Malnutrition: The Importance Of Nutrition In Children

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A person is said to be malnourished if the diet that they take does not provide their bodies with sufficient calories and protein necessary for maintenance and growth or their bodies are not able to adequately utilize food because of an illness. Excessive consumption of calories or over-nutrition has also been known to cause malnutrition.
Malnutrition is, therefore, a state where there is insufficient, imbalanced or excessive consumption of food nutrients. An individual can develop various types of nutritional disorders. This will depend on what kind of nutrients lack in their bodies or have been consumed in excess.
Malnutrition is a single grave threat to public health all over the globe. This is according to the World Health
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It is, therefore, important to solve the problem of malnutrition by way of interdisciplinary activities. Providing nutritional supplementation alone is not enough. It is, therefore, important to combine it with a strategy that is aimed at improving the nutritional status of children.
Effects of Malnutrition.
Children who suffer from malnutrition may have a delay in physical development, loss of weight and illness because of insufficient consumption of calories and proteins among others.
A child develops mostly during the first few years of their life. Lack of proper nutrition at this stage of their development can lead to certain implications. One such implication is that of poor immunity. Poor nutrition can cause low immunity in a child, which may cause them to be vulnerable to diseases and infections. It is important to provide children with vitamin A, iron, and zinc in their nutrition so as to prevent their immune system from becoming weak.
A child who has poor nutrition is likely to suffer from a gastrointestinal infection. The gastrointestinal infection then causes the child 's body to be unable to absorb nutrients sufficiently. As a result, such a child 's growth is negatively affected. They are therefore not able to grow and develop properly as compared to a child who has adequate
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Protein-energy malnutrition is caused by a deficiency in all or certain nutrients. Micronutrient deficiency diseases on the other had is caused by the deficiency of particular micronutrients.
Protein-energy malnutrition is more common in children and exists in three types. The first is that of acute malnutrition. It causes the body of a child to waste and become thin. It is usually caused by insufficient nutrition that causes a child to lose weight rapidly or become unable to gain weight normally. The second one is chronic malnutrition. It causes a child to appear short and stunt because a lack of linear growth of their body. This type of malnutrition occurs where a child is not able to get proper nutrition over a long period during their growth.
Acute and chronic malnutrition are one that is exhibited by a child being underweight. Acute and chronic malnutrition occurs due to stunting growth or wasting or a combination of both.
Malnutrition in Different Age Groups of

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