It is, therefore, important to solve the problem of malnutrition by way of interdisciplinary activities. Providing nutritional supplementation alone is not enough. It is, therefore, important to combine it with a strategy that is aimed at improving the nutritional status of children. Effects of Malnutrition. Children who suffer from malnutrition may have a delay in physical development, loss of weight and illness because of insufficient consumption of calories and proteins among others.
Poverty is thriving this these countries, which can lead to the high rate of malnutrition. In poorer countries there is a lack of food. There are also high food prices and there are many problems with food distribution. Another contribution to malnutrition is that many mothers will choose to bottle feed their children, rather than breast feed them. In doing this, they risk the health of their babies, and they can then become malnourished.
The Continent with the highest amount of people suffering with malnutrition, relating to undernourishment, is Africa. Ethiopia and Nigeria are both third world countries, and are greatly suffering from malnutrition. Being undernourished is when your body doesn’t receive enough nutrients. Starvation is also a form of malnutrition; starvation is the main reason for malnutrition in third world countries. Poverty is thriving this these countries, which can lead to the high rate of malnutrition.
The disease and how it affects people Malnutrition essentially means “bad nourishment”. It concerns not enough as well as too much food, the wrong types of food, and the body 's response to a wide range of infections that result in malabsorption of nutrients or the inability to use nutrients properly to maintain health. Clinically, malnutrition is characterized by inadequate or excess intake of protein, energy, and micronutrients such as vitamins, and the frequent infections and disorders that
Even the World Health Organisation has played a very significant role in ensuring that women enjoy a good health status in the society. To throw light on the Nutrition part of the discussion, malnutrition is a huge hindrance to humanity. It can be defined as the lack of good health due to the deficiencies in micro and macro nutrients. Although the problem of malnutrition has been prevalent over several decades, the past decade has recorded the highest level of malnutrition in India. This is due the fact that there is strong ignorance about the causes and the effects of malnutrition.
Malnutrition is estimated to contribute to more than one third of all child deaths and more than 50% of childhood mortality in children under 5 years old although it is rarely listed as the direct cause(1). Malnutrition is a broad term commonly used to indicate under nutrition but technically it also refers to over nutrition. The basic causes of malnutrition include formal and informal institutions: political, economic and ideological structure and system. Health service availability with other causes like infection particularly frequent or persistent diarrhoea, pneumonia, measles and malaria that undermine child's nutritional status and play important role in increased incidence of malnutrition. According to United Nations Children’s Fund
Early malnutrition can lead to limited vision, fine motor skills, language and social skills and chronic illnesses. These deficiencies can cause anemia, obesity, eating disorders and cavities, also more serious illness such as heart disease, cancer and strokes. Students who consistently have insufficient protein score lower on achievement tests than their classmates who had adequate nutrition ( ). Thus, unhealthy diet options during childhood can have lasting consequences for poor children’s minds, bodies and
An enormous amount of crucial issues are holding the world back from achieving global development, of which high levels of malnutrition… When a person does not get the proper amount of nutrients, whether more or less than required, malnutrition becomes a concern. In fact, it is the world 's greatest single contributor to disease. Malnutrition can be related to nearly all of the Millennium Development Goals, thus reducing the chances to achieve any of them. The Sub-Saharan part of Africa has one of the highest rates of malnutrition in the world with one in every four people chronically malnourished. Moreover, in this area, the number of malnourished individuals has significantly increased over the past few years with 176 million in 1990
Furthermore, the World Food Programme calculates that US$3.2 billion of monetary aid is required to reach all 66 million of hungry children worldwide. Political Malnutrition proves to be a dire problem faced by governments of developing countries. Respective governments have to focus on resource distribution and policies to alleviate malnutrition. Tensions brought by food insecurity may give rise to political instability. Malnutrition in Africa According to the World Resources Institute, Africa is the continent most highly reliant on agriculture.