Extreme stress leads to the release of stress hormones that are known to cause a decline of the growth hormone resulting in psychosocial dwarfism (Berk, 2010). The decline of the growth hormone can cause a short stature disorder and in turn affect or delay the developmental stage of childhood to adulthood, including puberty. Stress in children may bring about health problems related to the asthma, common cold, cancer, diabetes, infectious diseases, epileptic seizures, and leukemia (Johnson, 2004). Other physical effects are cardiovascular problems, obesity and frequent
Toddlers with iron deficiency are likely to have delays in socioemotional and neurophysiological development. The article Food insecurity and hunger: A review of the effects on children's health and behaviour asserts, " In addition, children in food-insecure households tend to have diets that are high in refined sugars and low in iron, which can have behavioural consequences including hyperkinesia, inattention and poor memory (8). ", which suggest that food-insecure children are likely to consume foods that affect their behavior. In the article Childhood Food Insecurity in the U.S.: Trends, Causes, and Policy Options, defines food insecurity as, "a situation that exists whenever the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or the ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways is limited or uncertain.” Having limited or no access to healthier foods, children are fed lower quality foods. Constantly consuming non-nutritious food can cause
Parizad Batty-Avari EYE11-4.1 Explain the impacts of poor diet on children's health and development Nutritious food is of paramount importance for a healthy mind and body. Childhood is a time of critical growth in which proper nutrition is absolutely necessary. Children who have poor diets either due of a lack of food or because of bad eating habits and patterns, leads to inadequate intake of nutrients and are prone to significant short-term and long-term health impacts and diseases. Short-term impact on children’s health: A poor diet can affect children’s health and development in short term causing a poor immune system. The body finds it difficult to fighting off colds and other infections.
Increased malnutrition is caused by poor diversification of diets such as relying too much on starchy staples. Thus, the consumption of a variety of foods is important for positive health. Malnutrition can be reduced by the consumption of diets having animal sources, vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables as well as nutrient-rich legumes (Arimond and Ruel, 2004; Thompson and Amoroso, 2011). According to the FAO, IFAD and WFP, (2015) about 800 million people do not have sufficient access to calories. A low intake of vitamins and minerals causes about 2 billion people all over the world to suffer from micronutrient malnutrition (IFPRI, 2014).
2.1 Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by personal factors. Health Status – When a child is born, if there are issues relating to the mother i.e. drug or alcohol use, this can cause a baby to be born small or suffer from foetal alcohol syndrome. This can result in delay of development. After birth the baby will be smaller than average and can sometimes be born with deformed limbs, this can then limit them at school with taking part in certain sporting activities.
Young children 's social-emotional growth can also be influenced by the stressors related to food insecurity, setting them at expanded danger of behavioral and emotional issues, which in flip affects their readiness for kindergarten and capability to achieve school. Research on the effects of food insecurities on social-emotional health in young children is more limited, however does advocate that it is related to negative behavioral and mental health results for children. Furthermore, food insecurity is related to poorer emotional wellness in parents and guardians – which include anxiety and depression – that could affect their capacity to participate in nurturing interactions with their children, or to reply to stress the child
Another effect poverty has on the emotional aspect of a child 's identity is the mental stress put on them. This often at times causes them to react irrationally to day-to-day conflicts, and to create behavioral problems. It has been observed that children who grow up with sufficient financial funds do not frequently possess these kinds of difficulties. Eric Jensen, the author of the book, Teaching with Poverty in Mind, in regards to financially stable children says, "Children who grow up with such relationships learn healthy, appropriate, emotional responses to everyday situations. But children raised in poor households often fail to learn these responsibilities" (Chapter 2.
Juliet according to this video improper nutrition can effects the children growth and development. Good nutrition food is needed for good health. If a child does not receive adequate nutrition they may not physically fit. And the brain will not receive the needed nutrients to learning things. inadequate nutrition creates too many health problems such as learning disabilities, reduce problem solving abilities and reduce social skills.
Another unfortunate aspect of the affect diathesis-stress model is that it indicates the child, adolescent, and young adult are not provided the opportunity to flourish as some of their peers. Instead diathesis-stress is associated with growing up in an extremely negative, oppressive, and counterproductive environment during a child’s most informative years (Berger, 2014). Not only does anxiety disables an individual to properly regulate their response to everyday cycle of events but the effects trigger comatose genes and hormones to create psychological, biological, and neurological signs of future problems at an earlier age. Furthermore, the biological overload of hormones creates a void in an individual’s self-regulation ability of emotions
Malnutrition or lack of balance diet, and overeating harmful chemicals like junk foods can result of different diseases such as overweight, underweight and obesity problems that can lead to more serious problems such as diabetes or heart disease. 2. There are also physical manifestation of poor nutrition such as weak muscle and energy, increased skin infection, constipation, gaining or losing weight