However, the findings of EDS contain laxity and weakness of joints. At the early age, chronic pain develop a joint disease called osteoarthritis. It has elastic skin, fragility skin, blood vessels and membranes. Tissue fragility can affected the people who have experience of bruise, bleeding and wound is not healing properly. Many people who have EDS, the symptoms can happen in childhood.
In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy. (1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
The cartilage can be damaged or worn by previous injury such as an elbow dislocation or fracture. Another reason for this injury to occur would be the deterioration of the joint cartilage due to aging. This injury typically affects the weight bearing joints. However osteoarthritis least affects the elbow joint because of its well matched joint surfaces, strong stabilizing ligaments and it can tolerate large forces without becoming unstable. Osteoarthritis is diagnosed based on the symptoms and x-rays of the elbow joints (which shows the arthritic changes).
When joints are dislocated it makes the tendons, and ligaments as well as the muscles surrounding the joint to be vulnerable to tear. Not to mention, the extreme risk for damage to the bone structure from the dislocation. Obviously, some dislocations are worse than others, like when someone dislocate a knee often times doctors or trainers are able to just pop it back in place, brace it, instruct the players to stay off of it for a few weeks and they’ll be fine. The knee may still hurt, but the recovery isn 't near as bad. The story is not always so smooth for other types of dislocations.
It helps to protect the knee joint from inner side forces, and it controls the amount of movement knee makes. Since legs protects the inner side of the knees, LCL injury is not common. However, same as the MCL injury, an LCL injury occurs when patients have to tackle without any protection. - ACL is located inside the knee joint. It connects anterior tibia and posterior femur diagonally.
The muscles in the butt (buttocks) are called gluteal muscles. A gluteal strain happens when the gluteal muscles are overstretched or torn. A tear can be partial or complete. A gluteal strain can cause pain and stiffness in your buttocks, legs, and lower back. A strain might be referred to as “pulling a muscle.” The severity of a muscle strain is rated in degrees.
In chronic charcot foot, changes in radiography are divided into two main types, hypertrophic and atrophic. Hypertrophic joints are found mostly in the small joints of the foot, characterized by joint dislocation, subluxation, bone fractures, calcification of soft tissues and sclerosis. Bone fractures characterizes the hypertrophic changes. In the upper tip, atrophic type is more common and characterized by bone resorption. In one study, radiographic bony cortical disruption with direct spread from infected ulcer or cellulitis aided in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis.
People with paralytic polio first get the symptoms of non-paralytic polio then they get the systems of paralytic polio. There are 3 types of paralytic polio which are spinal polio which affects the spinal cord, bulbar polio which affects the brain or bulbospinal polio which is both. The symptoms of paralytic polio are either temporary or permanent paralysis, muscle pain or critical spasms, deformed limbs and loss of reflexes. Lastly there is post-polio syndrome which can occur up to 35 years after a person had the infection. The symptoms of post-polio syndrome are trouble swallowing or breathing, becoming very tired, being easily cold,
The only sign the baby may have of Spina Bifida is an abnormal tuft or clump hair or a small dimple or birthmark in the skin at the site of the spinal malformation (NIH). Spina Bifida have a few symptoms but it depends on which type and the intensity of the disease in the baby. Many of the symptoms the baby will experience are: loss of bladder or bowel control, partial or complete lack of sensation, partial or complete paralysis of the legs, weakness of the hips, legs, or feet of the newborn. Other symptoms can be: abnormal feet or legs, such as clubfoot and buildup of fluid inside the skull (Hydrocephalus). Spina Bifida can be diagnosed in three different ways such as: AFP test, ultrasound and amniocentesis.
Fractures to the radial head and neck, olecranon and distal humeral condyles/epicondyles have been approximated to occur between 5% and 15% of all elbow dislocations (Middleton, 2012). Fractures like these change the type of dislocation from simple to complex. Therefore a complex dislocation may involve both ligament and bone injuries. A severe dislocation can be catastrophic; there is a high chance that the many nerves and blood vessels that travel in and around the elbow joint may be injured, therefore there is a risk of losing the arm(O’Driscoll, 2009). Dislocation of the elbow is uncommon; usually occurring when someone falls onto an extended hand.