed to take actions, whether it be through voting in the 1964 election or taking up arms, to defend and express their equality against those who are oppressing them. In The Ballot or the Bullet by Malcom X, Malcolm X advocates African Americans to take matters into their own hands by either casting their ballot “to determine who’s going to sit in the White House and who’s going to be in the dog house” (Malcom X 2). By contrast, Martin Luther King Jr. advocates for an engagement of Civil Disobedience by calling for nonviolent direct action which allows for African Americans to be heard by forcing their
Compelling Craft The craft of using words to create a mood or an atmosphere takes great skill to make an audience understand and feel the cause a writer is fighting for. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a civil rights activist from the 1950’s to the 1960’s, wrote Letter from Birmingham Jail. In his letter he made a compelling argument to a group of clergymen, who questioned his quest. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. made his compelling argument using pathos, ethos, and Kairos by utilizing personal experiences, expressing a moral obligation to help, and his timely involvement for direct action.
Letter from Birmingham Jail The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King Jr was a letter that he wrote to answer the statement to fellow clergymen for calling his activities “Unwise and untimely. First, he explained the reason why he was in the Birmingham; it was because he could not ignore the injustice problem there. The injustice anywhere was the reason for him become active in working for civil rights in Birmingham even though he did not claim permanent residence there.
Others might say all leaders are rebels because they perform illegal actions to get what they want. For example, King, Martin Luther Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail, states, “But I am sure that if I had lived in Germany during this time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers even though it was illegal.” This means Mr.King would’ve helped unexplored Jews in Hitler 's Germany even if it meant going against the law. This shows Mr.King, a leader representing rebellion as he states he wouldn 't have a problem braking authority. Nevertheless not all leaders are rebels.
Not only did whites use laws to help demean colored people but they also used physically violent and tortuous methods. Sometimes you have to fight fire with fire. The Black Lives Matter movement is defiantly a current issue that relates to some of the themes from King’s letter. Martin Luther King’s legacy will forever be imprinted in the fabric of America’s dynasty.
Several people now and throughout history have experienced a sense of inequality within their lives. In his speech, “The Ballot or the Bullet,” Malcolm X, addresses how the depletion of rights within his race has led to many conflicts. In, “The Ballot or the Bullet,” the speaker--Malcolm X--explores through ethics, establishing a commonplace, a historical reference, anaphora, and analogies to prove to his audience they must take action in order to gain their human and civil rights. Malcolm X urges his audience that in order to achieve equality, they must take action and set aside differences.
Comparing and Contrasting the Views on the Problem of Inequality In the writings of Frantz Fanon’s “The Wretched of the Earth,” Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” and Malcom X’s “The Ballot or the Bullet,” there are three distinctive lines of argumentation that attempt to address the issue of inequality within a society. In this essay, it is my intent to compare and contrast the views expressed by these thinkers, and to point out the strengths and weaknesses of each perspective.