Managerial Theory: Scientific Management, Bureaucracy And Organizational Theory

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There are four theoretical contributions that have contributed to organizational theory: Scientific Management, Administrative Theory, Bureaucracy and Organizational Structure, and Administrative Theory. These four theories share some ideologies in common such as adjustment for the attainment of maximum production and top-down management and control. This also includes transparency to enable consequences of organizational choices to be assessed, understanding that there may be a need to replace parts of an organization, and professional and rational behavior. They come from the 19th and 20th century and have shaped contemporary management.
The first theory is the Scientific Management theory that Frederick W. Taylor was the primary contributor of and that had catalyzed the Industrial Revolution. Scientific Management is a system devised by industrial engineers for the purpose of serving the common interests of employers, workmen and society at large through the elimination of avoidable wastes, the general improvement of the processes and methods of production, and the just and scientific distribution of the product (Taneja, Pryor & Toombs, 2011). Frederick Taylor’s theory used a “rule of thumb” approach by studying organizations for an extended period of time until he
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It has served as the foundation for management theory today and is the one I see most at present. My own observation comes from my work as a leasing consultant for a property management company. My management presents a goal and adjusts to the needs and strengths of its employees to meet the goal given. Characteristics of modern management are derived from each of these theories, but the Bureaucratic Theory considers human bias, human emotion, and the abilities of the team. Though it takes longer to implement as workers need to adjust accordingly, it allows a greater flexibility in
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