Toddlers with iron deficiency are likely to have delays in socioemotional and neurophysiological development. The article Food insecurity and hunger: A review of the effects on children's health and behaviour asserts, " In addition, children in food-insecure households tend to have diets that are high in refined sugars and low in iron, which can have behavioural consequences including hyperkinesia, inattention and poor memory (8). ", which suggest that food-insecure children are likely to consume foods that affect their behavior. In the article Childhood Food Insecurity in the U.S.: Trends, Causes, and Policy Options, defines food insecurity as, "a situation that exists whenever the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or the ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways is limited or uncertain.” Having limited or no access to healthier foods, children are fed lower quality foods. Constantly consuming non-nutritious food can cause
Malnutrition has been one of the enduring problems that are being solved until today. Amcoff (1981) defined malnutrition as the lack of a sufficient quantity or quality of nutrients to maintain the body system at some definable level of functioning. It has been estimated that 37-80 per cent of all pre-school children in the developing countries suffer from proteincalorie malnutrition as assessed by the manifestation of syndromes, nutritional indexes, and weight deviations(Bengoa 1974). In addition, Under-nutrition or malnutrition is a general term for the medical condition caused by an inappropriate or insufficient diet. "Malnutrition is the lack of sufficient nutrients sustaining healthy body functions and associates with extreme poverty in economically developing countries.
Powder is the important nutrient required for children besides they get the nutrient from breastfeeding milk. This is because milk powder contains the basic and additional requirement needed for children during their development years. Children are particularly vulnerable to environmental toxicants because of their possibly greater relative exposure and the effect on their growth and physiological development. This is because milk powder may be contaminated by heavy metals which can cause toxicity to the consumers (J.N Solidum, S.G. Burgos, Padilla, 2012). The concentration of lead in milk is a matter of special concern nowadays.
Poverty is thriving this these countries, which can lead to the high rate of malnutrition. In poorer countries there is a lack of food. There are also high food prices and there are many problems with food distribution. Another contribution to malnutrition is that many mothers will choose to bottle feed their children, rather than breast feed them. In doing this, they risk the health of their babies, and they can then become malnourished.
(Solon et al, 2015). Children are not only affected by lack of food but their lives are also places at risk by poor feeding and care practices. In addition, poor health conditions of pregnant and breastfeeding women are also one of
ABSTRACT The term, ‘children with disabilities’ refers to children up to the age of 18 who have ‘long-term physical, mental, intellectual, or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.’ Such children are often marginalized and experience widespread violations of their rights. The exclusion of these children from the mainstream society makes them even more vulnerable and hence unable to enjoy a life of dignity and individuality. Factors like poverty; isolation; lack of support and infrastructural facilities further vitiate the conditions of these children. Broadly the disabilities that can affect chil-dren can be classified into physical and learning disabilities and both of these need to addressed dif-ferently.
The highest numbers of undernutrition cases occur in unstable countries which suffer from different kinds of conflicts, countries that are vulnerable and fragile. Such countries need more support and actions to reduce the chronical undernutrition in the future. The continuous undernutrition is very destructive to a child causing stunting and affects the whole society and its future. Undernutrition also weakens child’s health, learning ability, later on livelihood and capability to have healthy children on his/her own (World Vision Finland
Global Hunger can affect the their lives from the very beginning. From infants, hunger will hinder with their growth rate and will be more likely to catch diseases; as for toddlers it will development of physical and mental will be restricted; for children it will start to have immense amount of affect as it will lead them to face difficulties and inability to attend school; when they grow into adults their lack of education while growing up will
Literature review Malnutrition in childhood: Malnutrition is a serious public health problem and a pathological condition that results when a person’s diet contains inadequate amount of nutrients(1). Malnutrition refers both under nutrition and over nutrition. But in common usage the word malnutrition refers to under nutrition and protein energy malnutrition. Malnutrition is the leading cause of more than one third of all child death(2). Globally, malnutrition is the major risk factor for all common childhood illnesses, and it increases the chance of worsening the conditions (3) and increases the chance of dying too(4).
Lack of knowledge regarding the basic free services, child and maternal health care and nutrition causes the heath of these children to deteriorate rapidly after birth thereby leading to their death. Exposure to dust and unhygienic environments, unfavorable temperatures causing dysentery, fever, vomiting etc lead to poorer health of the children. Parents mostly are unaware of the possible damages the surrounding and their lack of proper care could cause. MEASURES TAKEN TO REDUCE INFANT MORTALITY RATE India hopes to achieve MDG4 target of Under-five mortality Rate of 42 per 1000 live births by 2015 through its recent measures.the child mortality rate in india in 2012 was 52 and is expected to decrease further in the coming years. The following interventions have been implemented by the National Health Mission to bring down the mortality rate of children across all the States of the country: Promotion of Institutional Delivery through JananiSurakshaYojana(JSY) with the help of skilled birth attendants.